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Front matter includes title pages, copyright, table of contents, and the preface.


J. Condensed Matter Nucl. Sci. 6 (2012) 1–255
©2012 ISCMNS. All rights reserved.

JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE

Volume 6 2012
CONTENTS
PREFACE
RESEARCH ARTICLES
When Bubble Cavitation becomes Sonofusion
Roger S. Stringham
1
Characterization of Neutrons Emitted during Pd/D Co-deposition
Pamela A. Mosier-Boss, Frank E. Gordon and Lawrence P.G. Forsley
13
Development of a High Temperature Hybrid CMNS Reactor
Francesco Celani, O.M. Calamai, A. Spallone, A. Nuvoli, V. Andreassi, B. Ortenzi, F. Piastra, E. Righi, G. Trenta and E. Marano
24
TOF-SIMS Investigation on Nuclear Transmutation from Sr to Mo with Deuterium Permeation through Multi-layered Pd/CaO
A. Murase, N. Takahashi, S. Hibi, T. Hioki, T. Motohiro and J. Kasagi
34
Modified Szpak Protocol for Excess Heat
Dennis Letts and Peter L. Hagelstein
44
Lochon-mediated Low-energy Nuclear Reactions
K.P. Sinha and A. Meulenberg
55
Effects of Self-poisoning of Pd on the Deuterium Permeation Rate and Surface Elemental Analysis for Nuclear Transmutation
T. Hioki, N. Takahashi, J. Gao, A. Murase, S. Hibi and T. Motohiro
64
The Open Gate Phenomenon: A New Energy Technology
S.L. Taft and J. Marwan
77
Cryogenic Calorimetry of “Exploding” PdDx Wires
F.L. Tanzella, J. Bao and M.C.H. McKubre
90
Bose–Einstein Condensation Nuclear Fusion: Role of Monopole Transition
Y.E. Kim and T.E. Ward
101
Nuclear Particles Generated by Electrolysis – a Review
R.A. Oriani
108
Underlying Mechanism of the Nuclear of Implied by the Energy–momentum Conservation [ I ] Tetsuo Sawada 118
A Review on Nuclear Products Generated During Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR)
P.A. Mosier-Boss
135
LANR Nanostructures and Metamaterials Driven at their Optimal Operating Point
M.R. Swartz
149
Bird’s EyeView of Phonon Models for Excess Heat in the Fleischmann–Pons Experiment
P.L. Hagelstein
169
Transmutation of Elements in Low-energy Glow Discharge and the Associated Processes
I.B. Savvatimova
181
Experimental results on Excess Heat Power, Impurity Nuclides and X-ray Production in Experiments with a High-Voltage Electric Discharge System
A.B. Karabut and E.A. Karabut
199
Spectral and Temporal Characteristics of X-ray Emission from Metal Electrodes in a High-current Glow Discharge
A.B. Karabut and E.A. Karabut and P.L. Hagelstein
217
First-principles Studies of Electronic and Ionic Transport in Palladium Hydrides/Deuterides
N. Luo and George H. Miley
241

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J. Condensed Matter Nucl. Sci. 7 (2012) 1–50 ©2012 ISCMNS. All rights reserved.
JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE

Volume 7 2012
CONTENTS
PREFACE
ERRATUM
Errata and Comments on a Recent Set of Papers in Journal of Condensed Matter in Nuclear Science
P.L. Hagelstein and I.U. Chaudhary
1
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Errata and More Evidence of Microscopic Ball Lightning (Plasmoids) in CF Devices
Edward Lewis
8
REVIEW ARTICLE
Biological Transmutations: Historical Perspective
Jean-Paul Biberian
11
RESEARCH ARTICLES
Evidence Concerning the Mechanism of the Nuclear Reaction between Deuterium and Tritium
John O’M. Bockris
26
Priority in Nuclear Reactions in the Cold
John O’M. Bockris
32
Including Nuclear Degrees of Freedom in a Lattice Hamiltonian
P.L. Hagelstein and I.U. Chaudhary
35

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Front matter includes title pages, copyright, table of contents, and the preface.


J. Condensed Matter Nucl. Sci. 8 (2012) 1–230
©2012 ISCMNS. All rights reserved. ISSN 2227-3123
JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE

Volume 8 2012
CONTENTS
PREFACE
RESEARCH ARTICLES
Nuclear Exothermic Reactions in Lattices Pd: A Theoretical Study of d–d Reaction
F. Frisone
1
Investigations of Possible Shuttle Reactions in Co-deposition Systems
Melvin H. Miles
12
Initiation of the Cold Fusion Reactions by Air Components
Sergey A. Tsvetkov
23
Mechanisms for Heat Generation during Deuterium and Hydrogen Loading of Palladium Nanostructures
O. Dmitriyeva, R. Cantwell and M. McConnell
29
Statistical Analysis of Unexpected Daily Variations in an Electrochemical Transmutation Experiment
Felix Scholkmann, Tadahiko Mizuno and David J. Nagel
37
Correlation Between Surface Properties and Anomalous Effects in F&P Experiments
E. Castagna, S. Lecci, M. Sansovini, F. Sarto and V. Violante RdA
49
The Study of the Fleischman and Pons Effect through the Materials Science Development
V. Violante, F. Sarto, E. Castagna, S. Lecci, M. Sansovini, M. McKubre and F. Tanzella
60
Model for Electromagnetic pulsed BEC Experiments
R.S. Stringham
75
Low-energy Subbarrier Correlated Nuclear Fusion in Dynamical Systems
V.I. Vysotskii and S.V. Adamenko
91
Quantum-correlated Fluctuations, Phonon-induced Bond Polarization, Enhanced Tunneling, and Low-energy Nuclear Reactions in Condensed Matter
K.P. Sinha and A. Meulenberg
105
Nuclear Signatures to be Expected from Rossi Energy Amplifier
Jacques Dufour
124
New analysis of MIT Calorimetric Errors
M.H. Miles and P.L. Hagelstein
132
Experimental Results on Excess Power, Impurity Nuclides, and X-ray Production in Experiments with a High-voltage Electric Discharge System
A.B. Karabut and E.A. Karabut
139
Research into Excited 0.6–6.0 keV Energy Levels in the Cathode Solid Medium of Glow Discharge by X-ray Spectra Emission
A.B. Karabut and E.A. Karabut
159
Stimulation of Metal Deuteride Wires at Cryogenic Temperatures
Francis Tanzella, Jianer Bao, Michael McKubre and Peter Hagelstein
176
What is needed in LENR/FPE studies?
Michael C.H. McKubre, Francis L. Tanzella and Vittorio Violante
187
Piezonuclear Neutrons from Iron
Fabio Cardone, Andrea Petrucci and Roberto Mignani
198
Fabrication, Characterization, and Evaluation of Excess Heat in Zirconium–Nickel– Palladium Alloys
D.A. Kidwell, M.A. Imam and D.D. Dominguez
208
Are Oxide Interfaces Necessary in Fleischmann–Pons-type Experiments?
D.D. Dominguez, D.A. Kidwell, D.L. Knies, K.S. Grabowski, G.K. Hubler, J.H. He and V. Violante
219

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Front matter includes title pages, copyright, table of contents, and the editorial.

J. Condensed Matter Nucl. Sci. 10 (2013) 1–71
©2013 ISCMNS. All rights reserved. ISSN 2227-3123

JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE

Volume 10
CONTENTS
PREFACE
RESEARCH ARTICLES
Characteristics and Energetics of Craters in LENR Experimental Materials
David J. Nagel
1
From the Naught Orbit to the 4He Excited State
A. Meulenberg
15
Protocol for a Silicate-based LENR Using Electrodes of Various Metals
Brian P. Roarty and Carol J. Walker
30
An Introduction to the Pico-chemistry Working Hypothesis
Jacques Dufour
40
Effect of Forced Oxidation on Hydrogen Isotope Absorption/Adsorption Characteristics of Pd–Ni–Zr Oxide Compounds
Yuki Miyoshi, Hideyuki Sakoh, Akira Taniike, Akira Kitamura, Akito Takahashi, Reiko Seto and Yushi Fujita
46
Recent Advances in Deuterium Permeation Transmutation Experiments
Y. Iwamura, T. Itoh, N. Yamazaki, H. Yonemura, K. Fukutani and D. Sekiba
63

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Front matter includes title pages, copyright, table of contents, and the editorial.

Condensed Matter Nucl. Sci. 12 (2013) 1–157
©2013 ISCMNS. All rights reserved. ISSN  2227-3123

Volume 12 2013
CONTENTS
EDITORIAL
RESEARCH ARTICLES
How the Flawed Journal Review Process Impedes Paradigm Shifting Discoveries
P.A. Mosier-Boss, L.P. Forsley and F.E. Gordon
1
Using Bakeout to Eliminate Heat from H/D Exchange During Hydrogen Isotope Loading of Pd-impregnated Alumina Powder
Olga Dmitriyeva, Garret Moddel, Richard Cantwell and Matt McConnell
13
Electron Mass Enhancement and the Widom–Larsen Model
Peter L. Hagelstein
18
Neutrino Equation of Motion and Neutrino–electron Bound Pairs in LENR
Burke Ritchie
41
Simulation of Crater Formation on LENR Cathodes Surfaces
Jacques Ruer
54
Born–Oppenheimer and Fixed-point Models for Second-order Phonon Exchange in a Metal
P.L. Hagelstein and I.U. Chaudhary
69
Phonon–nuclear Coupling for Anomalies in Condensed Matter Nuclear Science
P.L. Hagelstein and I.U. Chaudhary
105
The Fleischmann–Pons Effect: Reactions and Processes
S. Szpak and F. Gordon
143

512

subpage of Proceedings/ICCF-6

Cold Fusion and Electrophyslcal Processes In Ferroelectric Deuterated Crystal Is. Influence of Therml Neutron

BackgroundLeve1, D—H Substitution and Crystal Mass

A.G. Lipson, V. A. Kuz,netsov, T). M. Sakov, E.T. Saunin

Insti Lute of Physical Chemistry,

The Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 1 17915 Russia

Abs trac t

C’,hange i n neutron flux i ntensity upon the passing through K(D H ) PO crystals in the vicinity of Curie point depending

on thermal neutron background level , its mass and D—H substi tution index (x) has been studied. The semi —empi ri cal equi tinn that descri bes neutron emission processes in DKDP crystals near Tc quite c.orrec.tly, has been proposed.

I . Tntr•oduc tion

As i t was shown earl ier [ 1—3], upon the transi t ion through Curie point in  crystals (DKDP) with x-0.98; 0.96 and 0.80 at the condi ti ons of external. thermal neutron bac.kground irradiation, the excess emission of fast neutron is observed. Tn common case it may be amplification or attenuation of external thermal neutron flux passing through crys tal in the vicini ty of Curie point. As result emission of neutron in these crystals can get posi Live or negative sign (with subtraction of background value) . Simul taneously in DKDP crystals the suppression of spontaneous deformati on, de and cracks forma ti on ara observed. In present work we will demonstrate that absolute value of neutron emission and i ts sign ( posi tive or negative one) is depend upon external thermal neutron flux, crystal mass and i ts substi tution degree-

2. Experimental part

The samples consisted of tri c single crys taLs or with x=O.96 and 1=0.80. Their Curie points are T =219 K and T = 190 K in accordance wi til calocyme tric

measurments. Samples wi th mass from g up to 11.0 g were cut from single—crys tal I ine plate in (001 ) direc temperature posi tion and polarization reversal or ferroelec. phase transi tion were moni tored by the registration of pirocurrent signals in the non—polarized samples near T with the

help thermostimulated depolari sation (TSD) technique. The samples were heated and cooled in a linear regime at a rate of O. 15 K/s.

To determine change in a neutron flux and to create flux of thermal neutron>59ne the experimental set up shown in A     1 has source of neutrons with intensi ty ‘ 200 n/s in solid angle of 4 was used for experiments with neutron of different intensi ty- The source was p] aced at a distance    —6

cm from the surface of •the sarnpie, which in turn was located at a distance r cm from the neutron detector. The change in detector’s neutron background (N ) was reached by change in free

space vol ume insi de the PE box (addi on or remova of “neutrostop t• bl ocks). Measurements show, that irr the range of neutron detector background values of ISNx/N ‘270 (where M is

a detector counts for a cosmic neutron background) the ux of thermal neutron passing through I)KDP cr•ysæal is in a range of O. 1ST sP5 n/s*crn (where T —O. I n/s*cm cosmi c background

Typical results of taneous measurmerlt,s of a neutron ernissiTM1 and ‘TSD in DKDP crystals with x=O. 96 and x=O.80 are shown in fig. 2, 3. Tn the case of DKDP with 1=0.96 rn=2 g (fig. Pa) at background TX/ T = 100 the amp I i ti cati on of neutron emi ssi on

intensity ( AN) has place. The emi ssion intensi ty i s about of 20 ti mes more than for crystal temperature cyc led in the cosmic background condi t ions. Moreover i n the TSD spectrum the changes are observed, that indicate on change in domain structure of DKDP (1=0.96) under the acti on of ul tt•aweak thermal neutron f Inx (fig -P, curve I , P) .

In the case of T)KDP (  g) in the cosmic background condi tions a weak posi tive neutron emission is observed (

But at TX/ T = 100 the sign of AN is changed, that ts indicate

appearance of attenua tion of external ther•mal neutron i effect. The change in TSD spectrum at TX/ T > 100 in contr•ast to cosmic background condi t inns is corresponding to suppress toti o t?

spontaneous de formations in partial y deutera ted DKDP

3. Di scussi on

The balance of ampl i ficati on—attenuation processes crystal near Tc upon the passing through it of external

neutron flux is deutermi nine by:

a) the process of i nelastic, scattering of thermal on lattice deuterons , that is lead to ” posj ti vat’ emissi on > (in reference to background flux) ;

e. rys ta I s

in DKDP thermal

neutrons neu tron

h) the process of capture of background thermal neutrons by tha (DTI] complex located in crystal , by the “nega ti

neutron emission <N >

Taki to ae.ecun-t a •or•evi ous work data 3] i t can be that

(1)

where P                          bac kground   thermal      neutron

513

ICCF-6 October 13-18, 1996 Japan

scattering on lattice DKDP deu teron; P         is probabili ty of

n deuteron—donor splitting by coherent multi phonon excitation (GMP,) with taking to account neutron diffusion depending on i x/ T or

probability of dd—reaction initiation by the neutron Mossbauer• effect [4, 5].

neutron yield (n/cm *s) in thermonuc lear old—reaction, to be occur on the spheres surrounding C.ME (on the isoenergetic surface e-22.5 kev

The captured in DKDP crys tal part of neutron flux <N can be obtained by the next way:

(2)

c where P ( DH) — is a probability of thermal neutron capture by

r DHI compl exes with •taking to account thermal neutron diffusion, which depends upon the I / TF is a thermal neu tron -r i ux x passing through the crystal ; V is a volume of crystal.

c

Therefore the total expression for balance of neutron effects in DKDP crystal. near depending on relative value or thermal neutron background ( i / i ) ; substi tution index (x) and crys tai mass (m=V p) wili assume the form:

This semiempiric•.al equation is valid only for crys ta I

th mass more than some cryt•i caj vaiue :

3/4

(4) crit

1/2

where ( Nx/ N )        i s a minimum number ot therma i neutrons

( passing through the crystal for ferroelectric phase trans i ti or’ time) that can ini tiate t’ effect,” N (3) more than standard djvi at. ion (J higher then background ; a current

indi cation of detector which corresponds to flux T rnax maximum indication of detec tor in used geometry of experi merit.. Semi empirical equation ( 3), with “taking to account condition (4) makes it possible to compute theoreti cal dependences of’ N (T / T )

(x) and N (m), which are in a good agreement wi th experimental

nata obtained, make possible to conclude that. to observe neutron effects -in deute-r•ated non—equi I i crystals

it is nacessecy, in each case, t.o optimize crystal pat-amet.ec•s and externai thermal neutron background At m>mcri t as well as corresponding values TX/i and x wi th taki ng ae.e.oun e. rys i

structure tion, i t, possi to tain reproduci resul ts, that, in fact, are a value of balance be ampl i r i.cation and a t tenua tion or external ( background )

References

  1. Lipson , .gakov D.M. . Sauni.n P,.l. // Lett- 62 (10) 828

( 199b) _ fiakov 1). M. , Saunitm F,.l. // J.Tech.P11Yß.t,eLt;,

Gaunt n F,- , Kuznet.sc,v V. A – // Phys. 1996 ( to be pub t i shed).

  1. Kozima H // Nuovo (i imatlt;o A?’i’ , ( 1994).
  2. stein P. // Trans Fusion tl’ee.h. P6T , 461 (

Capti ons to ti gores

Pig. 1 . manta t arrangement I — Polyethlene (Co) , de Lee. top; ‘3 counters; 4 si e.orte oi l ; 259 Cd foi ; 6 cryostat, wi I)KDP (‘PSI) cell ) , – neutron source

Fig. BFee.t.ra and tteut.t•on emi ,qsi on i ntensi ty for DKDP crystals cooling ( heating) the vie,.init.y of T : curves t — TGI) spectra for N ‘N —100 e.ortdi ti on; curves 2 (dashed line) spee.tr•a for cosmic neut.r•on background conditions (NK/No=I ) ;

neu tron emi i on i nt,ensi with subtraction of tai ned out, and ) .

‘PSI) spec. tara and                      t.r•orj emi s-3Bion intensi ty

( x—c). 80) crystals upon e,ooline iti vicini ty of : curve I  spec, trum rot’ e.oe,mie. bae.kgt•ound condi tinn (Nx/N —I) curve 2

emission i titernqity wt th subtrae,tion of background.

Fig. 3b. Just; the same as a, but tor Nx/N —100 ( IPST)

peak is             t; ted on 4K -i n t,he Pie i d     I ower temperatures (curve I); AN was negative sign (curve P).

Fig – 4. Neutron yield v€-wsUs crystal mass at; cosmic thermal neutron background ( N x/N — 1) (‘or c.v•ys s 96; O -80;

  1. 60) upon the tr•atiS t, i ti e.a[ e.ut•ves deri ved

f com equat.i ons , (4) ( Poi wi th standard devi ati ons are obtai ned from ment)

Pi E. b- Neu y i e i d versus e.r•ystal mass; for DKDP 96 and K—O.80) upon the i ti through at thermal neutron

Nx/ N               Theot•eti cal e.utwv•es derived from ( 3) ,          (4)

(Points wi tti                      dev-iat’i           are obtained from

Fig. 6. Neutron y i el d ver•sup, back-ground condi ti ons (Nx/N ) for  g) et•yst.al upon the transi t, ion througlt Tc-

515

ICCF.6 October 13-1b 19% Japan

Pig. 7. Neutron yi eld versus D—H substitition index (x) in e„osrnic background conditions (N / N —100, g)

ICCF-6

Subpage of Proceedings

We have scans of this conference’s proceedings, courtesy of Jed Rothwell:
http://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/NEDOthesixthin.pdf Vol. 1 http://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/NEDOthesixthina.pdf  Vol. 2

From the Leibnitz Information Centre  for Science and Technology University Library. The Table of Contents for Volume 1. (the TOC was repeated in Volume 2. They appear to have the Proceedings for sale, cheap (almost certainly digital delivery).

front matter includes title, preface, and table of contents.

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Table of Contents

The Sixth International Conference on Cold Fusion
PROGRESS IN NEW HYDROGEN ENERGY
Edited by Makoto OKAMOTO
October 13-18, 1996
JAPAN
Published by:
New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization
The Institute of Applied Energy
Supported by:
The Agency of Natural Resources and Energy of the Ministry of International Trade and Industry
Volume 1
Fundamental Session
Helium and Heat Correlation
X-Ray, Heat Excess and 4He in the Electrochemical Confinement of Deuterium in Palladium
Gozzi, D. (Italy) Lead Author was F. Cellucci
3
Mass Spectroscopic Search for Helium in Effluent Gas and Palladium Cathodes of D20 Electrolysis Cells involving Excess Power
Isagawa, S. (Japan)
12
Heat and Helium Measurements using Palladium and Palladium Alloys in Heavy Water
Miles, M. H. (U.S.A.)
20
Measurements of 4He Production from D2 Gas-Loaded Pd Sample
Botta, E. (Italy)
29
Study of Excess Heat and Nuclear Products with closed D20 Electrolysis System
Yasuda, K. (Japan)
36
NHE Session
Excess Heat in Fuel Cell Type Cells from Pure Pd Cathodes Annealed at High Temperatures
Kamimura, H. (Japan)
45
Development and Experiments on a Flow Calorimetry System
Kubota, A. (Japan)
52
Study of Material Processing and Treatment for High Deuterium-Loading
Senjuh, T. (Japan)
59
Material Behavior of Highly Deuterium Loaded Palladium by Electrolysis
Asami, N. (Japan)
67
New Hydrogen Energy Research at SRI
McKubre, M. C. H. (U.S.A.)
75
Excess Heat
Results of ICARUS 9 Experiments Run at IMRA Europe
Pons, S. (France)
85
New Kinds of Electrolytic Regimes and Geometrical Configurations to Obtain Anomalous Results in Pd(M)-D Systems
Celani, F. (Italy)
93
Some Thoughts on the Nature of the Nuclear-Active Regions in Palladium
Storms, E. (U.S.A.)
105
Reproduction of Fleischmann and Pons Experiments
Lonchampt, G. (France)
113
Excess Heat Measurement at High Cathode Loading by Deuterium during Electrolysis of Heavy Water using Pd Cathode
Nakata, T. (Japan)
121
Achievement of Solid-State Plasma Fusion (“Cold Fusion”)
Arata, Y. (Japan)
129
Everything You Always Wanted to Know about Cold Fusion Calorimetry
Preparata, G. (Italy) •
136
Material Science Studies
Progress Report on the Research Activities on Cold Fusion at ENEA Frascati
De Marco, F. (Italy)
145
Search for Neutron Emissions Induced by Electric Currents and Phase Transitions in Titanium Deuteride Films
Cuevas, F. (Spain)
154
Calorimetric Enthalpies in the ß—Phase Regions of Pd Black-H(D) Systems
Sakamoto, Y. (Japan)
162
Parameters Affecting the Loading of Hydrogen Isotopes into Palladium Cathodes
Tanzella, F. L. (U.S.A.)
171
Sustentation of Higher Deuterium Loading Ratio in Palladium
Terazawa, T. (Japan)
179
Loading Ratio Study in a Gas-Loading System
Bu, F. S. (China)
187
Selection of Palladium Metallurgical Parameters to Achieve Very High Loading Ratios
De Ninno, A. (Italy)
192
A Possible Phase Transition in a Gas-Loading D Pd System
Huang, G. S. (China)
198
Effect of Cold Work of Palladium on Electrolytic Hydrogen Absorption
Kamiya, N. (Japan)
203
Electrochemical Loading of Hydrogen and Deuterium into Palladium and Palladium-Boron Alloys
Miles, M. H. (U.S.A.)
208
In Situ Potentio, Resisto and Dilatometric Measurement of Repeated Hydrogen Absorption in Pd Electrode by Electrochemical Cathodic Loading Method
Numata H. (‘Japan)
213
Quantum Mechanical Description of a Lattice Ion Trap : Deuteron Approaching Mechanism in Condensed Matter
Violante v (Italy)221
221
Observations of Strong Resistivity Reduction in a Palladium Thin Long Wire using UltraHigh Frequency Pulsed Electrolysis at D/Pd> 1
Celani, F. (Italy)
228
In Situ Interferometric Microscopy of Pd Electrode Surface and Calorimetry during Electrolysis of D20 Solution Containing Sulfur Ion
Oyama, N. (Japan)•
234
The Effect of Microstructure on Deuterium Loading in Palladium Cathodes
Dominguez, D. D. (U.S.A.)
239
Surface Composition of Pd Cathodes
Hagans, P. L. (U.S.A.).
249
Nuclear Physics Approach
Reaction Rates of the D + D Reaction in Metal at Very Low Energies
Kasagi, J. (Japan)
259
Optical Theorem Formulation and Nuclear Physics Mechanisms for Gamow Factor Cancellation in Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions
Kim, Y. E. (U.S.A.)
265
Correlation between Behavior of Deuterium in Palladium and Occurrence of Nuclear Reactions Observed by Simultaneous Measurement of Excess Heat and Nuclear Products
Iwamura, Y. (Japan) •
274
Search for Nuclear Reaction Products in Heat-Producing Palladium
Passell, T. O. (U.S.A.)
282
Search for Neutrons Emitted from Sodium Tungsten Bronzes
Aoki, T. (Japan)
300
About Nuclear Coulomb Barrier and the Electron Over-Concentration
Chicea, D. (Romania) 305
305
On the Cold Fusion Miracles
Chen, S. K. (Taiwan)
309
Hidden Results of the Ion Band State Theory
Chubb, S. R. (U.S.A.)
315
A Model for Neutron Emission from Condensed Matter
Tani, T. (Japan)
319
Comment on Exact Upper Bound on Barrier Penetration Probabilities in Many-Body Systems
Kim, Y. E. (U.S.A.)
324
Analysis of the Electrolytic Cold Fusion Experiments on TNCF Model
Kozima, H. (Japan)
327
On the Existence of the Trapped Thermal Neutron in Cold Fusion Materials
Kozima, H. (Japan)
332
The Theory of Bose-Einstein Condensation in Finite System for Explanation of Cold Fusion
Peng, K. (China)
337
The Nuclear Reactions in Condensed Media for Interaction of Charge Particles in Energy Region is Forming by Maximum Elastic Losses
Romodanov, V. A. (Russia)
340
Investigation of Nuclear Emissions in the Process of D(H) Escaping from Deuterized (Hydrogenized) PdO-Pd-PdO and PdO-Pd-Ag Samples
Roussetski, A. S. (Russia)
345
Detection for Nuclear Products in Transport Experiments of Deuterium through Palladium Metals
Shinojima, H. (Japan)
351
Search for Anomalous Nuclear Reactions in PdDx by Detection of Nuclear Products in Vacuum/ Gas System
Taniguchi, M. (Japan)
356
Diagnosis of Neutrons from the Gas Discharge Facility
Wang, (China)
361
Search for Tritium in Pd + D Systems by a Gas Proportional Chamber
Yoshikawa, N. (Japan)
365
Hydrogen Isotope Effect Induced by Neutron Irradiation in PD-LIOD (H) Electrolysis
Oya, Y. (Japan)
370
Deuteron Fusion Experiments in Metal Foils Implanted with Deuteron Beams
Ochiai, K. (Japan)
377
Anomalous Energy Transfer between Nuclei and the Lattice
Hagelstein, P. L. (U.S.A.)
382
Tritium, Neutron, and Radicarbon Registration with the Yusmar Hydrofacility Running
Bazhutov, Y. N. (Russia)
387
Possibility of Radioactive Waste Utilization in terms of the Erzion Model
Bazhutov, Y. N. (Russia)
392
Erzion Model of Catalytic Nuclear Transmutation and its Interpretation of Ball-Lightning and Other Anomalous Geophysical Phenomena
Bazhutov, Y. N. (Russia)
396
Anomalous Phenomena in E < 18KeV Hydrogen Ion Beam Implantation Experiments on Pd and Ti
Wang, T. (China)
401
Interpretation of Excess Energy in terms of Quasi-Atom Multi-Body Model
Wang, T. (China)
405
Observation of Nuclear Products in Gas Release Experiments with Electrochemically Deuterated Palladium
Itoh, T. (Japan)
410
Appendix
Authors’ Index
Volume 2
Excess Energy and Nuclear Products
Radiationless Cold Fusion : Why Small “Crystals” are Better, Ncen Requirement, and Energy Transfer to Lattice
Chubb, T. A. (U.S.A.).
417
Measurements of Excess Heat and Nuclear Products in Pd-D20 System using Twin Open Type Electrolysis Cells
Fukuoka, H. (Japan)
425
Excess Heat Production and Nuclear Ash in PdO/Pd/PdO Heterostructure after Electrochemical Saturation with Deuterium
Lipson, A. G. (Russia)
433
Dynamic Movement of Hydrogen Isotopes in Pulse Mode Electrolysis
Oya, Y. (Japan)
448
Correlation of Excess Heat Generation and Neutron Emission in Pd-LiOD Electrolysis
Ogawa, H. (Japan)
“Excess Heat” Measurement in Gas-Loading D Pd System
Li, X. Z. (China)
455
Excess Heat Registration in High Current Density Glow Discharge with Various Cathode Materials
Karabut, A. (Russia)
463
Registration of High-Energy Products in High Current Density Glow Discharge Karabut, A. (Russia)
Karabut, A. (Russia)
468
Possible Phenomenologycal Model of Initiation of Nuclear Reactions in Solid
Karabut, A. (Russia)
473
Chemical Changes and Excess Heat caused by Electrolysis with H2SO,-D20 Electrolyte
Dash, J. (U.S.A.)
477
From “Cold Fusion” to ”Hydrex” and ”Deutex” States of Hydrogen
Dufour, J. J. (France)
482
Improved, Open Cell, Heat Conduction, Isoperibolic Calorimetry
Miles, M. H. (U.S.A.)
496
Slow Nuclear Excitation Model
Kucherov, Y. (U.S.A.)
502
“Fine Tuning” Mechanism for Resonace Tunneling in D/ Pd Systems
Li, X. Z. (China)
507
Cold Fusion and Electrophysical Processes in Ferroelectric Deuterated Crystals. Influence of Thermal Neutron Background Level, D-H Substitution and Crystal Mass
Lipson, A. G. (Russia)
512
x
Electron-Ion Bound State and its Introducing of Nuclear Fusion and Solar Flare
Lu, R. (China)
519
Reply to S. E. Jones and L. D. Hansen Concerning Claims of Miles, et al. in Pons-FleischmannType Cold Fusion Experiments
Miles, M. H. (U.S.A.)
524
Field Screened Long Range Nuclear Reactions by Thermal Protons
Hora, H. (Australia)
529
Heat Measurement During the Electrolysis Using Modified Palladium Cathode
Ota, K. (Japan)
535
Triode Cell Experiments for Controlled Fleischmann/ Pons Effect
Ragland, E. L. (U.S.A.)
540
Anomalous Increase in Excess Heat in Electrolysis of Heavy Water and Light Water for use of Drilled Cathode of Charcoal
Takahashi, R. (Japan)
546
The Relationship of Crystal Structure Transition of Ti-Cathode and “Excess Heat” on Cold Fusion
Zhang, Q. (China)
551
A Confirmation of Anomalous Thermal Power Generation from a Proton Conducting Oxide
Oriani, R. A. (U.S.A.)
557
Solid Protonic Conductors : Conductivity, Structure, Proton Traps, Phase Transitions, Excess Heat and Neutron Anti-Effect
Samgin, A. L. (Russia)
564
X-Ray Diagnosis in Gas Discharge
Chen, S. (China)
571
Transmutation Phenomena in the Palladium Cathode after Ions Irradiation at the Glow Discharge
Savvatimova, I. B. (Russia)
575
Concentrated Energy and Micro Nuclear Fusion
Jiang, X. L. (China)
580
Tritium Generations at Transfusion of Hydrogen Isotops through Target in Plasma of Powerful Glow Discharge
Romodanov, V. A. (Russia)
585
Nuclear Reactions at Effect of Ions Deuterium on Ceramic Materials from Plasmas of Glow Discharge
Romodanov, V. A. (Russia)
590
Energy Generation Processes and Cold Nuclear Fusion in terms of Schrodinger Equation
Sapogin, L. G. (Russia)
595
New Experimental Results and Analysis of Anomalous Phenomenon in Gas Discharge
Zhang, X. W. (China)
600
Structural Changes of Single Crystals in Neutron Generation Experiments
Samgin, A. L. (Russia)
606
Carbon Production on Palladium Point Electrode with Neutron Burst under DC Glow Discharge in Pressurized Deuterium Gas
Yamada, H. (Japan)
610
A Study of the Mechano-Nuclear Interaction using Piezoelectric Material of LiNb03 in Atmosphere : Dependence of D2 Gas Atmospheric Pressure
Utsumi, M. (Japan)
615
“Preliminary Study on Tritium and Elements Transmutation in Water under Simulated Aerospatial Conditions
Liu, C. B. (China)
619
Nuclear Products Associated with the Pons and Fleischmann Effect; Helium Commensurate to Heat Generation, Calorimetry and Radiation
Bush, B. F. (U.S.A.)
622
Special Session
CETI Session
Quantitative Observation of Transmutation Products Occurring in Thin-Film Coated Microspheres During Electrolysis
Miley, G. H. (U.S.A.)
629
Electrochemistry and Calorimetry in a Packed-Bed Flow-Through Electrochemical Cell
McKubre, M. C. H. (U.S.A.)
645
Transmutation
Analysis of Nickel-Hydrogen Isotope System on TNCF Model
Kozima, H. (Japan)
655
Nuclear Transmutation in Cold Fusion Experiments
Kozima, H. (Japan)
660
Isotopic Distribution for the Elements Evolved in Palladium Cathode after Electrolysis in D20 Solution
Mizuno, T. (Japan)
665
Production of Heavy Metal Elements and the Anomalous Surface Structure of the Electrode Produced during the Light Water Electrolysis on Au Electrode
Ohmori, T. (Japan)
670
Nuclear Reaction Caused by Electrolysis in Light and Heavy Water Solutions
Notoya, R. (Japan)
675
The Experimental Discovery of the Phenomenon of Controlling and Changing Probability and Time of Spontaneous Decay and Gamma-Transmutation of Excited Nuclei Statuses
Vysotskii, V. I. (Ukraine)
680
Experimental Discovery of the Phenomenon of Low-Energy Nuclear Transmutation of Isotopes (Mn55 •Fe57) in Growing Biological Cultures
Vysotskii, V. I. (Ukraine)
687
Russian Activities
Cold Fusion Activities in Russia
Tsarev, V. (Russia)
695
Summary
Nuclear Products in Cold Fusion Experiments Comments and Remarks after ICCF-6
Bressani, T. (Italy)
703
Appendix
Authors’ Index

V21

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Condensed Matter Nucl. Sci. 21 (2016) 1–96

©2016 ISCMNS. All rights reserved. ISSN   2227-3123

JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE

Volume 21
CONTENTS
PREFACE
RESEARCH ARTICLES
A Tribute to Georges Lonchampt
Jean-Paul Biberian
1
An Historical Experiment of Neutron Detection Near an Electrolytic Cell
Michel Buxerolle and Jacques Kurkdjian
7
Characterization of Energy Fluxes in LENR Reactors –Excess Heat, Coefficient of Performance and Conditions for Self-sustained Operation
Jacques Ruer
13
Proton Conductors: Nanometric Cavities, H2 Precipitates under Pressure, and Rydberg Matter Formation
François de Guerville
26
Relativity and Electron Deep Orbits of the Hydrogen Atom
J.L. Paillet and A. Meulenberg
40
The Dark side of Gravity and LENR
Frederic Henry-Couannier
59
Investigations of the Lugano HotCat Reactor
Mathieu Valat, Alan Goldwater, Robert Greenyer, Robert Higgins and Ryan Hunt
81

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Condensed Matter Nucl. Sci. 20 (2016) 1–225
©2016 ISCMNS. All rights reserved. ISSN   2227-3123

JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE

Volume 20 (2016)
CONTENTS
EDITORIAL
RESEARCH ARTICLES
Attempted Replication of Excess Heat in the Letts Dual-laser Experiment
Mason J. Guffey, Yang Tang and P.J. King
1
Optical Detection of Phonon Gain Distinguishes an Active Cold Fusion/LANR component (3)
Mitchell R. Swartz
29
Models for the Phase Diagram of Palladium Hydride Including O-site and T-site Occupation
Peter L. Hagelstein
54
Anomalous Energy Produced by PdD
Edmund Storms
81
How Basic Behavior of LENR can Guide. A Search for an Explanation
Edmund Storms
100
Quantum Composites: A Review, and New Results for Models for Condensed Matter Nuclear Science
P.L. Hagelstein
139

V19

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Proceedings of the ICCF 19 Conference April 13–17, 2015, Padua, Italy

Volume 19, June 2016
© 2016 ISCMNS. All rights reserved. ISSN 2227-3123

Condensed Matter Nucl. Sci. 19 (2016) 1–335<
©2019 ISCMNS. All rights reserved. ISSN 2227-3123

JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE

Volume 19 (2016)
CONTENTS
PREFACE
RESEARCH ARTICLES
Effect of Cathode Pretreatment and Chemical Additives on H/D Absorption into Palladium via Electrochemical Permeation
Orchideh Azizi, Jinghao He, Dan T. Paterson, Arik El-Boher, Dennis Pease and Graham Hubler
1
Calorimetric and Radiation Diagnostics of Water Solutions Under Intense Light Irradiation
Yu.N. Bazhutov, A.I. Gerasimova, V.V. Evmenenko, V.P. Koretskiy, A.G. Parkhomov and Yu.A. Sapozhnikov
10
Yet Another LENR Theory: Electron-mediated Nuclear Reactions (EMNR)
Andrea Calaon
17
Observation of Macroscopic Current and Thermal Anomalies, at High Temperature, by Hetero-structures in Thin and Long Constantan Wires Under H2Gas
Francesco Celani, A. Spallone, B. Ortenzi, S. Pella, E. Purchi, F. Santandrea, S. Fiorilla,Nuvoli, M. Nakamura, P. Cirilli, P. Boccanera and L. Notargiacomo
29
Off-mass-shell Particles and LENR
Mark Davidson
46
Quantum Tunneling in Breather ‘Nano-colliders’
V.I. Dubinko
56
Final Report on Calorimetry-based Excess Heat Trials using Celani Treated NiCuMn (Constantan) Wires
Arik El-Boher, William Isaacson, Orchideh Azizi, Jinghao He, Dennis Pease and Graham Hubler
68
Integrated Policymaking for Realizing Benefits and Mitigating Impacts of LENR
Thomas W. Grimshaw
88
Current Status of the Theory and Modeling Effort based on Fractionation
Peter L. Hagelstein
98
Seeking X-rays and Charge Emission from a Copper Foil Driven at MHz Frequencies
F.L. Tanzella, J. Bao, M.C.H. McKubre and P.L. Hagelstein
110
The Launch of a New Plan on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science at Tohoku University
Yasuhiro Iwamura, Jirohta Kasagi, Hidetoshi Kikunaga, Hideki Yoshino, Takehiko Itoh, Masanao Hattori and Tadahiko Mizuno
119
Pictorial Description for LENR in Linear Defects of a Lattice
J. Kasagi and Y. Honda
127
Effect of Minority Atoms of Binary Ni-based Nano-composites on Anomalous Heat Evolution under Hydrogen Absorption
A. Kitamura, A. Takahashi, R. Seto, Y. Fujita, A. Taniike and Y. Furuyama
135
High-energetic Nano-cluster Plasmoid and its Soft X-ray Radiation Energy Release and Transmutation of Chemical Elements
A. Klimov, A. Grigorenko, A. Efimov, N. Evstigneev, O. Ryabkov, M. Sidorenko, A. Soloviev and B. Tolkunov
145
in Cold Heterogeneous Plasmoids
A. Klimov
155
Lithium – An Important Additive in Condensed Matter Nuclear Science
Chang L. Liang, Zhan M. Dong, Yun P. Fu and Xing Z. Li
164
LENR Anomalies in Pd–H2 Systems Submitted to Laser Stimulation
Ubaldo Mastromatteo
173
Cold Fusion – CMNS – LENR; Past, Present and Projected Future Status
Michael C.H. McKubre
183
Nature of the Deep-Dirac Levels
Andrew Meulenberg and Jean-Luc Paillet
192
Basis for Femto-molecules and -Ions Created from Femto-atoms
Andrew Meulenberg and Jean-Luc Paillet
202
Excerpts From Martin Fleischmann Letters
Melvin H. Miles
210
High Energy Density and Power Density Events in Lattice-enabled Nuclear Reaction Experiments and Generators
David J. Nagel and Alex E. Moser
219
Basis for Electron Deep Orbits of the Hydrogen Atom
Jean-Luc Paillet and Andrew Meulenberg
230
Research into Heat Generators Similar to High-temperature Rossi Reactor
A.G. Parkhomov and E.O. Belousova
244
Search for Low-energy X-ray and Particle Emissions from an Electrochemical Cell
Dennis Pease, Orchideh Azizi, Jinghao He, Arik El-Boher, Graham K. Hubler, Sango Bok, Cherian Mathai, Shubhra Gangopadhyay, Stefano Lecci and Vittorio Violante
257
Investigation of Enhancement and Stimulation of DD-reaction Yields in Crystalline Deuterated Heterostructures at Low Energies using the HELIS Ion Accelerator
A.S.Rusetskiy, A.V.Bagulya, O.D.Dalkarov, M.A.Negodaev, A.P.Chubenko, B.F.Lyakhov, E.I. Saunin and V.G. Ralchenko
264
The Center to Study Anomalous Heat Effects [AHE] at Texas Tech University
Tara A. Scarborough, Robert Duncan, Michael C.H. McKubre and Vittorio Violante
274
Is the Abundance of Elements in Earth’s Crust Correlated with LENR Transmutation Rates?
Felix Scholkmann and David J. Nagel
281
Impact of Electrical Avalanche through a ZrO2–NiD Nanostructured CF/LANR Component on its Incremental Excess Power Gain
Mitchell R. Swartz, Gayle Verner and Peter L. Hagelstein
287
Fundamental of Rate Theory for CMNS
Akito Takahashi
298
Theoretical Study of the Transmutation Reactions
T. Toimela
316
Heat Production and RF Detection during Cathodic Polarization of Palladium in 0.1 M LiOD
Vittorio Violante, E. Castagna, S. Lecci, G. Pagano, M. Sansovini and F. Sarto
319
Electromagnetic Emission in the kHz to GHz Range Associated with Heat Production During Electrochemical Loading of Deuterium into Palladium: A Summary and Analysis of Results Obtained by Different Research Groups
Felix Scholkmann, David J. Nagel and Louis F. DeChiaro
325

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Condensed Matter Nucl. Sci. 18 (2016) 1–75
©2016 ISCMNS. All rights reserved. ISSN    2227-3123

JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE

 

Volume 18

CONTENTS
EDITORIAL
RESEARCH ARTICLES

2016
From Dark Gravity to LENR
Frederic Henry-Couannier
1
Study on the Phenomenon Reported “Neutron Generation at Room Temperature in a Cylinder Packed with Titanium Shavings and Pressurized Deuterium Gas” (3)
Takayoshi Asami, Giacomo Giorgi, Koichi Yamashita and Paola Belanzoni
24
A Technique for Making Nuclear Fusion in Solids
R. Wayte
36
Arguments for the Anomalous Solutions of the Dirac Equations
Jean-Luc Paillet and Andrew Meulenberg
50

 

 

V17

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Condensed Matter Nucl. Sci. 17 (2015) 1–123

©2015 ISCMNS. All rights reserved. ISSN    2227-3123

JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE

Volume 17

CONTENTS
EDITORIAL
RESEARCH ARTICLES

2015
Strained Layer Ferromagnetism in Transition Metals and its Impact Upon Low Energy Nuclear Reactions
Louis F. DeChiaro, Lawrence P. Forsley and Pamela Mosier-Boss
1
Nuclear Exothermic Reactions in Lattices: A Theoretical Study of D–D Reaction
Fulvio Frisone
27
Empirical Models for Octahedral and Tetrahedral Occupation in PdH and in PdD at High Loading
Peter L. Hagelstein
35
O-site and T-site Occupation of α-phase PdHx and PdDx
Peter L. Hagelstein
67
On the Path Leading To The Fleischmann–Pons Effect
Stanislaw Szpak
91
Cold Nuclear Fusion in Metal Environment
E.N. Tsyganov, M.D. Bavizhev, M.G. Buryakov, V.M. Golovatyuk, S.P. Lobastov and S.B. Dabagov
96
Silica Favours Bacterial Growth Similar to Carbon
N. Vasanthi, S. Anthoni Raj and Lilly M. Saleena
111
Thermal Analysis of Explosions in an Open Palladium/Deuterium Electrolytic System
Wu-Shou Zhang, Xin-Wei Zhang, Da-Lun Wang, Jian-Guo Qin and Yi-Bei Fu
116

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Condensed Matter Nucl. Sci. 16 (2015) 1–63
©2015 ISCMNS. All rights reserved. ISSN   2227-3123

JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE

Volume 16 (2015)
CONTENTS
PREFACE
OBITUARY NOTE
The Latest Environmental Contributions of John O’Mara Bockris
Solomon Zaromb
3
In the Spirit of John Bockris
Edmund Storms
8
Remembering John Bockris
Dennis Letts
10
Personal Recollections of John O’Mara Bockris
Michael C.H. McKubre
11
RESEARCH ARTICLES
Thermodynamic and Kinetic Observations Concerning the D + D Fusion Reaction for the Pd/D System
Melvin H. Miles
17
Equation of State and Fugacity Models for H2 and for D2
Peter L. Hagelstein
23
Deuterium Evolution Reaction Model and the Fleischmann–Pons Experiment
Peter L. Hagelstein
46

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Condensed Matter Nucl. Sci. 15 (2015) 1–327
©2015 ISCMNS. All rights reserved. ISSN   2227-3123

JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE

Volume 15  (2015)

CONTENTS
PREFACE Rob Duncan
RESEARCH ARTICLES

Flux Effects in Metal Hydrogen Loading: Enhanced Mass Transfer
M.C.H. McKubre and Francis L. Tanzella
1
Nuclear Products of Cold Fusion by TSC Theory
Akito Takahashi
11
Anomalous Exothermic and Endothermic Data Observed by Nano-Ni-Composite Samples
Akito Takahashi, A. Kitamura, R. Seto, Y. Fujita, Taniike, Y. Furuyama, T. Murota and T. Tahara
23
Energetic Particles Generated in Earlier Pd + D Nuclear Reactions
D.Z. Zhou, C. Wang, Y.Q. Sun, J.B. Liang, G.W. Zhu, L.P.G. Forsley, X.Z. Li, P.A. Mosier-Boss and F.E. Gordon
33
Excess Power during Electrochemical Loading: Materials, Electrochemical Conditions and Techniques
Violante, E. Castagna, S. Lecci, F. Sarto, M. Sansovini, T.D. Makris, A. Torre, D. Knies, D. Kidwell, K. Grabowski, D. Dominguez, G. Hubler, R. Duncan, A. El Boher, O. Azizi, M. McKubre and A. La Gatta
44
Conservation of E and M, Single Cavitation Heat Events
Roger S. Stringham
55
Amplification and Restoration of Energy Gain Using Fractionated Magnetic Fields on ZrO2–PdD Nanostructured Components
Mitchell Swartz, Gayle Verner, Jeffrey Tolleson, Leslie Wright, Richard Goldbaum and Peter Hagelstein
66
Imaging of an Active NANOR®-type LANR Component using CR-39
Mitchell R. Swartz, Gayle Verner, Jeffrey Tolleson, Leslie Wright, Richard Goldbaum, Pamela Mosier-Boss and Peter L. Hagelstein81 Dmitriyeva, R. Cantwell and M. McConnell,
81
IncrementalHighEnergyEmissionfromaZrO2–PdD Nanostructured Quantum Electronic Component CF/LANR
Mitchell Swartz
92
Entrepreneurial Efforts: Cold Fusion Research at JET Energy Leads to Innovative, Dry Components
Mitchell Swartz
102
Femto-Helium and PdD Transmutation
A. Meulenberg
106
Pictorial Description for LENR in Linear Defects of a Lattice
A. Meulenberg
117
Radiation Coupling: Nuclear Protons to Deep-Orbit-Electrons, then to the Lattice
A. Meulenberg
125
Revisiting the Early BARC Tritium Results
Mahadeva Srinivasan
137
Piezonuclear Fission Reactions Simulated by the Lattice Model
A. Carpinteri, A. Manuello, D. Veneziano and N.D. Cook
149
Hydrogen Embrittlement and Piezonuclear Reactions in Electrolysis Experiments
A. Carpinteri, O. Borla, A. Manuello, D. Veneziano and A. Goi
162
Neutron Isotope Theory of LENR Processes
John C. Fisher
183
Pressurized Plasma Electrolysis Experiments
Jean-Paul Biberian, Mathieu Valat, Walter Sigaut, Pierre Clauzon and Jean-François Fauvarque
190
Numerical Modeling of H2 Molecule Formation within Near-surface Voids in Pd and Ni Metals in the Presence of Impurities
O. Dmitriyeva, R. Cantwell and M. McConnell
195
Possibility of Tachyon Monopoles Detected in Photographic Emulsions
Keith A. Fredericks
203
A Mass-Flow-Calorimetry System for Scaled-up Experiments on Anomalous Heat Evolution at Elevated Temperatures
A. Kitamura, A. Takahashi, R. Seto, Y. Fujita, A. Taniike and Y. Furuyama
231
Hydrogen Absorption and Excess Heat in a Constantan Wire with Nanostructured Surface
U. Mastromatteo, A. Bertelè and F. Celani
240
Celani’s Wire Excess Heat Effect Replication
Mathieu Valat, Ryan Hunt and Bob Greenyer
246
Water-free Replication of Pons–Fleischmann LENR
William H. McCarthy
256
Surface Preparation of Materials for LENR: Femtosecond Laser Processing
Scott A. Mathews, David J. Nagel, Brandon Minor and Alberto Pique
268
LENR Excess Heat may not be Entirely from Nuclear Reactions
David J. Nagel and Roy A. Swanson
279
The Case for Deuteron Stripping with Metal Nuclei as the Source of the Fleischmann–Pons Excess Heat Effect
Thomas O. Passell
288
Explaining Cold Fusion
Edmund Storms
295
Progress in Development of Diamond-based Radiation Sensor for Use in LENR Experiments
Charles Weaver, Mark Prelas, Haruetai Kasiwattanawut, Joongmoo Shim, Matthew Watermann, Cherian Joseph Mathai, Shubra Gangopadhyay and Eric Lukosi
305
Investigation of Possible Neutron Production by D/Ti Systems under High Rates of Temperature Change
Charles Weaver, Mark Prelas, Joongmoo Shimn, Haruetai Kasiwattanawut, Shubhra Gangopadhyay and Cherian Mathai
314
Lessons from Cold Fusion Archives and from History
Jed Rothwell
321

 

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Two papers showed Acrobat errors when split. These papers were then “printed as PDF” from the stripped file, but weirdly one ends up as much larger than the stripped file source itself, even after compression. That is the paper from page 87, 3.8 MB, which may also be read from the stripped copy, http://coldfusioncommunity.net/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/stripped_JCMNS-Vol14.pdf#page=87. All these papers may be read from the stripped copy, the page command matches the page number in the table of contents.

Front matter  includes title pages, copyright, table of contents, and the “editorial.” 


Condensed Matter Nucl. Sci. 14 (2014) 1–107

©2014 ISCMNS. All rights reserved. ISSN  2227-3123

JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE

RESEARCH ARTICLES

Volume 14 (2014)
CONTENTS
EDITORIAL
LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Comment on the Article ‘Simulation of Crater Formation on LENR Cathodes Surfaces’
M. Tsirlin
1
Response to Comment on the Article ‘Simulation of Crater Formation on LENR Cathodes Surfaces’
Jacques Ruer
5
Evidence for Excess Energy in Fleischmann–Pons-Type Electrochemical Experiments D.D. Dominguez, A.E. Moser and J.H. He 15
The Use of CR-39 Detectors in LENR Experiments
P.A. Mosier-Boss, L.P.G. Forsley and P.J. McDaniel
29
Transient Vacancy Phase States in Palladium after High Dose-rate Electron Beam Irradiation
Mitchell Swartz and Peter L. Hagelstein
50
On the Mechanism of Tritium Production in Electrochemical Cells
Stanislaw Szpak and Frank Gordon
61
The Pd + D Co-Deposition: Process, Product, Performance
Stanislaw Szpak
68
Cathode to Electrolyte Transfer of Energy Generated in the Fleischmann–Pons Experiment
Stanislaw Szpak and Frank Gordon
76
Sonofusion: Ultrasound-Activated He Production in Circulating D2O
Roger S. Stringham
79
Low-energy Nuclear Reactions Driven by Discrete Breathers
V.I. Dubinko
87

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Front matter includes title pages, copyright, table of contents, and the preface.

JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE

Experiments and Methods in Cold Fusion

VOLUME 22, February 2017

Condensed Matter Nucl. Sci. 22 (2017) 1–73

©2017 ISCMNS. All rights reserved. ISSN    2227-3123

JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE

Volume 22 (2017)

CONTENTS

PREFACE

RESEARCH ARTICLES

CR-39 Detector Track Characterization in Experiments with Pd/D Co-deposition
Andriy Savrasov, Viktor Prokopenko and Eugene Andreev
1
Basic Design Considerations for Industrial LENR Reactors Jacques Ruer 7
On Plausible Role of Classical Electromagnetic Theory and Submicroscopic Physics to understand and Enhance Low Energy Nuclear Reaction: A Preliminary Review
Victor Christianto, Yunita Umniyati and Volodymyr Krasnoholovets
27
Oscillating Excess Power Gain and Magnetic Domains in NANOR®-type CF/LANR Components
Mitchell R. Swartz
35
Development of a Cold Fusion Science and Engineering Course
Gayle M. Verner, Mitchell R. Swartz and Peter L. Hagelstein
47
Probabilistic Models for Beam, Spot, and Line Emission for Collimated X-ray Emission in the Karabut Experiment
Peter L. Hagelstein
53

V23

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source page:  http://www.iscmns.org/CMNS/JCMNS-Vol23.pdf, 121 pp., 7.1 MB. All pages hosted here have been compressed, see the source for full resolution if needed.  stripped_JCMNS-Vol23, 116 pp., 1.8 MB, is all research pages, so that pdf pages and as-published pages are the same. All files may have undiscovered errors. Please note any problems in comments.

Front matter  includes title pages, copyright, photo of table of contents, and the preface.

JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE

Experiments and Methods in Cold Fusion

Proceedings of the 11th International Workshop on Anomalies in Hydrogen Loaded Metals, Toulouse, October 15–16, 2015

JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE

Volume 23                                                                                                                                                                                    2017

CONTENTS

PREFACE

RESEARCH ARTICLES

A Study on the Possibility of Initiating Tungsten Alpha Decay Using Electric Explosion 1
L.I. Urutskoev, D.V. Filippov, D.A. Voitenko, G.I. Astapenko, A.O. Birykov, A.A. Markoliya and K.A. Alabin

Simulation of the Behavior of Exotic Neutral Particles by a Monte-Carlo Modelisation 27
Jacques Ruer

Nuclear Catalysis Mediated by Localized Anharmonic Vibrations 45
Vladimir Dubinko

Electron Deep Orbits of the Hydrogen Atom 62
J.L. Paillet and A. Meulenberg

Calorimetric Investigation of Anomalous Heat Production in Ni–H Systems 85
K.P. Budko and A.I. Korshunov

Perspective on Low Energy Bethe Nuclear Fusion Reactor with Quantum Electronic Atomic Rearrangement of Carbon 91
Stephane Neuville

V24

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Front matter includes title pages, copyright, photo of Conference attendees, table of contents, and introductory remarks.

JOURNAL OF CONDENSED
MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE

Experiments and Methods in Cold Fusion
Proceedings of the 20th International Conference
on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science, Sendai,
Japan, October 02–07, 2016

VOLUME 24, October 2017

Table of Contents

Condensed Matter Nucl. Sci. 24 (2017) 1–311
©2017 ISCMNS. All rights reserved. ISSN   2227-3123

JOURNAL OF CONDENSED MATTER NUCLEAR SCIENCE

 

Volume 24

CONTENTS

[Opening comments]

Opening Address – Dr. Jirohta Kasagi 
Mayor’s Speech – Sendai City Mayor Emiko Okuyama
Welcome Address – Dr. Kimio Hanawa
Welcome Address – Dr. Hiroyuki Hama

RESEARCH ARTICLES

2017
The Fleischmann–Pons Calorimetric Methods, Equations and New Applications
Melvin H. Miles
1
CMNS Research – Past, Present and Future
Michael C.H. McKubre
15
Fluorescence-based Temperature Sensor for Anomalous Heat from Loaded Palladium Electrodes with Deuterium or Hydrogen
Sangho Bok, Cherian Mathai, Keshab Gangopadhyay, Shubhra Gangopadhyay, Orchideh Azizi, Jinghao He, Arik El-Boher, Graham Hubler and Dennis Pease
25
The Zitterbewegung Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics as Theoretical Framework for Ultra-dense Deuterium and Low Energy Nuclear Reactions
Francesco Celani, Antonino Oscar Di Tommaso and Giorgio Vassallo
32
Effects   of   D/Pd   Ratio   and   Cathode   Pretreatments   on   Excess   Heat   in   Closed Pd/D2O+D2SO4 Electrolytic Cells
Jie Gao, Wu-Shou Zhang and Jian-Jun Zhang
42
LENR Theory Requires a Proper Understanding of Nuclear Structure
Norman D. Cook
60
Catalytic Mechanism of LENR in Quasicrystals based on Localized Anharmonic Vibrations and Phasons
V. Dubinko, D. Laptev and K. Irwin
75
Statistical Mechanics Models for PdHx and PdDx
Peter L. Hagelstein
87
Developing Phonon–Nuclear Coupling Experiments with Vibrating Plates and Radiation Detectors
Florian Metzler, Peter L. Hagelstein and Siyuan Lu
98
Coupling between the Center of Mass and Relative Degrees of Freedom in a Relativistic Quantum Composite and Applications
Peter L. Hagelstein and Irfan U. Chaudhary
114
Stabilization of Nano-sized Pd Particles under Hydrogen Atmosphere
T. Hioki, A. Ichiki and T. Motohiro
123
Increased PdD anti-Stokes Peaks are Correlated with Excess Heat Mode
Mitchell R. Swartz and Peter L. Hagelstein
130
Fusion of Light Atomic Nuclei in Vacuum and in Solids and Two Ways of Mastering Nuclear Fusion Energy
V.F. Zelensky
146
Experimental Device of Cold HD-Fusion Energy Development and Testing (Verification Experiment)
V.F. Zelensky, V.O. Gamov, A.L. Ulybkin and V.D. Virich
168
Anomalous Excess Heat Generated by the Interaction between Nano-structured Pd/Ni Surface and D2 Gas
Takehiko Itoh, Yasuhiro Iwamura, Jirohta Kasagi and Hiroki Shishido
179
Replication Experiments at Tohoku University on Anomalous Heat Generation Using Nickel-based Binary Nanocomposites and Hydrogen Isotope Gas
Y. Iwamura, T. Itoh, J. Kasagi, A. Kitamura, A. Takahashi and K. Takahashi
191
Collaborative Examination on Anomalous Heat Effect Using Nickel-based Binary Nanocomposites Supported by Zirconia
C.R. Narayanaswamy
202
Implications of the Electron Deep Orbits for Cold Fusion and Physics – Deep-orbit-electron Models in LENR: Present and Future
Andrew Meulenberg and Jean-Luc Paillet
214
Physical Reasons for Accepting the Deep-Dirac Levels– Physical Reality vs Mathematical Models in LENR
Andrew Meulenberg and Jean-Luc Paillet
230
Fundamental Experimental Tests toward Future Cold Fusion Engine Based on Point compression due to Supermulti-jets Colliding with Pulse (Fusine)
Ken Naitoh, Jumpei Tuschiya, Ken Ayukawa, Susumu Oyanagi, Takuto Kanase, Kohta Tsuru and Remi Konagaya
236
Observation of Anomalous Production of Si and Fe in an Arc Furnace Driven Ferro Silicon Smelting Plant at levels of Tons per day
C.R. Narayanaswamy
244
Physical Model of Energy Fluctuation Divergence
K. Okubo and K. Umeno
252
Advance on Electron Deep Orbits of the Hydrogen Atom
Jean-Luc Paillet and Andrew Meulenberg
258
Evidence for Nuclear Transmutations in Ni–H Electrolysis
K.P. Rajeev and D. Gaur
278
Helium Measurements From Target Foils, LANL and PNNL, 1994
Roger Sherman Stringham
284
Plasmonic Concepts for Condensed Matter Nuclear Fusion
Katsuaki Tanabe
296
Controlled Electron Capture: Enhanced Stimulation and Calorimetry Methods
Francis Tanzella, Robert Godes, Rogelio Herrera and Cedric Eveleigh
301

 

United States Government LENR Energy 2018

Original here. copied, page version as of 8/10/2018. See comment below for edition date information.

Section header links added by Abd.

Review comments inserted in indented italics by Abd.

Image of U.S. Capitol

The government of the United States of America has filed many ‘cold fusion’ patents. These low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) patents take time to develop, often a number of years before filing with a patent office; each being a tedious project unto itself. One patent’s development began with a contract from NSWC, Indian Head Division in 2008, “Deuterium Reactor” US 20130235963 A1, by Pharis Edward Williams. This patent was not filed till 2012, after four years of development. Also, a delay can occur between the patent filing date and publication date if the patent is deemed a matter of national security. This may be the case with the 2007 SPAWAR patent, System and Method for Generating Particles US8419919B1, with a filing date of Sep. 21, 2007 and publication date of Apr. 16, 2013, a delay of six years. Usually a patent gets published (becomes exposed) within one or two years of the filing date, rarely longer; for a delay of six years there seems to be no other plausible explanation.

Greg often asserts a reason with a comment like “there seems to be no other plausible explanation.” There are always other explanations, some of which might be plausible, and absence of evidence is not evidence of absence, “explanations” are the same, it can be a failure of imagination, and I suggest keeping this in mind. Otherwise conspiracy theories can be built on what is not known. In this case, any patent relating to LENR might experience substantial delays in publication. Many are never granted, for various reasons. We do know that the SPAWAR patent involved what was, at one time, secret, the generation of neutrons, so what Greg suggests is plausible.

Greg does not provide links, which would be helpful. Links inserted above, and I will note inserted links that were not in the original post.

The Pharis patent was filed with a priority date of 2012-03-12. That application was abandoned, but it was renewed, apparently, 2013-09-12. As shown by Google, this came out of federally sponsored research, but there is no patent assignment shown.

$25,000 was received in 2008 from NSWC, Indian Head Division, to design experiments, review reports, and analyze data. The experiments verified heating using powered/granulated fuel.

The patent itself is naive, more or less an attempt to patent a theory revising basic theory, with no legs. I would predict rejection based on lack of clear enablement, if not for implausibility, as many similar patents have been rejected. Much of the application is irrelevant fluff. If granted, the patent would likely be worthless, unenforceable.

The SPAWAR patent was granted. Notice that it does not mention fusion. It does mention LENR, but as a general concept, LENR does not “enjoy” the massive negative information cascade that leads the USPTO to challenge plausibility for “cold fusion” patents. A security hold is quite plausible as an explanation for the delay. The patent claims reproducibility. That is not a proof that the method has actually been reproduced. If the patent had been held for general implausibility, I’d expect to see evidence of early rejection and the provision of evidence that it had actually been reproduced. Rather, this patent is based on work “reported” by SPAWAR. There were some rather fuzzy attempts at replication, this is not truly confirmed work. But it’s plausible, and, in fact, deserving of replication attempts. And it is now the basis for a possibly more useful technology, als0 plausible, as we will see.

U.S. LENR patent development has been funded through the Air Force, NASA, the Navy and many other Department of Defense labs. The government may retain rights to any of these LENR patents and control licensing agreements. Patent licensing may be granted to those who partnered with government labs in the development of LENR technology, as in SPAWAR JWK LENR technology and the Global Energy Corporation. Included with the patents in this review are U.S. Government funded LENR energy applied engineering programs and presentations, along with a few from related company partners.

There is no evidence shown that “patent development” has been funded. The Pharis patent looks to me to be a private effort by Pharis. However, where research was funded, the government may “retain rights.” The underlying Pharis work was apparently a small-scale consulting contract, $25,000 is small, and I have seen very shallow work that was funded with more than that. If push came to shove, Pharis needed to disclose that funding, but might claim that the patent was his own work, merely inspired by the contract. What rights the government might have, then . . . I’d ask a patent attorney.

A chronological review of U.S. funded ‘cold fusion’ projects and patents, accompanied with a list of the individuals, companies, universities and agencies involved may be helpful in understanding the history of, and to determine the direction of, United States of America government funded LENR energy technologies entering the marketplace.

There is no LENR technology actually entering the marketplace. There has always been a U.S. governmental interest in LENR, and the idea that LENR was actually rejected by the DOE reviews was never accurate. Indeed, it could be argued that in 2004, LENR was substantially accepted, there being major division of opinion among the experts on the panel. Given the extended interest, modest investment in consulting contracts and studies, and some experimental work (SRI was funded by DARPA for at least one major project) would be normal. What this is made to mean could be, and often is, exaggerated.

Boeing, General Electric and many others team up with NASA and the Federal Aviation Administration developing LENR aircraft. Both the SpaceWorks contract with NASA, NASA LENR patent citing the Widom/Larson theory, and the many University, NASA and Corporate joint LENR aerospace presentations point towards NASA partnering with private industry on spaceplanes and Mars. All of these efforts prepare the way for low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) non-radioactive nuclear flight (NRNF).

We have studied those situations. Widom/Larsen theory is warmed-over bullshit, highly implausible, rejected by physicists who accept LENR but reject the theory, because the theory would predict effects that are not observed (with even more implausible ad-hoc explanations of those non-observations, if they are not just ignored), and there is no confirmed technology even close to spaceflight application. There is an exception, possibly (the GEC work), but it, too, could be an extrapolation from unconfirmed results.

Boeing and others took on the task of identifying a series of highly speculative ideas for space flight, and LENR has been included. The reports indicate the problems as well. None of this indicates major progress in the basic science of LENR. Space flight and other major application would require reliable protocols, the first sign of which would be what is called a “lab rat” in the field, a reproducible experiment that can easily be replicated and studied. There is no plausible claim that such has ever been confirmed, and general agreement that it would be highly desirable. McKubre has stated that even modest reliability (say, excess heat in half the attempts) would be valuable.

The SPAWAR and JWK partnership developed a different form of LENR energy technology. SPAWAR JWK LENR technology transmutes nuclear waste to benign elements while creating high process heat. The SPAWAR JWK LENR tech group is partnered with Global Energy Corporation (GEC). Applied engineering has culminated in the GEC ‘GeNie’ LENR reactor(s) placed in unit with a helium closed-cycle gas turbine electrical generator. This unit is called the GEC ‘Small Modular Generator’ (SMG). Recent commercialization claims are, “GEC is currently negotiating several new SMG construction contracts ranging from 250MWe to 5GWe around the world”. This LENR energy technology leads towards massive electrical power generation and the worldwide cleanup of highly radioactive nuclear waste.

Again, unconfirmed claims of low-level experimental results are extrapolated to commercially useful levels. Generally, as an example, transmutation claims are not associated with heat measurements. There is no available evidence that the “GeNie” reactor actually exists as other than a concept, no evidence that it has ever actually been coupled with an electrical generator, no evidence that heat levels have been produced that could be so harnessed. But extrapolation of low-level results, often still controversial, to higher-level by scaling up, neglecting the reliability problem, i.e., assuming that it can be resolved, is not uncommon, and we have seen many announcements of vaporware. With alleged photos of products. Seeking investment. None of this proves that GEC does not have real devices that could be developed, but there is a lost opportunity cost of maybe a trillion dollars per year from delay in creating commercial LENR applications. So long delay is evidence of confident announcements being fluff.

And contracts may be negotiated based on fluff. They may provide for delivery of a product meeting specifications that cannot be met by any existing devices. It’s like an X-prize. It does not show that X actually exists, or even that it could ever exist, though X-prizes are not declared for anything considered actually impossible by the organization or person establishing the prize.

Recent Lead: NASA/PineScie is a another LENR energy pursuit, different than NASA/Widom Larson or SPAWAR JWK/GEC… Look to future collaboration and theoretical support in the development of various LENR reactor types, by NASA and PineScie, GEC and other spinoff companies.

Greg has sources for what he is claiming, but did not provide them in-line. So to review this takes more work than would otherwise be necessary if he merely cited what he was looking at. There are bloggers who just make claims, and don’t care about setting up conditions to support deeper consideration. Greg does have a list of sources at the end, not linked from the text. (and those were text URLs, not actual links. My blog software here (WordPress) automatically made those into links. Also I just created anchors to the sections of Greg’s post.

Googling PineSci pulls up many LENR community posts, but one of particular interest, which is a Greg Goble Google+ post.

It contains a link that come up with nothing. But it mentions a patent number, US20170263337A1/en

This, then, tells us what “PineScie” [sic] is, obviously a consulting company, “Pinesci consulting,” one of the assignees, along with NASA Glenn Research Center, apparently named after Vladimir Pines and

Editor Note: The following is not necessarily part of the review.

You may include it if you want to. 

“I began to compile this review in the fall of 2017. The reason being, I had asked a few editors of LENR news sites what they thought of the claims being made by Global Energy Corporation. Each editor asked me to provide any recent follow up to those claims. None that I could find; so I decided to compile this review as a frame of reference for the question: What are your opinions of these claims?” – Greg Goble

Please send edit suggestions or leads for the review.

gbgoble@gmail.com (415) 548-3735 -end editor note

United States Government LENR Energy 2018 is Open Source

This review will be updated as new information becomes available, the URL will remain the same. The most recent edition will always be what you see at http://gbgoble.kinja.com Permission is given for anyone to copy and use any part of this review.

Here is a quick link to Chapter 2 of this review:

United States Government LENR Energy 2018 Chapter 1 (edit 5/20/2018 -gbgoble)

1993 Air Force Patent “Method of maximizing anharmonic oscillations in deuterated alloys” US5411654A Filed: Jul. 2, 1993 GRANT issued: Feb. 5, 1995 – Inventors: Brian S. Ahern, Keith H. Johnson, Harry R. Clark Jr. – Assignee: Hydroelectron Ventures Inc, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, US Air Force – This invention was made with U.S. Government support under contract No. F19628-90-C-0002, awarded by the Air Force. The Government has certain rights in this invention. https://patents.google.com/patent/US5411654A

1996 Air Force Patent (a patent continuation) “Amplification of energetic reactions” US20110233061A1 Inventor: Brian S. Ahern – Filing date: Mar 25, 2011 Publication date: Sep 29, 2011. This invention was made with U.S. Government support under contract No. F19-6528-90-C-0002, awarded by the Air Force. The Government has certain rights in this invention. This application is a continuation of Ser. No. 08/331,007, filed Oct. 28, 1994, now abandoned, which is a division of Ser. No. 08/086,821, filed Jul. 2, 1993, now U.S. Pat. No. 5,411,654https://www.google.com/patents/US20110233061A1

2003 NASA LENR Report NASA / CR-2003-212169 “Advanced Energetics for Aeronautical Applications” David S. Alexander, MSE Technology Applications, Inc., Butte, Montana

3.1.5 Low Energy Nuclear Reactions

3.1.5.1 Electrochemically Induced Deuterium Fusion in Palladium

  • The first-discovered form of solid-state fusion was that achieved by electrochemically splitting heavy water in order to cause the deuterium to absorb into pieces of palladium metal. When this experiment is conducted according to procedures that have resulted from the work of many researchers since 1989, it is reproducible.

3.1.6 Nanofusion

3.1.6.1 Background Dr. Brian Ahern, whose background is physics and materials science, claims his nanofusion concept will take advantage of the demonstrated fact that nanosize particles (containing approximately 1,000 to 3,000 atoms) have different chemical and physical properties than bulk-size pieces of the same material. One reason Dr. Ahern gives for this is explained as given below.

  • When a particle of a substance consists of 1,000 to 3,000 atoms in a cluster, there is a higher fraction of surface atoms than for atoms in a bulk piece of the same material.
  • Military research (suggested by the nuclear physicist Enrico Fermi), which had been classified in 1954, but was later declassified, demonstrated that if a cluster of atoms in the 1,000 to 3,000 size range was given an impulse of energy (e.g., as heat) and if a significant number of these atoms have a nonlinear coupling to the rest (e.g., the coupling of surface atoms to interior atoms), the energy will not be shared uniformly among all the atoms in the cluster but will localize on a very small number of these atoms.
  • Thus, a few atoms in the cluster will rapidly acquire a vibrational energy far above what they would have if they were in thermal equilibrium with their neighboring atoms.
  • This “energy localization” explains why clusters in this size range are particularly good catalysts for accelerating chemical reactions.
  • If the cluster is palladium saturated with deuterium, Dr. Ahern claims the localized energy effect will enable a significant number of the deuterons to undergo a nuclear fusion reaction, thereby releasing a high amount of energy. https://www.focus.it/site_stored/old_fileflash/energia/fusioneFredda/FF_doc/2003-02-00_NASA-CR-2003-212169_vol1.pdf

2007 SPAWAR JWK American Physical Society Presentation “Time Resolved, High Resolution, γ−Ray and Integrated Charged and Knock-on Particle Measurements of Pd:D Co-deposition Cells” Authors: L.P.G. Forsley and G.W. Phillips (JWK Technologies Corporation), P.A. Mosier-Boss, S. Szpak, and F.E. Gordon (3US Navy SPAWAR Systems Center, San Diego), J.W. Khim (JWK Corporation)

Slide 12 – Conclusions

  • 1. The SPAWAR co-deposition cell consistently, and repeatedly, produces tracks.
  • 2. Tracks are consistent with both nuclear charged particle and neutron knock-on tracks.
  • 3. Tracks are not of chemical origin, although chemical damage may occur.
  • 4. γ data offers insight into nuclear mechanisms causing tracks.
  • 5. More real-time, spectrally resolved, charged particle, neutron and γ diagnostics needed.
  • 6. Robust SPAWAR protocol may allow theory determination. http://newenergytimes.com/v2/library/2007/2007ForsleyL-APS.pdf

2007 JWK Lawrence Forsley New Energy Times Interview “Charged Particles for Dummies: A Conversation with Lawrence P.G. Forsley” By Steven Krivit April 20, 2007.

Quote

  • Bio: Lawrence Forsley is president of JWK Technologies Corp. in Annandale, Va., which he joined in 1995, and is a collaborator of the SPAWAR Systems Center San Diego Co-Deposition group. During the past 30 years, he has worked in fusion research as a laser fusion group leader and visiting scientist in chemical engineering at the University of Rochester; a consultant to the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Mirror Fusion TMX-U and MFTF-B experiments; a visiting scientist at the Max Planck Institute for PlasmaPhysics on the ASDEX Tokamak in Garching, Germany; and a principal investigator on a variety of sonoluminescence, palladium/deuterium electrolysis, SPAWAR co-deposition and high Z experiments. He has specialized in temporally, spatially and spectrally resolved visible, ultraviolet, extreme ultraviolet, x-ray, gamma ray, charged particle and neutron measurements. He attended the University of Rochester and taught there for several years. In his spare time, he’s developed and deployed autonomous seismic sensors around the world and applied space-based Differential Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar in places hard to write home from.
  • Prelude: Steven Krivit: I have a bunch of questions about your slide presentation from the March 5 American Physical Society conference. I’d like to go through them with you. Hopefully, I won’t ask any really dumb questions. – end quotes http://newenergytimes.com/v2/news/2007/NET22.shtml#dummies

This is a nice interview on the SPAWAR neutron findings. What is not revealed is the actual neutron flux, which is very important if there is to be an attempt to put it to practical use. CR-39 accumulates tracks in these experiments for hundreds of hours. I don’t know what the efficiency is, i.e., how many neutrons it takes to produce a thousand knock-on tracks; it would also depend on energy. CR-39 can be used for low-level radiation detection because it can be very close to the source. One can see the difference in the front-side tracks, where the CR-39 is immediately adjacent to the cathode, whereas on the back side, there is a whole piece of CR-39 in between, so the “image” of the cathode wires is spread out, a lo

2007 NASA LENR/National Security “Future Strategic Issues/Future Warfare [Circa 2025]” NASA Dennis Bushnell, June 2007. This presentation based on Futures Work For/With: USAF NWV • USAF 2025 • National Research Council • Army After Next • ACOM Joint Futures • SSG of the CNO • Australian DOD • NRO, DSB • DARPA, SBCCOM • DIA, AFSOC, EB, AU • CIA, STIC, L-M, IDA • APL, ONA, SEALS • ONI, FBI, AWC/SSI • NSAP, SOCOM, CNO • MSIC, TRADOC, QDR • NGIC, JWAC, NAIC • JFCOM, TACOM • SACLANT, OOTW https://fedgeno.com/documents/future-strategic-issues-and-warfare.pdf

2007 SPAWAR Patent “System and method for generating particles”US8419919B1 Filing: Sep 21, 2007 – Publication: Apr 16, 2013 Assignee: JWK International Corporation, The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy – GRANT Issued: Apr 16, 2013Inventors: Pamela A. Boss, Frank E. Gordon, Stanislaw Szpak, Lawrence Parker Galloway Forsley https://www.google.com/patents/US8419919B1

2008 Patent (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech) “A hybrid fusion fast fission reactor”WO2009108331A2 – Publication date: Dec 30, 2009 – Priority date: Feb 25, 2008 Inventors: Lawrence Parker Galloway Forsley, Jay Wook Khim – Applicant: Lawrence Parker Gallow Forsley

  • [011] Recently, Boss (Boss, et al, “Triple Tracks in CR-39 as the result of Pd-D Co- deposition: evidence of energetic neutrons”, Naturwissenschaften, (2009) VoI 96:135- 142) documented the production of deuterium-deuterium (2.45 MeV) and deuterium- tritium (14.1 MeV) fusion neutrons using palladium co-deposition on non-hydriding metals. These energetic neutrons were observed and spectrally resolved using solid state detectors identical to those routinely used in the ICF (DoE lnertial Confinement Fusion program) experiments (Seguin, FH, et al. “Spectrometry of charged particles from inertial-confinement-fusion plasmas” Rev Sci Instrum. 74:975-995. (2003). [012] Boss, et al, filed U.S. Provisional Patent Application Serial No. 60/919,190, on March 14, 2007, entitled “Method and Apparatus for Generating Particles”, which is incorporated by reference in its entirety and Serial No. 11/859,499, [’499] “System and Method for Generating Particles”, filed on September, 21 , 2007, which is incorporated by reference in its entirety. Although that patent teaches a method to generate neutrons and describes in general terms their use, this embodiment teaches another means to fast fission a natural abundance uranium deuteride fuel element driven by DD primary and secondary fusion neutrons within said fuel element. Consequently, a heavily deuterided actinide can be its own source of fast neutrons, with an average neutron kinetic energy greater than 2 MeV and greater than the actinide fission neutron energy. Such energetic neutrons are capable of fissioning both fertile and fissile material. There is no chain reaction. There is no concept of actinide criticality. Purely fertile material, like 232Th or non-fertile isotopes, like 209Bi, may fission producing additional fast neutrons and energy up to 200 MeV/nucleon fissioned. [013] This results in considerable environmental, health physics, and economic savings by using either spent nuclear fuel, mixed oxide nuclear fuel, natural uranium or natural thorium to “stoke the fires of a nuclear furnace” and is the basis for our Green Nuclear Energy technology, or GNE (pronounced, “Genie”). GNE reactors may consume fertile or fissionable isotopes such as 232Th, 235U, 238U, 239Pu, 241Am, and 252Cf, and may consume fission wastes and activation products in situ without requiring fuel reprocessing. GNE reactors may consume spent fuel rods without either mechanical processing or chemical reprocessing. In this regard, GNE reactor technology may be an improvement over proposed Generation IV fission reactor technologies (http://nuclear.enerqv.aov/aenlV/neGenlV1.htmh) under development. GNE may: improve safety (no chain reaction), burn actinides (reduced waste) and provide compatibility with current heat exchanger technology (existing infrastructure). By employing a novel, in situ, very fast neutron source, GNE constitutes a new Generation V hybrid reactor technology, combining aspects of Generation IV fast fission reactors, the DoE Advanced Accelerator reactor, and hybrid fusion/fission systems. It may eliminate the need for uranium enrichment and fuel reprocessing and, consequently, the opportunity for nuclear weapons proliferation through the diversion of fissile isotopes. Advantages of the embodiment of the invention
  • [014] It may be an advantage of one or more of the embodiments of the invention to provide a safer nuclear reactor.
  • [015] Another advantage of one or more of the embodiments may be to provide a nuclear reactor with an internal source of fast neutrons.
  • [016] Another advantage of one or more of the embodiments may be to provide a nuclear reactor that operates with fertile or fissile fuel.
  • [017] A further advantage of one or more of the embodiments may be to provide a nuclear reactor that consumes its own nuclear waste products.
  • [018] A further advantage of one or more of the embodiments may be to provide a means to fission spent fuel rods.
  • [019] Yet another advantage of one or more of the embodiments may be to co- generate heat while consuming nuclear fission products and unspent nuclear fuel.
  • [020] Still yet another advantage of one or more of the embodiments may be to co- generate power from a conventional steam/water cycle
  • https://www.google.com/patents/WO2009108331A2

2008 DoD Grant (2014 patent publication date) “Deuterium Reactor”US20130235963A1 – Filed: Mar 12, 2012 – Publication date: Sep 12, 2013 Inventor: Pharis Edward Williams Original Assignee: Pharis Edward Williams $25,000 was received in 2008 from NSWC, Indian Head Division, to design experiments, review reports, and analyze data. The experiments verified heating using powdered/granulated fuel. editor note Quote: “As a United States Department of Defense (DoD) Energetics Center, Naval Surface Warfare Center, Indian Head Division is a critical component of the Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) Warfare Center (WFC) Enterprise. One of the WFC’s nine Divisions, Indian Head’s mission is to research, develop, test, evaluate, and produce energetics and energetic systems for U.S. fighting forces.” It is a 1700-person organization with sites in McAlester, OK; Ogden, UT; Picatinny, NJ and a second site in Indian Head, MD. NSWC IHEODTD has the largest U.S. workforce in the DoD dedicated to energetics and EOD, comprising more than 800 scientists and engineers and 50 active duty military. The business base totals $1.4B. -end note https://www.google.com/patents/US20130235963A1

2009 thru 2010 NASA-LaRC SpaceWorks Contract (applied engineering)
Quote: “SpaceWorks conducted separate vehicle design studies evaluating the potential impact of two advanced propulsion system concepts under consideration by NASA Langley Research Center: The first concept was an expendable multistage rocket vehicle which utilized an advanced Air-Augmented Rocket (AAR) engine. The effect of various rocket thrust augmentation ratios were identified the resulting vehicle design where compared against a traditional expendable rocket concept. The second concept leverage Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR), a new form of energy generation being studied at NASA LaRC, to determine how to utilize an LENR-based propulsion system for space access. For this activity, two LENR-based rocket engine propulsion performance models where developed jointly by SpaceWorks and LaRC personnel.” -end quote See: “SpaceWorks Advanced Concepts Group (ACG) Overview” October 2012 PowerPoint presentation, page 31. http://www.sei.aero/eng/papers/uploads/archive/Advanced_Concepts_Group_ACG_Overview.pdf

2009 Navy Patent “Excess enthalpy upon pressurization of nanosized metals with deuterium” WO2011041370A1 – Original Assignee: The Government Of The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy – Inventor: David A. Kidwell – Priority date: Sep 29, 2009 – Publication date: Mar 31, 2011 – GRANT issued: Nov 10, 2015 – The present application claims the benefit of United States Provisional Application Serial No. 61/246,619 by David A. Kidwell, filed September 29, 2009 entitled “ANOMALOUS HEAT GENERATION FROM DEUTERIUM (OR PLATINUM) LOADED NANOPARTICLES.” https://www.google.com/patents/WO2011041370A1

2009 November Defense Intelligence Agency (LENR report) DIA-08-0911-003 Technology Forecast: “Worldwide Research on Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions Increasing and Gaining Acceptance” Quote, “LENR power sources could produce the greatest transformation of the battlefield for U.S. forces since the transition from horsepower to gasoline power.” -end quote Prepared by: Beverly Barnhart, DIA/DI, Defense Warning Office. With contributions from: Dr. Patrick McDaniel, University of New Mexico; Dr. Pam Mosier-Boss, U.S. Navy SPAWAR/Pacific; Dr. Michael McKubre, SRI International; Mr. Lawrence Forsley, JWK International; and Dr. Louis DeChiaro, NSWC/Dahlgren. Coordinated with DIA/DRI, CPT, DWO, DOE/IN, US Navy SPAWAR/Pacific and U.S. NSWC/Dahlgren,VA. http://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/BarnhartBtechnology.pdf

2010 Navy Patent (LENR fuel) “Metal nanoparticles with a pre-selected number of atoms” US 8728197 B2 – Original Assignee: The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy – Inventors: Albert Epshteyn, David A. Kidwell GRANT issued: May 20, 2014 https://www.google.com/patents/US8728197B2

2010 United States. Defense Threat Reduction Agency. Advanced Systems and Concepts Office “Applications of Quantum Mechanics: Black Light Power and the Widom-Larsen Theory of LENR” This document consists of a set of slides on the topic of Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) “theoretical modeling” and “experimental observations.” It also discusses efforts to: “Catalogue opponent/proponent views on LENR theories and experiments,” “Review data on element transmutation,” “Prepare assessment and recommendations,” and “Critically examine past and new claims by Black Light Power Inc […] power generation using a newly discovered field of hydrogen-based chemistry.” Note: This document has been added to the Homeland Security Digital Library in agreement with the Project on Advanced Systems and Concepts for Countering WMD (PASCC) as part of the PASCC collection. Permission to download and/or retrieve this resource has been obtained through PASCC.

  • Report Number: Report No. ASCO 2010-014; Report No. Advanced Systems and Concepts Office ASCO 2010 014
  • Author: Ullrich, George
  • Toton, Edward
  • Publisher: United States. Defense Threat Reduction Agency. Advanced Systems and Concepts Office
  • Date: 2010-03-31
  • Copyright: Public Domain. Downloaded or retrieved via external web link as part of the PASCC collection.
  • Retrieved From: ASCO/PASCC Archives via NPS Center on Contemporary Conflict
  • Media Type: application/pdf
  • URL: https://www.hsdl.org/?view&did=717806

(editor note) E-Cat’s first public demo by Rossi in January 2011

2011 Nov. 2 Fox news
title “Cold Fusion Experiment: Major Success or Complex Hoax?”

2011 NASA Patent “Method for Producing Heavy Electrons” US20110255645A1 Inventor: Joseph M. Zawodny – Publication date: Oct 20, 2011 – Filing date: Mar 24, 2011 Assignee: USA As Represented By The Administrator Of NASA – Pursuant to 35U.S.C. §119, the benefit of priority from U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 61/317,379, with a filing date of Mar. 25, 2010, is claimed for this non-provisional application, the contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety. The invention was made by an employee of the United States Government and may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor. https://www.google.com/patents/US20110255645A1

2011 July (NASA LENR) in the NASA Technical report NASA/CR-2003-212169 “Advanced Energetics for Aeronautical Applications” (see Section 3.1.5.3, pg. 45-48). 3.1.5 Low Energy Nuclear Reactions

3.1.5.1-Electrochemically Induced Deuterium Fusion in Palladium The first-discovered form of solid-state fusion was that achieved by electrochemically splitting heavy water in order to cause the deuterium to absorb into pieces of palladium metal. When this experiment is conducted according to procedures that have resulted from the work of many researchers since 1989, it is reproducible.

The evidence that a nuclear process is occurring is that excess energy in the form of heat (greater than what could be produced by any possible chemical reaction in the system) and helium 4 (He4) (in quantities exceeding any possible contamination) occur. https://www.focus.it/site_stored/old_fileflash/energia/fusioneFredda/FF_doc/2003-02-00_NASA-CR-2003-212169_vol1.pdf

Also see the patent: “Nuclear reactor consuming nuclear fuel that contains atoms of elements having a low atomic number and a low mass number” WO 2013108159 A1 – Assignee – Yogendra Narain SRIVASTAVA, Allan Widom, Publication date: Jul 25, 2013 – Priority date: Jul 16, 2012 Abstract: NASA identifies this new generation of nuclear reactors by using the term “Proton Power Cells.” NASA contractors (University of Illinois and Lattice Energy LLC) have measured an excess heat ranging from 20% to 100% employing a thin film (about 300 angstroms) of Nickel, Titanium and/or Palladium loaded with hydrogen as nuclear fuel. The metallic film was immersed in an electrochemical system with 0.5 to 1.0 molar Lithium sulfates in normal water as the electrolyte. To explain the reaction mechanism, Dr. George Miley (University of Illinois) hypothesized the fusion of 20 protons with five atoms of Nickel- 58 by creating an atom of a super-heavy element (A=310); this super-heavy atom rapidly should decay by producing stable fission elements and heat in the metal film. https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2013108159A1

2011 Sept. (NASA GRC LENR Brief) “Low Energy Nuclear Reactions Is there better way to do nuclear power?” Dr. Joseph M. Zawodny NASA Langley Research Center

pg 17. Experimental Implications

  • LENR experiments employing electrochemical cells are basically uncontrolled experiments.
  • IF the right pattern of dendrites/textures occurs, it is a random occurrence – almost pure luck. This is why replication is so sporadic, why some experiments take so long before they become active, and why some never do.
  • Need to design, fabricate, and maintain the surface texture and/or grains – not rely on chance.
  • MeV/He not a unique, let alone important, metric.

2011 Nov. (SPAWAR LENR news) Quote, “On or about Nov. 9, 2011, Rear Admiral Patrick Brady , commander of SPAWAR, ordered SPAWAR researchers to terminate all LENR research.” -end quote A New Energy Times article titled, “Navy Commander Halts SPAWAR LENR Research” by Steven Krivit http://news.newenergytimes.net/2012/03/01/navy-commander-halts-spawar-lenr-research/

2012 NASA/Boeing Publication (applied engineering) NASA Contract NNL08AA16B – NNL11AA00T “Subsonic Ultra Green Aircraft Research – Phase II N+4 Advanced Concept Development” Pg. 24 -Even though we do not know the specific cost of the LENR itself, we assumed a cost of jet fuel at $4/gallon and weight based aircraft cost. We were able to calculate cost per mile for the LENR equipped aircraft compared to a conventional aircraft (Figure 3.2). Looking at the plots, one could select a point where the projected cost per mile is 33% less than a conventionally powered aircraft (Heat engine > 1 HP/lb & LENR > 3.5 HP/lb).

(editor note) The NASA Working Group Report also makes public the following list of organizations and individuals working on the advanced concept contract:

Boeing
Marty Bradley, Christopher Droney, Zachary Hoisington, Timothy Allen, Dwaine Cotes, Yueping Guo, Brian Foist, Blaine Rawdon, Sean Wakayama, Emily Dallara, Ed Kowalski, Joe Wa, Ismail Robbana, Sergey Barmichev, Larry Fink, Mithra Sankrithi, Edward White
General Electric
Kurt Murrow, Jeff Hammel, Srini Gowda
Georgia Tech
Michelle Kirby, Hongjun Ran, Teawoo Nam, Jimmy Tai, Chris Perullo
Vermont Tech
Joe Schetz, Rakesh Kapania
NASA
Mark Guynn, Erik Olson, Gerald Brown, Larry Leavitt, Richard Wahls, Doug Wells, James Felder, Casey Burley, John Martin
Federal Aviation Administration
Rhett Jeffries, Christopher Sequiera
https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20120009038.pdf

2012 National Institute of Aeronautics and NASA (applied engineering)
“MPD Augmentation of a Thermal Air Rocket Utilizing Low Energy Nuclear Reactions Roger Lepsch, NASA Langley Research Center; Matt Fischer, National Institute of Aerospace; Christopher Jones, National Institute of Aerospace; Alan Wilhite, National Institute of Aerospace. Presented at the 53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference, April 26, 2012 https://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/6.2012-1351

2012 Global Energy Corporation news (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech)

“Virginia Firm Offers Nuclear Energy” Jun 2012 – Emmanuel T. Erediano
http://www.mvariety.com/cnmi/cnmi-news/local/46996-virginia-firm-offers-nuclear-energy.php

Quote:

“Lawrence P.G. Forsley, vice president for science and technology of Global Energy Corp. (globalenergycorporation.com), said their “revolutionary technology” is based on the “new science of hybrid fusion fast fission” green nuclear energy, or “Genie.”

Forsley said he is among the GEC scientists who conducted 23 years of research and development with the U.S. Navy. He said they completed the design of a safe, clean, secure and affordable green hybrid fusion nuclear reactor for commercial uses.

Genie reactors, he said, don’t use a uranium-235 chain reaction. Without a chain reaction, there can’t be a runaway, core meltdown, no explosions initiated by the meltdowns and no radioactive fallout, he added. Genie reactors, Forsley said, don’t have nuclear waste problems.

It doesn’t need a spent fuel pool nor a spent fuel waste storage dump. It “burns” uranium-238 that comprises 95 percent of conventional nuclear waste. Therefore, Genie actually “cleans” nuclear waste, he added.
-end quotes

ALSO “Guam Eyes Clean Nuclear Power”http://www.mvariety.com/cnmi/cnmi-news/local/43960-guam-eyes-clean-nuclear-power

Quote:

“We’re generation five,” Dr. Khim (President of Global Energy Corp) told the Variety during an exclusive interview, “and first of all this is a brand new concept.” He said safety is the first consideration, and that cannot be ensured by building higher walls around reactors, as Japan saw last year with Fukushima.

“You have to change the basic science of nuclear power,” Khim explained. “We’ve been working with the U.S. Navy for about 22 years and the basic science phase is now over. Now we’re going into commercial development, which the Navy is not going to do.” But Khim says the science has been repeatedly duplicated by the Navy, and has been proven, recognized and published.

Officials of the Navy on Guam, including Capt. John V. Heckmann Jr., CO of Naval Facilities and a professional engineer, attended the GEC briefing. The GEC board of directors, Khim says, includes some well-known Washington D.C. Players, including former Secretary of Defense Frank Carlucci, former Congressman and Secretary of Transportation Norman Mineta, and former U.S. Congressman Tom Davis, among others.” – end quotes

(editor note) E-Cat’s Ferrara, Italy tests Dec. 2012 and Mar. 2013

2013 Global Energy Corporation news (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech)
title “Impeached governor inked secret deal to construct fast breeder reactor” By Lucas W Hixson, March 25

Quote:

Later that month, the press reported that Global Energy Corp. was proposing to build a 50-megawatt plant as a pilot project on Guam, on a build, operate and transfer basis for which GEC would obtain its own financing. The reports argued that Guam ratepayers would pay only for the electric power generated. GEC CEO Dr. Khim even said that he would finance the estimated $250 million plant himself. “No initial money for Guam at all,” Khim assured the press. “I’ll pay all the money; I’ll run it; and give Guam cheap electricity.” – end quote

http://enformable.com/2013/03/impeached-governor-inked-secret-deal-to-construct-fast-breeder-reactor/

2013 Navy Patent (a 2009 patent continuation) “Excess enthalpy upon pressurization of dispersed palladium with hydrogen or deuterium”US9192918B2 Original Assignee: The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy – Inventors: David A. Kidwell – Filing date: Aug 8, 2013 – GRANT issued: Nov 24, 2015 editor note: see PRIORITY CLAIM) i.e. “All applications listed in this paragraph as well as all other publications and patent documents referred to throughout this nonprovisional application are incorporated herein by reference.” -end note https://www.google.com/patents/US9192918B2

May 2013 NASA (publication) NASA/TM-2013-217981, L-20240, NF1676L-16305- “Advanced-to-Revolutionary Space Technology Options – The Responsibly Imaginable” Apr 1, 2013 Dennis M. Bushnell – See pg. 13, ‘Low Energy Nuclear Reactions, the Realism and the Outlook’ Quote: “- given the truly massive-to-mind boggling benefits – solutions to climate, energy and the limitations that restrict the NASA Mission areas, all of them. The key to space exploration is energetics. The key to supersonic transports and neighbor-friendly personal fly/drive air vehicles is energetics, as simplex examples of the potential implications of this area of research.” –end quote https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20130011698

2013 Boeing Patent (applied engineering) “Rotational annular airscrew with integrated acoustic arrester” CA2824290A1 Applicant: The Boeing Company, Matthew D. Moore, Kelly L. Boren – Filing date: Aug 16, 2013 – Publication date: May 12, 2014 – “ The contra-rotating forward coaxial electric motor and the contra-rotating aft coaxial electric motor are coupled to at least one energy source. The contra-rotating forward coaxial electric motor and the contra-rotating aft coaxial electric motor may be directly coupled to the at least one energy source, or through various control and/or power distribution circuits. The energy source may comprise, for example, a system to convert chemical, solar or nuclear energy into electricity within or coupled to a volume bearing structure. The energy source may comprise, for example but without limitation, a battery, a fuel cell, a solar cell, an energy harvesting device, low energy nuclear reactor (LENR), a hybrid propulsion system, or other energy source. https://www.google.com/patents/CA2824290A1

(editor note) E-Cat’s Oct. 2014 32 day test in Lugano, Switzerland

Videos

Heading added by Abd. Section headers with anchors and links created. Sequence of video sections has been reversed to match “Newscast” numbers.

2014 Global Energy Corporation Newscasts (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech)

GEC Thorium SMR editor note- (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech)
Global Energy Corporation YouTube Channel

GEC Thorium SMR

Article preview thumbnail

Slide show: https://nari.arc.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/SeedlingWELLS.pdf

2014 NASA and Georgia Institute of Technology (applied engineering)“The Application of LENR to Synergistic Mission Capabilities” Presented at AIAA AVIATION 2014 Atlanta, GA USA, Douglas P. Wells NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, Dimitri N. Mavris Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia – Pg. 2 (comparing energetics) LENR 8,000,000 times chemical -Fusion 7,300,000 times chemical – Fission 1,900,000 times chemical. https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20150000549.pdf

2014 NASA and Cal Tech Presentation (applied engineering) “Low Energy Nuclear Reaction Aircraft” NASA Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD) 2014 Seedling Technical Seminar, February 19–27, 2014.
California Polytechnic State University • Dr. Rob McDonald • Advanced Topics in Aircraft Design course (10wks) • Sponsored Research Project Team
NASA Glenn Research Center • Jim Felder, Chris Snyder
NASA Langley Research Center • Bill Fredericks, Roger Lepsch, John Martin, Mark Moore, Doug Wells, Joe Zawodny
https://nari.arc.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/SeedlingWELLS.pdf

2014 NASA (presentation) “Frontier Aerospace Opportunities”
NASA/TM-2014-218519, L-20449, NF1676L-19426
Dennis M. Bushnell Oct 01, 2014 LENR (pages) 11, 13, 21, 24, 25, and 26. https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20150001248.pdf

2015 September Dr. DeChiaro – Branch Q51 NSWC Dahlgren (presentation) IEEE Date: 23 September 2015 Presented by Dr. Louis F. DeChiaro – NSWC Dahlgren and Professor Peter Hagelstein – MIT editor note- DeChiaro Bio.

Quote: “He joined the US Navy as a civilian Physicist in September, 2006 and since 2009 been performing investigations in LENR physics and supporting the EMC efforts of Branch Q51 at the Naval Surface Warfare Center, Dahlgren, VA. During the period 2010-2012 he was on special assignment at the Naval Research Labs, Washington, D.C. in their experimental LENR group. Dr. DeChiaro is a member of Tau Beta Pi.” – end quote -end note
Bios for these speakers are found at: https://meetings.vtools.ieee.org/m/35303
IEEE presentation title: Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) Phenomena and Potential Applications” http://fuelrfuture.com/science/navylenr.pdf

2015 SPAWAR/JWK/NSWC Dahlgren (presentation) ‘Strained Layer Ferromagnetism in Transition Metals and its Impact Upon Low Energy Nuclear Reactions’ Louis F. DeChiaro – Naval Surface Warfare Center, 5493 Marple Road, Suite 156, Dahlgren, VA 22448, USA, Lawrence P. Forsley – Global Energy Corporation, Annandale, VA 22003, USA, Pamela Mosier-Boss – Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center (SPAWAR) Pacific, San Diego, CA 92152, USA Acknowledgements: The DFT studies documented in this work are a direct outgrowth of US Navy research that was funded under the In-house Laboratory Independent Research (ILIR) Program, and we wish to gratefully acknowledge the strong support of Jeff Solka (the ILIR sponsor) and the Department Q management over the past 5 years. In addition, we wish to thank a number of dear colleagues for their inspiration, including Peter Hagelstein of the MIT Electronics Research Laboratory, the LENR teams at the NASA Langley and Glenn facilities, and especially Olga Dmitriyeva and Rick Cantwell of Coolescence, who were instrumental in suggesting the potential value of spin-polarized calculations in elemental metal systems. – end quotes http://www.iscmns.org/CMNS/JCMNS-Vol17.pdf

2016 – May 4th, U.S. House Committee on Armed Services (LENR inquire)
Quote “The committee is aware of recent positive developments in developing low energy nuclear reactions (LENR), which produce ultra clean, low cost renewable energy that have strong national security implications.
…the committee directs the Secretary of Defense to provide a briefing on the military utility of recent U.S. industrial base LENR advancements to the House Committee on Armed Services by September 22, 2016.
See -Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) Briefing;
“National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017″ page 87.
https://www.congress.gov/114/crpt/hrpt537/CRPT-114hrpt537.pdf

2016 SPAWAR, U. of Austin, U. of New Mexico, and GEC (publication)
Defense Threat Reduction Agency “DTRA: INVESTIGATION OF NANO-NUCLEAR REACTIONS IN CONDENSED MATTER FINAL REPORT” June 2016 Affiliation: US Navy SPAWAR-PAC, Global Energy Corporation, University of New Mexico, University of Austin https://www.researchgate.net/publication/307594560_DTRA_INVESTIGATION_OF_NANO-NUCLEAR_REACTIONS_IN_CONDENSED_MATTER_FINAL_REPORT

2016 NASA Patent “Methods and apparatus for enhanced nuclear reactions”US20170263337A1 Inventors: Vladimir Pines, Marianna Pines, Bruce Steinetz, Arnon Chait, Gustave Fralick, Robert Hendricks, Paul Westmeyer – Current Assignee: NASA Glenn Research Center, Pinesci Consulting – Priority date: 2016-03-09, Application: 2017-09-14. editor note-US20170263337A1 claims that many types of materials are suitable for LENR. – end note

Quote:
[0082] It should be understood that any material which may be hydrided may be used as the initial material, such as, for example, single-walled or double-walled carbon nanotubes. Double-walled carbon nanotubes in particular have an internal spacing consistent with the lattice spacing of palladium-silver lattices, the usage of which in experiment will be described in detail below.

Alternatively, materials such as silicon, graphene, boron nitride, silicene, molybdenum disulfide or ferritin (editor note: ferritin BIOCHEMISTRY noun: ferritin – a protein produced in mammalian metabolism that serves to store iron in the tissues) may be used, although it should be understood that substantially two-dimensional structures, such as graphene, boron nitride, silicene and molybdenum disulfide are not hydrated similar to their three-dimensional counterparts and may be subjected to a separate process, specifically with the two-dimensional structure being positioned adjacent one of the above materials, as will be described in greater detail below.

Similarly, ferritin and other complex materials may be filled or loaded with hydrogen using methods specific to the particular material properties. In general, the initial material may be any suitable material which is able to readily absorb and or adsorb hydrogen isotopes, such as, for example, metal hydrides (e.g., titanium, scandium, vanadium, chromium, yttrium, niobium, zirconium, palladium, hafnium, tantalum, etc.), lanthanides (e.g., lanthanum, cesium, etc.), actinides (e.g., actinium, thallium, uranium, etc.), ionic hydrides (e.g., lithium, strontium, etc.), covalent hydrides (e.g., gallium, germanium, bismuth, etc.), intermediate hydrides (e.g., beryllium, magnesium, etc.), and select metals known to be active (e.g., nickel, tungsten, rhenium, molybdenum, ruthenium, rhodium, etc.), along with hydrides thereof, as well as alloys with non-hydriding materials (e.g., silver, copper, etc.), suspensions, and combinations thereof. – end quote
https://patents.google.com/patent/US20170263337A1

(editor note) The patent US20170263337A1 is a LENR patent by a NASA team. This patent’s citations include two patents “Method and apparatus for generating thermal energy” and “Methods of generating energetic particles using nanotubes and articles thereof” which have a classification: G21B3/00 Low temperature nuclear fusion reactors, e.g. alleged cold fusion reactors. Also note the following Glenn Research Center Publication, “Investigation of Deuterium Loaded Materials Subject to X-Ray Exposure” Apr 3, 2017, where US20170263337A1 inventors work with Lawrence P. Forsley of Global Energy Corporation (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech). – end note

2016 NASA Glenn Research Center (LENR tech licensing offer)
editor note-
 A search for ‘fusion’ that I did in May of 2016, at the NASA Technology Gateway, yielded this out of Glenn Research Center… “Methods and Apparatus for Enhanced Nuclear Reactions” Reference Number LEW-19366-1. Contact us for information about this technology. NASA Glenn Research Center, Innovation Projects Office ttp@grc.nasa.gov -end note

2017 July 14 NASA PineScie Contract Award $485,750 title “Theoretical Support for Advanced Energy Conversion Project” National Aeronautics and Space Administration – Glenn Research Center – Office of Procurement Contract Award Number 80GRC017C0021 (LENR Forum attachment) https://www.lenr-forum.com/attachment/4570-fbo-search-theoretical-support-for-advanced-energy-conversion-project-pdf/

(editor note) E-Cat QX demo held November, 2017 in Stockholm, Sweden.

2017 Global Energy Corporation LENR Update (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech)

Quote:

Our team of scientists and consultants have solid backgrounds in both technology and business for the development of energy technology. With GEC you get the benefit of experience that’s been acquired year after year, job after job.

While development of NanoStar and Nanomite is ongoing, GEC initial focus is the product development and commercialization of Small Modular Generators (SMG’s) using Hybrid Fusion technology. GEC is currently negotiating several new SMG construction contracts ranging from 250MWe to 5GWe around the world.

After 20 years of R&D and product development, GEC has developed a truly safe, clean and secure atomic energy generator through hybrid fusion-fast-fission Technology. These SMG’s are safe (no chain reaction-no melt down), clean (uses nuclear waste/unenriched U as fuel), and secure (no enrichment and no reprocessing).

2006 – Global Energy Corporation founded

2011 – Subsidiary GEC Global LLC established for development of conventional power plants

2012 – BOT signed to develop and build a 50MWe GEC SMG Power Plant on the island of Saipan

2013 – Patent issued for Technology – end quotes
http://www.gec.solutions

(editor note) GEC holds the 2008 Patent (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech) “A hybrid fusion fast fission reactor” WO2009108331A2; which is the sister patent of the 2007 SPAWAR patent “System and method for generating particles” US8419919B1 which was granted Apr. 16, 2013; assigned to JWK International Corporation and The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy. -end note

Entities of Interest from
U. S. Government LENR Energy 2018 Review

Inventors, Authors and other Persons of Interest

Brian S. Ahern https://patents.google.com/?inventor=Brian+S.+Ahern

Beverly Barnhart – DIA/DI, Defense Warning Office

Michael D. Becks https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20170002544

Theresa L. Benyo – Theresa Benyo currently works at the Structures and Materials Division, NASA. Theresa does research in Plasma Physics, Electromagnetism and Nuclear Physics. Their most recent publication is ‘Experimental Observations of Nuclear Activity in Deuterated Materials Subjected to a Low-Energy Photon Beam.’ https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Theresa_Benyo

Marty K. Bradley https://aviation.aiaa.org/uploadedFiles/AIAA-Aviation_Site/Program/Bradley%20Bio.pdf

Kelly L. Boren https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Kelly+L.+Boren%22

Pamela A. Boss https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Pamela+A.+Boss%22

Frank Carlucci https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Carlucci

Arnon Chait – Arnon Chait, Ph.D. – Head of Med-Tech
Arnon Chait is the co-founder of both ANALIZA, Inc. and Cleveland Diagnostics, and is the President and CEO at AnalizaDx, LLC and Cleveland Diagnostics, Inc. Dr. Chait`s training and experience covers physics, engineering and biosciences, concentrating on interdisciplinary research for over two decades. Dr. Chait was the founder of an advanced interdisciplinary lab at NASA, and has held several academic positions at leading universities, including Tufts and Case Western Reserve University. He has extensively published in multiple fields, and is the holder of over a dozen of patents and multiple international patent applications. Arnon has been the co-founder of two additional companies in the fields of structural genomics (IP sold to Fluidigm) and opto-electronics. http://www.kitalholdings.com/html5/ProLookup.taf?_ID=10529&did=2241&G=8899&SM=8907 Also see: Dr Arnon Chait, CEO of Cleveland Diagnostics CDx – Also: Arnon Chait NASA on YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CVe117kQaP4

Harry R. Clark Jr. https://patents.google.com/?inventor=Harry+R.+Clark%2c+Jr.

Christopher C. Daniels https://www.uakron.edu/engineering/research/profile.dot?u=cdanielsAlso: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Christopher_Daniels5

Tom Davis https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_Davis_(Virginia_politician)

Dr. Louis F. DeChiaro (see bio speakers) https://meetings.vtools.ieee.org/m/35303

Christopher K. Droney – Configuration Synthesis Manager. Boeing, News article “SUGAR sweetens the deal with Phase 3 results, Phase 4 underway” by Christopher Droney http://www.boeing.com/features/innovation-quarterly/aug2017/feature-technical-sugar.page

Albert Epshteyn https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Albert+Epshteyn%22

Matt Fischer – NIA Graduate (see year 2012) University/Date: Georgia Tech/May 2012 Degree/Advisor: M.S., Aerospace Engineering, Dr. Alan Wilhite. Present Position: Boeing, Alabama – Thesis Topic: “Magnetohydrodynamic Acceleration of a Thermal Air Rocket Utilizing Low Energy Nuclear Reactions” https://www.researchgate.net/publication/268478605_MPD_Augmentation_of_a_Thermal_Air_Rocket_Utilizing_Low_Energy_Nuclear_Reactions

Gustave Fralick https://patents.google.com/?inventor=Gustave+Fralick

Lawrence Parker Galloway Forsley https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Lawrence+Parker+Galloway+Forsley%22 also https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Lawrence_Forsley2

Frank E. Gordon https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Frank+E.+Gordon%22

Prof. Peter Hagelstein – MIT https://www.researchgate.net/scientific-contributions/12103481_Peter_L_Hagelstein Also see bio – speakers: https://meetings.vtools.ieee.org/m/35303

Capt. John V. Heckmann Jr. (editors note) This news, “Lynch to Move on to NAVFAC Pacific; Heckmann to Assume Command of NAVFAC Marianas” – By Pacific News Center – July 14, 2011 Quote “An official change of Command Ceremony is slated for next Wednesday at 10 am at the Big Screen Theater on Naval Base Guam. At that “time-honored Navy tradition” Captain Lynch will render his command to the new NAVFAC Marianas Commander, Captain John V. Heckmann Jr. Heckmann is coming to Guam from Norfolk, Virginia where he served as the executive officer for NAVFAC Mid-Atlantic.” – end quote

Robert C. Hendricks https://patents.google.com/?inventor=Robert+Hendricks

Keith H. Johnson – MIT https://patents.google.com/?inventor=Keith+H.+Johnson Also: MIT News, Scientist/Screenwriter, Professor Leads Double Life March 11, 1992. http://news.mit.edu/1992/doublelife-0311 Also this from 2012,
Cold Fusion Returns to MIT, by Eugene Mallove http://www.infinite-energy.com/iemagazine/issue47/mit.html Also: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Keith_Johnson8

Christopher A. Jones – NASA Langley Research Center https://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/6.2017-5284 Also: Sponsor, Non-Voting Member of RASC-AL; The Revolutionary Aerospace Systems Concepts – Academic Linkages (RASC-AL) is managed by the National Institute of Aerospace on behalf of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Bio: Dr. Christopher Jones works in the Space Mission Analysis Branch at NASA’s Langley Research Center in Hampton, VA. His current work includes strategic analysis of space technology investments, applications of in-space assembly to Mars exploration, and mission design for an Earth Science satellite. His previous work includes leading development of a Venus atmospheric exploration concept, performing trajectory analysis in support of future NASA missions, and modeling in-situ resource utilization architectures for the Moon and Mars. He obtained his Masters and Ph.D. in aerospace engineering from Georgia Tech in 2009 and 2016, respectively, and his Bachelors in mechanical engineering from the University of South Carolina in 2007. http://rascal.nianet.org/steering-committee/

Tracy R. Kamm https://arxiv.org/find/nucl-ex/1/au:+Kamm_T/0/1/0/all/0/1

Jay Wook Khim https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Jay+Wook+Khim%22

David A. Kidwell https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22David+A.+Kidwell%22

Roger Lepsch – Aerospace Technologist, Vehicle Analysis Branch, Systems Analysis and Concepts Directorate, NASA Langley. https://www.researchgate.net/scientific-contributions/2058682370_Roger_Lepsch

Richard E. Martin http://www.csuohio.edu/engineering/mce/faculty-and-staff-5 Also: https://arxiv.org/find/physics/1/au:+Martin_R/0/1/0/all/0/1

Dimitri N. Mavris – Regents Professor, Boeing Professor of Advanced Aerospace Systems Analysis, & Langley Distinguished Professor in Advanced Aerospace Systems Architecture https://www.ae.gatech.edu/people/dimitri-mavris

Dr. Michael McKubre

Matthew D. Moore https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Matthew+D.+Moore%22

Norman Mineta https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Mineta

Nicholas Penney https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Nicholas_Penney2

Marianna Pines https://www.researchgate.net/search/publications?q=marianna%2Bpines

Vladimir Pines https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Vladimir_Pines

Bruce M. Steinetz https://patents.google.com/?inventor=Bruce+Steinetz

Stanislaw Szpak https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Stanislaw+Szpak%22

Douglas P. Wells – Low Energy Nuclear Reaction Aircraft Investigator NASA Langley Research Center https://nari.arc.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/attachments/17WELLS_ABSTRACT.pdf

Paul Westmeyer https://patents.google.com/?inventor=Paul+Westmeyer

Alan Wilhite – News title “AE salutes Prof. Alan Wilhite” Dec. 10, 2014″ The faculty and staff of the School of Aerospace Engineering gave a spirited send-off to Dr. Alan Wilhite who officially retired from his positions at Georgia Tech and NASA. https://www.ae.gatech.edu/news/2015/07/ae-salutes-prof-alan-wilhite

Pharis Edward Williams https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Pharis+Edward+Williams%22

Joseph M. Zawodny https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Joseph+M.+Zawodny%22

also… the SUGAR team

Boeing
Marty Bradley, Christopher Droney, Zachary Hoisington, Timothy Allen, Dwaine Cotes, Yueping Guo, Brian Foist, Blaine Rawdon, Sean Wakayama, Emily Dallara, Ed Kowalski, Joe Wa, Ismail Robbana, Sergey Barmichev, Larry Fink, Mithra Sankrithi, Edward White
General Electric
Kurt Murrow, Jeff Hammel, Srini Gowda
Georgia Tech
Michelle Kirby, Hongjun Ran, Teawoo Nam, Jimmy Tai, Chris Perullo
Vermont Tech
Joe Schetz, Rakesh Kapania
NASA
Mark Guynn, Erik Olson, Gerald Brown, Larry Leavitt, Richard Wahls, Doug Wells, James Felder, Casey Burley, John Martin
Federal Aviation Administration
Rhett Jeffries, Christopher Sequiera

Companies of Interest

PineSci Consulting http://government-contractors.insidegov.com/l/172920/Pinesci-Consulting

Ohio Aerospace Institute – The Ohio Aerospace Institute (OAI) is a non-profit organization that enhances the aerospace competitiveness of its corporate, federal agency, non-profit and university members through research and technology development, workforce preparedness and engagement with networks for innovation. www.oai.org/

Vantage Partners, LLC – Vantage Partners, LLC provides aero-engineering and information technology solutions. Its engineering solutions include electrical, mechanical, software, and systems. The company was incorporated in 2008 and is based in Lanham, Maryland. Vantage Partners, LLC operates as a joint venture between Stinger Ghaffarian Technologies, Inc. and Vantage Systems, Inc. https://vantagepartners.com/

JWK International Corporation http://www.jwk.com/site/

Global Energy Corporation http://www.gec.solutions

Hydroelectron Ventures Inc

Spaceworks Enterprises Inc. http://spaceworkseng.com/

National Institute of Aerospace (NIA) http://www.nianet.org

Boeing http://www.boeing.com/

General Electric https://www.ge.com/

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) https://www.aiaa.org/

IEEE https://meetings.vtools.ieee.org/m/35303

Universities of Interest

The University of Akron

Cleveland State University

Massachusetts Institute of Technology http://web.mit.edu/

Georgia Tech (Georgia Institute of Technology) http://www.gatech.edu/

Vermont Technical College https://www.vtc.edu/

Cal Poly San Luis Obispo – California State University
https://www2.calstate.edu/attend/campuses/san-luis-obispo

University of Alabama https://www.ua.edu/

U.S. Agencies and Labs of Interest

United States Department of Defense (DoD) https://www.defense.gov

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) https://www.darpa.mil/

Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) Energetics Center Indian Head http://www.navsea.navy.mil/Home/Warfare-Centers/NSWC-Indian-Head-EOD-Technology/Who-We-Are/

Naval Surface Warfare Center, Dahlgren Division (NSWCDDhttp://www.navsea.navy.mil/Home/Warfare-Centers/NSWC-Dahlgren/

Naval Surface Warfare Center, Indian Head Division http://www.navsea.navy.mil/Home/Warfare-Centers/NSWC-Indian-Head-EOD-Technology/

NASA Langley Research Center https://www.nasa.gov/langley

Federal Aviation Administration https://www.faa.gov/

NASA Glenn Research Center –editor note- A search for ‘fusion’ out of the NASA Technology Gateway yields this out of Glenn Research Center… “Methods and Apparatus for Enhanced Nuclear Reactions” Reference Number LEW-19366-1 Contact us for information about this technology NASA Glenn Research Center Innovation Projects Office ttp@grc.nasa.gov -end note https://www.nasa.gov/centers/glenn/home/index.html

Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR) www.public.navy.mil/spawar

Recommended Reading

2016 March 19 article by Greg Goble
title “LENR NRNF Low Energy Nuclear Reaction NonRadioactive Nuclear Flight US and EU Applied Engineering”

Chapter 2

LENR at NASA GRC Advanced Energy Conversion Project

Discussion

  • Frank Akland at E-Catworld.com
    What are your opinions of these claims?
    I am asking this of you, and a few others.
    Steven Krivit
    Peter Hagelstein
    Dr. Andrea Rossi
    Dr. Francis Tanzella
    Dr. Swartz
    Florian Metzler
    Jeff Driscoll
    Also soon, to a few others I will frame a similar question.

    – Greg Goble

  • I decided to compile this review a number of months ago. The reason being, I had asked a few editors of LENR news sites what they thought of the claims being made by Global Energy Corporation, see in the review “2017 Global Energy Corporation LENR Update (SPAWAR LENR tech)“. Each editor asked me to provide any recent follow up to those claims. None that I could find. So I decided to compile a review as a frame of reference for the question.

    I ask of each of you…
    “What is your opinion? Are the claims of GEC credible, perhaps credible, or not?
    Thanks for your consideration
    The original review, here at kinja, is continuously being updated as information becomes available.
    View the latest edition to keep updated.

    gbgoblenote – The review is open-sourced for any to use. If doing so, please include the edition date in this format ( ed1/26/2018gbgoble )
    Any leads to be included in the review are so appreciated.

    gbgoble@gmail.com (415) 548-3735

 

Video, Brief Introduction to Cold Fusion

This is a critical review of the video linked below. It is not an overall assessment of the video, which is, in many ways, and if properly framed, quite good. It could be better, and hopefully we will create better, more effective, more powerful. We should be running focus groups. What information and activity is actually transformational? How can we know?

Copied from lenr-canr.org

YouTube video: Brief Introduction to Cold Fusion

We have published a 6-minute video, A Brief Introduction to Cold Fusion. This video explains why we know that cold fusion is a real effect, why it is not yet a practical source of energy, and why it will  have many advantages if it can be made practical. The script for this video along with Explanatory Notes and Additional Resources is here.

So I will be looking for three things: why we know, why not yet, and why it will have many advantages. These are, to some extent, optimistic, statements about a complex reality that are possible, but not yet certain. The reality of what is called “cold fusion” — which is a name for what is more neutrally called the “Anomalous Heat Effect,” or the “Fleischmann-Pons Heat Effect — is a preponderance of the evidence conclusion, no longer seriously challenged in scientific journals, but the explanation (the mechanism) remains highly controversial. “Fusion” in this, if understood traditionally, is probably impossible, hence the common opinion. But the mechanism, whatever it is, apparently converts deuterium to helium, which is a fusion result, but not necessarily the product of two deuterons being smashed together, which probably does require high temperatures or pressures . . . or some special catalyst, like muons. “Cold fusion,” though requires something else than a catalyst that merely brings deuterons together, because that reaction has known products. Something else is happening.

From the script page:

Script in English (in bold)

Cold fusion is a complex scientific subject with a 25 year history. This video was an attempt to compress a few facts about it into 6 minutes. Naturally, it left out a great deal of information and it oversimplified the topic. However, we hope that it was technically accurate and that it presented some of the important aspects of the research. Here is the voice-over script from the video, followed by some explanatory information and additional resources.

On March 23rd, 1989, two chemists stunned the world when they announced that they had achieved cold fusion in a laboratory. Martin Fleischmann, one of Britain’s leading electrochemists, and his colleague Stanley Pons, then chairman of the University of Utah’s chemistry department, reported that they were able to create a nuclear reaction at room temperature in a test tube.

This is fine for certain contexts. However, this will immediately put off almost anyone with substantial physics education, and people without that education often know people with it, and will ask them. The report was largely an error; that is, they had found a real heat effect, it is now reasonably clear, but their nuclear measurements were incorrect, what they were reporting really didn’t look like “fusion,” and their understanding was also incorrect.

Technical detail: it wasn’t a “test tube,” that’s only slightly better than the “jam jar” dismissal from skeptics. It was an electrolysis apparatus in a Dewar flask.

Since then, cold fusion has been replicated in hundreds of experiments, in dozens of major laboratories – all reporting similar results under similar conditions.

Again, “cold fusion” is a fuzzy idea, not a specific experiment to be replicated. When people started looking for it, reports were all over the map. Until some years later, “negative replications” — often rooted in poor assumptions and doomed to fail — outnumbered the positive; positive “confirmations” — a better term for a general confirmation of some anamalous effect — were rare at first. Those who did confirm (and the few who actually replicated) have said this was the most difficult experiment they had ever done. The conditions were poorly understood, Pons and Fleischmann did not make them clear, if they even knew. It was a mess.

But what is cold fusion, and how do we know it is real?

Two questions. Most physicists will answer the first question in a way that generates strong evidence that “it” is not real. Further, who is “we”? Jed Rothwell and friends? How about the U.S. DoE panel, the nine members out of eighteen who considered the evidence for an anomalous heat effect “conclusive”?

The most conservative definition has “cold fusion” be a popular name for an anomalous heat effect observed under certain conditions, difficult to control reliably, so far.

Cold fusion is a nuclear reaction that generates heat without burning chemical fuel.

That is, it is “anomalous” because expert chemists have concluded that the heat is not coming from a chemical reaction. The panel was less certain about the reaction being “nuclear.” However, that review was hasty and the panel was not necessarily thoroughly informed. There is direct nuclear evidence.

Cold fusion has reached temperatures and power density roughly as high as the core of a nuclear fission power reactor.

This is controversial within the field. Most reports, by far, are at much lower temperatures. As to power density, the reaction appears to be a surface effect, so the actual power density is even higher, but in a very small region, so net power is normally not large, and the claim sounds extravagant, and what really matters is net energy, over time. There are reports that are encouraging, so as will be shown, but they have mostly not been confirmed.

Unlike most other nuclear reactions, it does not produce dangerous penetrating radiation. Because it consumes hydrogen in a nuclear process, rather than a chemical process, the hydrogen generates millions of times more energy than the best chemical fuels such as gasoline and paraffin.

We don’t know what is actually happening, it’s difficult to study cold fusion, because of the reliability problem. Progress is being made. There is evidence that the original effect does convert deuterium to helium, which is a very energetic reaction, as described. The “millions of times more energy than the best chemical fuels” is correct, if it is per unit mass of the fuel.

Hydrogen fuel is virtually free, and cold fusion devices are small, relatively simple, and inexpensive. They are self-contained, about the size, shape and cost of a NiCad battery. They are nothing like gigantic nuclear power reactors. So the cost of the energy with cold fusion would be low.

Without being clear about it, this gets into speculation. We don’t have a “lab rat,” a “cold fusion device” generating significant energy, reliably. So we don’t know what one will be like. There are reported experimental devices that may be like the description, but they are unconfirmed. We don’t know what processing will be needed to make such devices, and for how long they will work, so we cannot know what the cost will be. As well, we don’t know that ordinary hydrogen will suffice. There are reports of energy release with ordinary hydrogen, but that work is not strongly confirmed yet. (It’s getting there). The energy levels reported are erratic, and not yet high, usually. We don’t know the product from ordinary hydrogen reactions., that is unlike the situation with heavy hydrogen (deuterium), the major product is helium, which is a confirmed result.

What is described seems possible to those working in the field, but “size of a NiCad battery” could be misleading. Maybe. Maybe not.

If researchers can learn to control cold fusion and make it occur on demand, it might become a practical source of energy — providing inexhaustible energy for billions of years. It would also eliminate the threat of global warming because it does not produce carbon dioxide.

Yes. If. And it could. The more energetic fuel is deuterium, and there is plenty of deuterium in the oceans. If hydrogen works, it is truly plentiful, but what is the product? Ed Storms thinks that it would be deuterium, but this is speculation, so far. Yes, there is no reason to think that cold fusion will produce “carbon dioxide,” but it might produce heat pollution, depending on how it’s used. (Solar energy can also produce heat pollution if the collecting structures absorb extra energy that would otherwise be reflected back into space.) As well, the claim of “inexhaustible energy” looks . . . premature. Even if it is actually possible. We have a public relations problem, and it won’t go away by denying it.

Most cold fusion reactors produce low heat – less than a watt – but a few have been much hotter. Here are 124 tests from various laboratories, grouped from high power to low. Only a few produced high power. Most produced less than 20 watts.

Yes. Now, why this variation? Skeptics will point to the file drawer effect or confirmation bias. How far one should go into this in an introductory video is a question, to be sure. What is the goal of the video? Information? Or is it “news you can use”? Use for what?

In 1996, at Toyota’s IMRA research lab in Europe, a series of reactors produced 30 to 100 watts, which was easy to detect. They continued to produce heat for weeks, far longer than any chemical device could.

According to whom? That’s important! These reports were not confirmed. Why not? With such strong results, why wasn’t this broadly accepted and then widely confirmed? As well, Toyota shut that lab down. Why? Power levels can be misleading if net energy is not reported.

In the explanatory notes, Rothwell refers to Roulette et al (1996), a conference paper. I find this paper difficult to understand. The plotted results look like nothing I’ve seen from other cold fusion experiments. I don’t think this paper should be given to newcomers, not without a guide.

The core of the Toyota reactor was about the size of a birthday cake candle. A candle burning at 100 watts uses up all of the fuel in 7 minutes, whereas one of the Toyota devices ran at 100 watts continuously for 30 days. That’s thousands of times longer than the candle. It produced thousands of times more energy than the best chemical fuel.

That sounds great. What might not sound so great is that Roulette et al report on seven experiments. Four produced no excess heat. One only ran at 100 watts, I think. I don’t trust that I understand anything from that paper. The COP for that run was 1.5, which is not impressive. Now, if they had measured helium . . . . we might actually know if that power figure was accurate!

Calling this a core will create a picture that isn’t like the actual experiments. This would be the electrolytic cathode, believed to be the source of the heat, and even skeptics like Kirk Shanahan will point to the cathode as the site of heat generation (but suspecting that it is chemistry, combined with error in measuring heat. Under some circumstances, a small systematic error could create the appearance of high energy production. What this boils down to, for someone not able to assess the reality behind the experiments themselves, is impressions about the skill and knowledge and accuracy of those making the measurements, For an unconfirmed report, and to be widely accepted, independent confirmation is needed. What is being reported here has not been independently confirmed, and the work did not continue.

So, if the tests were so promising, and were able to achieve such high power density and run so long . . . Why hasn’t cold fusion become a practical source of energy?

The answer given is misleading. Were those tests “promising”? There is a lost performative. “Promising” is not a fact, it’s an opinion. According to whom? The reputation of Toyota is called upon to make this look very positive. But who decided to shut that operation down? Who decided not to follow u?. Why did others not replicate these results?

Because cold fusion reactions can only be replicated under rare conditions that are difficult to achieve, even for experts.

There was no pause between the question and “Because.”The script reader was very good, generally, professional, but that was an error.

The conditions won’t be rare when we know how to create them. We don’t. We have inklings, clues. This does not explain why the IMRA work was shut down, why it did not create reliable designs for anyone to investigate. The way that work is reported in the video makes it seem that they were able to create reliability, but were they?

There are answers to these questions, I’m confident, but not that we know them with certainty.

It’s like making a soufflé. If you forget to put the egg whites in the soufflé – even if you set the right temperature and do everything else correctly – you get no soufflé. But when the right conditions are achieved, the reaction always turns on.

This is facile. Yes, obviously, there are necessary conditions. But notice:

SRI International and the Italian Agency for New Technology were able to get all of the critical factors just right – and achieve the cold fusion reaction in several tests.

Several tests? Out of how many? And how do we know what the “cold fusion reaction” is? Mostly, in some tests, very little energy is created. In very few, it seems to be more.  This does not explain why such promising results, as claimed above, were unconfirmed. Surely they knew what they did! This technology, I estimate, if developed, could be worth a trillion dollars per year. So what stopped this?

It is not difficult for an expert to reach a ratio of hydrogen atoms to palladium atoms of about 60%. This takes a few days. But it isn’t high enough to trigger a cold fusion effect. You have to go higher, and the higher you go, the harder it gets. But with the right kind of metal and good techniques, the amount of hydrogen in the metal gradually rises. When it reaches 90 atoms, and other conditions are met – bingo – the cold fusion reaction turns on.

Yes, “other conditions.” None of this is well-understood.

That would be “90 atom percent,” not “atoms,” as a rough lower limit. But it’s known how to create that density, and, as well, codeposition is reported as starting up immediately, within minutes (likely, if this is real, from creating loaded material on the surface of the cathode, ab initio.) As well, there is evidence that 90% is not actually necessary for the reaction to continue, but rather high loading modifies the material to create “nuclear active environment.” Storms posits very small cracks on the surface. Hagelstein is looking at a material with “superabundant vacancies.” We don’t know. But the basic question of why we don’t know yet, has not been answered. “It’s difficult” is not an answer. They did it in France, allegedly. Did they?

This graph shows an exponential increase in power when the ratio of hydrogen atoms to palladium atoms exceeded 90%. A Toyota lab also saw the exponential increase above 90%.

Hundreds of other researchers have seen the same effect.

That is, a similar result. However, calorimetry error could correlate with loading. The material behaves differently above 60-70% loading. I’m not confident in the statement. Where is the review paper?

Another factor that makes the cold fusion effect turn on is electrical current density. The higher it gets, the more intense the cold fusion reaction becomes – when there is a reaction, that is.

I would expect calorimetry error to also correlate with current density. Yes, I know the experiments, and I personally consider that unlikely. But this is circumstantial evidence, and there is far better, more direct evidence, which is not mentioned in this video, even though it is easy to understand.

If there is no reaction in the first place, because, for example, the ratio of hydrogen to palladium doesn’t get above 90%, raising the current does no good.

Yes. That’s evidence of some kind of reality. It’s irrelevant to gas-loaded experiments, where there is no current.

We’ve learned a lot since the Fleischmann and Pons announcement in 1989 – and we know what now must be done. But knowing how to do something doesn’t make it easy.

That’s an odd argument. What, does it require heavy lifting? The real problem could be that unobtainium is needed. But then we would not know how to do the thing.

No, we don’t know what must be done, not adequately. We know some things that sometimes work.

We have to learn more. With enough research, scientists may learn to control cold fusion and make it safe, reliable and cost effective. But it’s going to take thousands of hours of research, and millions of dollars of high-precision equipment. Basic research is expensive.

That is not exactly false, but misses a great deal. There is research that can be done that is not expensive, if there are people willing to work on it without being paid, or without being paid high salaries. The best work in the field was done by Melvin Miles, in 1991 and later. He did not need “millions of dollars of high-precision equipment.” He needed access to a lab willing to do helium analysis, provided with samples. To run a few experiments, one does not need to buy that kind of equipment.

If measurement technology is not available, why not? Answering that would take us closer to the reality of why cold fusion has not been developed adequately.

There are reports of tritium production, never correlated with heat. Confirming this could use commercial tritium analysis, it’s not cheap, but not terribly expensive, either. Can funding be obtained? If not, why not? Mostly, my sense, there are few well-designed proposals. I don’t see good proposals languishing for lack of funding. I see a dearth of good proposals! And that’s agreed among some of the top researchers in the field.

However, if this pans out, it will reduce the cost of energy worldwide to practically zero, saving several billion dollars per day.

Again, we don’t know that. It may be possible, to be sure.

This might happen as quickly as microcomputers replaced mainframe computers, or the speed at which the Internet expanded after 1990. It can happen quickly because it requires no distribution infrastructure and it calls for only a few changes to most core technology.

Again, this is building a sand castle without knowing when and where the tide will come in.

In other words, a cold fusion-powered car would not need a gas station because you could run it for a year with a spoonful of fuel, costing a few cents. But that is information for another video, another day.

It seems possible, but we are nowhere near this. Well-known claims from Andrea Rossi were almost certainly fraudulent. The “fuel” described would have to be light hydrogen, and we don’t know if practical light hydrogen reactors are possible. If heavy hydrogen (deuterium) is required, I have a kilogram of heavy water in my kitchen cabinet, it cost me $600. What fuel is being described? The real cost could be the catalyst, how long does it work? Will it need to be replaced and reprocessed? If it is being used for high energy output, it’s wildly optimistic to think that it will take a licking and keep on ticking!

To learn more about the potentially groundbreaking research surrounding cold fusion, please visit LENR.org. Thank you.

No actual link given. However, entering lenr.org in my browser gives me the home page for lenr-canr.org. Commonly, videos will refer to a link “below.” That reference is missing, but there is, in fact, text below, with a link:

A six-minute introduction to cold fusion (the Fleischmann-Pons effect). The script and Explanatory Notes and Additional Resources are here: http://lenr-canr.org/wordpress/?page_… This video explains why we know that cold fusion is a real effect, why it is not yet a practical source of energy, and why it will have many advantages if it can be made practical. For more information, please see http://lenr-canr.org

In that, a more neutral name for “cold fusion” was given. That explanation belonged at the beginning of the video. Over-enthusiastic promotion of “cold fusion” can backfire. It’s actually an unknown nuclear reaction, and the direct evidence that the FP Heat Effect is nuclear is not mentioned in the video. Hence it’s likely to turn off people with a knowledge of physics. And if someone has no knowledge of physics and believes the video, and then argues with someone with knowledge, they will be slaughtered, so to speak.

Hence I support being very clear about what we actually know and how we know it, and distinguishing this from possibility.

The video and the comment should invite participation and support, not merely offer “information.” How can we interest people in becoming involved, and then invite them in such a way that they accept and connect? I don’t see that the video actually explains what the comment claims.

In any case, the video comment should link to a specific followup page, so that click-through can be measured, and, as well, so that the page can be specific for a new audience, presenting options. Possibilities:

  1. subscription to a mailing list
  2. donation to Cold Fusion Now, as a political organization to support cold fusion.
  3. Other donation/subscription/purchase opportunities. T-shirts? (Cold Fusion Now).
  4. links to cold fusion resources, especially with organized access.
  5. an on-line cold fusion course to cover the basics … and continuing into details.
  6. how about a lecture tour?
  7. political action possibilities?
  8. There is no Who in the video, as to living personalities important in the field. That can be remedied in the follow-up page, perhaps with links to Ruby’s interviews.

Next, I will suggest a landing page.