Flagged Revisions installed. Unapproved pages display a Red unchecked notice under the title. Trolls attack here by creating and archiving pages with offensive content. To verify an archived page, check the original URL. Questions about administration? Contact User talk:Abd. Limited privacy on this site, see CFC:Limited privacy
|Please share your thoughts about whether to keep this resource or not. Resources are likely to remain at Wikiversity when you boldly address reasonable concerns through concrete improvements. We encourage you to give resources a chance to receive fair reviews and concrete improvements by keeping nomination notices intact.|
This page is based on a list I created on my personal web site. I placed it on Wikiversity and it is now linked to the Parapsychology page on this site. This material includes some of my personal opinions, and those of others, along with lists of relevant articles, mostly found in peer-reviewed journals. --DeanRadin (discuss • contribs) 19:23, 25 May 2014 (UTC)
The international professional organization for scientists and scholars interested in psychic phenomena (often abbreviated as "psi", which is not an acronym, just a letter of the Greek alphabet) is the Parapsychological Association, an elected affiliate (since 1969) of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
The bibliography below is a subset of peer-reviewed journal articles reporting studies of psychic phenomena, mostly published in the 21st century. There are also some important papers of historical interest. A comprehensive list would run into thousands of articles, however, this list will provide sources covering major historical items of interest up to the present.
This is not a tendentious list. As such, it incorporates articles and essays both favorable and critical to parapsychology. Many of the critiques have been helpful in improving experimental methodologies, from the earlier periods of investigation to more recent times. However, other critiques have introduced persistent distortions into the historical record.
For example, skeptical sociologist Marcello Truzzi wrote critiques of some of the most prominent critics, including C.E.M. Hansel (see Zetetic Scholar, 7, p. 5) and James Randi (Zetetic Scholar, 12/13, pp. 73-98). In earlier times, Walter Franklin Prince wrote about errors and distortions he found in the writings of the most prominent critics of his day (in e.g. The Enchanted Boundary: Being a Survey of Negative Reactions to Claims of Psychic Phenomena, 1820-1930). In 1985, Irv Child, a Yale University psychologist, also wrote about distortions about this work that appeared in psychology textbooks. Such differences in original reports and how those reports are later described by critics suggests that this field, like any controversial topic, carries with it deep metaphysical and psychological challenges. The historical reaction to the field is in many ways a sociological issue.
Fraud has often been associated with "the paranormal," especially as it is portrayed in popular media and when it comes to the behavior of con artists who prey on the vulnerable. But fraud among investigators of parapsychological phenomena has been rare, and the few cases of fraud discovered in experimental work has been brought to light by parapsychologists themselves.
Critiques commonly asserted about parapsychology, such as “these phenomena are impossible,” or “there’s no valid scientific evidence,” or “the results are all due to fraud,” have been vigorously debated for over a century. Despite such claims, positive experimental evidence has accumulated and it continues to be published in peer-reviewed scientific journals. Most of the meaningful debates about these phenomena revolve around about interpretation and adequacy of the evidence, providing clearer definitions of the nature of "psi," and how to best understand these phenomena from a scientific perspective.
In 1995, a Parapsychology/FAQ was written by an ad hoc committee of parapsychologists, most of whom were members of the Parapsychological Association. The FAQ was placed online and has since been developed and revised several times. It is useful in answering many questions commonly asked about parapsychology.
The following list is mostly of peer-reviewed articles, or other links to item specific books and other articles of interest:
- 1 General Overviews & Critiques
- 2 Articles related to telepathy (mind-to-mind communication) and clairvoyance (perception of events beyond the normal physical senses)
- 3 Distant intentional healing, including intercessory prayer
- 4 Physiological influences at a distance, including distant EEG correlations
- 5 Survival of consciousness after bodily death, including mediumship studies
- 6 Retrocognition, or perception of past events
- 7 Precognition and presentiment, or perception of future events
- 8 Mind-matter interaction
- 9 Theoretical models
- 10 Potential applications
General Overviews & Critiques
McLuhan (no date). Fraud in psi research.
Topics of historical interest
Lang (1909). The Making of Religion.
Wallace (1898). The Opposition to Hypnotism and Psychical Research.
Medhurst & Goldney (1964). William Crookes and the physical phenomena of mediumship.
Medhurst (1965). Further Light on the Anderson Testimony
Funk (1911). The Widow's Mite and Other Psychic Phenomena.
Carrington (1920). The Physical Phenomena of Spiritualism: The Fraudulent and the Genuine.
Dingwall & Price (1922). Revelations of a Spirit Medium.
Richet (1922). Traité de métapsychique.
Randall (2002). Harry Price: The Case for the Defence.
Rhine (1940/1966). ESP After 60 Years.
Price (1955). Science and the Supernatural.
Broad (1962). Lectures on Psychical Research.
Hansen (1990). Deception by Subjects in Psi Research.
Hansen (1992). The Research With B.D. And The Legacy Of Magical Ignorance.
Topics of modern interest
Rao & Palmer (1987). The anomaly called psi: Recent research and criticism.
Palmer, Honorton, & Utts (1988). Reply to the National Research Council Study on Parapsychology.
Hansen (1990). Magicians Who Endorsed Psychic Phenomena.
Bauer & Lacadou (1991). A strawman called “psi”—Or: What is Professor Bunge afraid of?
Hansen (1992). CSICOP and the Skeptics: An Overview. (covers, among other things, misleading statements by James Randi regarding the Targ-Puthoff/Geller experiments)
Utts (1995). An Assessment of the Evidence for Psychic Functioning.
Hyman (1995). Evaluation of a Program on Anomalous Mental Phenomena.
Utts (1996). Response to Ray Hyman's Report
Mishlove (1997). Extrasensory Perception (ESP)
Mishlove (1997). Psychokinesis (discusses controversies with PEAR RNG-PK experiments, etc)
Radin (1997). A Field guide to Skepticism.
Josephson (1999). Unfounded criticism of a parapsychology book in Nature.
Wiseman & Milton (1999). Experiment One of the SAIC Remote Viewing Program: A critical reevaluation
Alcock (2003). Give the null hypothesis a chance.
Parker & Brusewitz (2003). A compendium of the evidence for psi.
Topics of contemporary interest
French (2008). Is Parapsychology a Pseudoscience?
Smith (2009). Is Physicalism "Really" True? (overviews remote viewing controversies, among other things)
Derakhshani (2011). An alternative take on ESP.
Pigliucci (2012). On Parapsychology.
Cardeña (2014). A call for an open, informed study of all aspects of consciousness.
Dingwall (1922). An Experiment With the Polish Medium Stephan Ossowiecki.
Bender (1938). The Case of Ilga K: Report of a Phenomenon of Unusual Perception.
Targ & Puthoff (1974). Information transmission under conditions of sensory shielding.
Eisenberg & Donderi (1979). Telepathic transfer of emotional information in humans.
Sherwood & Roe (2003). A Review of Dream ESP Studies Conducted Since the Maimonides Dream ESP Programme
Hansen, Utts, & Markwick (1992). Critique of the PEAR Remote Viewing Experiments
Dobyne, Dunne, Jahn, & Nelson (1992). Response to Hansen, Utts, and Markwick: Statistical and Methodological Problems of the PEAR Remote Viewing (sic) Experiments.
Bem & Honorton (1994). Does psi exist?
Hyman (1994). Anomaly or artifact? Comments on Bem and Honorton
Bem (1994). Response to Hyman
Milton & Wiseman (1999). Does Psi Exist? Lack of Replication of an Anomalous Process of Information Transfer
Sheldrake & Smart (2000). Testing a return-anticipating dog, Kane.
Sheldrake & Smart (2000). A dog that seems to know when his owner to coming home: Videotaped experiments and observations.
Milton & Wiseman (2001). Does Psi Exist? Reply to Storm and Ertel (2001)
Bem, Palmer, & Broughton (2001). Updating the Ganzfeld Database: A Victim of its own Success?
Sheldrake & Morgana (2003). Testing a language-using parrot for telepathy.
Sheldrake & Smart (2003). Videotaped experiments on telephone telepathy.
Delgado-Romero & Howard (2005). Finding and Correcting Flawed Research Literatures
Hastings (2007). Comment on Delgado-Romero and Howard
Radin (2007). Finding Or Imagining Flawed Research?
Tressoldi, Storm, & Radin (2010). Extrasensory Perception and Quantum Models of Cognition
Storm et al (2010). A Meta-Analysis With Nothing to Hide: Reply to Hyman (2010)
Tressoldi et al (2011). Mental Connection at Distance: Useful for Solving Difficult Tasks?
Williams (2011). Revisiting the Ganzfeld ESP Debate: A Basic Review and Assessment
Distant intentional healing, including intercessory prayer
Astin et al (2000). The Efficacy of “Distant Healing”: A Systematic Review of Randomized Trials
Krucoff et al (2001).Integrative noetic therapies as adjuncts to percutaneous intervention during unstable coronary syndromes: Monitoring and Actualization of Noetic Training (MANTRA) feasibility pilot
Radin et al (2004). Possible effects of healing intention on cell cultures and truly random events.
Masters & Spielmans (2007). Prayer and Health: Review, Meta-Analysis, and Research Agenda
Schlitz et al (2012). Distant healing of surgical wounds: An exploratory study.
Physiological influences at a distance, including distant EEG correlations
Duane & Behrendt (1965). Extrasensory electroencephalographic induction between identical twins.
Grinberg-Zylberbaum et al (1994). The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox in the Brain: The transferred potential
Wiseman & Schlitz (1997). Experimenter effects and the remote detection of staring.
Wackermann et al (2003). Correlations between brain electrical activities of two spatially separated human subjects
Schmidt et al (2004). Distant intentionality and the feeling of being stared at: Two meta-analyses
Radin & Schlitz (2005). Gut feelings, intuition, and emotions: An exploratory study.
Schlitz et al (2006). Of two minds: Skeptic-proponent collaboration within parapsychology.
Moulton & Kosslyn (2008). Using neuroimaging to resolve the psi debate.
Parker & Jensen (2013). Further possible physiological connectedness between identical twins: The London study.
Survival of consciousness after bodily death, including mediumship studies
Myers (1903). Human Personality and Its Survival of Bodily Death.
Gauld (1968). Critics of Mrs. Piper.
Hyslop (1905). Science and a Future Life.
Dingwall & Langdon-Davies (1956). Mental Mediums and Survival.
Ducasse (1961). A Critical Examination of the Belief in a Life After Death
Smith (1964). The Mediumship of Mrs. Leonard.
Gauld (1982). Mediumship and Survival: A Century of Investigations.
Almeder (1997). A Critique of Arguments Offered Against Reincarnation
Ring & Cooper (1998). Near-Death and Out-of-Body Experiences in the Blind: A Study of Apparent Eyeless Vision.
van Lommel et al (2001). Near-death experience in survivors of cardiac arrest: a prospective study in the Netherlands.
van Lommel (2003). Open Letter to Michael Shermer
van Lommel (2006). Near-death experience, consciousness, and the brain.
Beischel & Schwartz (2007). Anomalous information reception by research mediums demonstrated using a novel triple-blind protocol
Kelly (2010). Some directions for mediumship research.
Kelly & Arcangel (2011). An investigation of mediums who claim to give information about deceased persons.
Nahm et al (2011). Terminal lucidity: A review and a case collection.
Facco & Agrillo (2012). Near-death experiences between science and prejudice.
Retrocognition, or perception of past events
Patel (2004). Who Really Discovered Deep-Sea Volcanoes?
Precognition and presentiment, or perception of future events
Honorton & Ferrari (1989). “Future telling”: A meta-analysis of forced-choice precognition experiments, 1935-1987
Spottiswoode & May (2003). Skin Conductance Prestimulus Response: Analyses, Artifacts and a Pilot Study
Radin (2004). Electrodermal presentiments of future emotions.
McCraty et al (2004). Electrophysiological Evidence of Intuition: Part 1. The Surprising Role of the Heart
McCraty et al (2004). Electrophysiological Evidence of Intuition: Part 2. A System-Wide Process?
Radin & Lobach (2007). Toward understanding the placebo effect: Investigating a possible retrocausal factor.
Radin & Borges (2009). Intuition through time: What does the seer see?
Bem et al (2011). Must Psychologists Change the Way They Analyze Their Data?
Galek et al (2012). Correcting the Past: Failures to Replicate Psi
Mossbridge et al (2012). Predictive physiological anticipation preceding seemingly unpredictable stimuli: a meta-analysis
Schoch (2012). Mysteries, Miracles, & Parapsychology
Dingwall (1953). Psychological Problems Arising from a Report of Telekinesis.
Merrifield (1885/1971). Merrifield’s report (on D. D. Home)
Myers and Barrett (1889). Review of "DD Home: His Life and Mission", with appendices offering additional evidence.
Myers (1890). Review of "The Gift of DD Home".
Braude (1985). Review of "The enigma of Daniel Home" by Trevor Hall.
Crookes (1874 & 1889-1890), Medhurst, Goldney, & Barrington (1972). Crookes and the Spirit World.
Maxwell (1905). Metapsychical Phenomena.
Carrington (1909). Eusapia Palladino and Her Phenomena.
Braude (1997). Richard Wiseman's Critique of the Feilding Report Refuted.
Polidoro & Rinaldi (1998). Eusapia's Sapient Foot - A New Consideration Of The Feilding Report
Martínez-Taboas (1999). Some Critical Comments On The Thesis Of Eusapias Salient Foot.
Tillyard (1926). Science and Psychical Research
Price (1939). Stella C.
(Various) (no date). Harry Price & Stella Cranshaw - The 'Electric Girl'
Gregory (1977). Anatomy of a Fraud.
Harrison (1987). Harry Price and the Rudi Schneider Phenomena.
Schmidt (1987). The strange properties of psychokinesis.
Radin & Nelson (1989). Evidence for consciousness-related anomalies in random physical systems
Schmidt (1990). Correlation between mental processes and external random events
Radin & Ferrari (1991). Effects of consciousness on the fall of dice: A meta-analysis
Nelson et al (2002). Correlations of continuous random data with major world events.
Crawford et al (2003). Alterations in Random Event Measures Associated with a Healing Practice
Freedman et al (2003). Effects of Frontal Lobe Lesions on Intentionality and Random Physical Phenomena
Bierman (2004). Does consciousness collapse the wave function?
Jahn & Dunne (2005). The PEAR Proposition.
Radin et al (2006). Assessing the Evidence for Mind-Matter Interaction Effects
Radin (2006). Experiments testing models of mind-matter interaction.
Nelson & Bancel (2011). Effects of mass consciousness: Changes in random data during global events.
Radin et al (2012). Consciousness and the double-slit interference pattern: Six experiments
Radin et al (2013). Psychophysical interactions with a double-slit interference pattern
Josephson & Pallikari-Viras (1991). Biological Utilisation of Quantum NonLocality
Houtkooper (2002). Arguing for an Observational Theory of Paranormal Phenomena
Bierman (2003). Does Consciousness Collapse the Wave-Packet?
Dunne & Jahn (2005). Consciousness, information, and living systems
Henry (2005). The mental universe
Hiley & Pylkkanen (2005). Can Mind Affect Matter Via Active Information?
Lucadou et al (2007). Synchronistic Phenomena as Entanglement Correlations in Generalized Quantum Theory
Tressoldi et al (2010). Extrasensory perception and quantum models of cognition.
Carpenter (2011). Laboratory psi effects may be put to practical use: Two pilot studies
Schwartz (1980/2000). Location and reconstruction of a Byzantine structure … [by remote viewing]