United States Government LENR Energy 2018

Original here. copied, page version as of 8/10/2018. See comment below for edition date information.

Section header links added by Abd.

Review comments inserted in indented italics by Abd.

Image of U.S. Capitol

The government of the United States of America has filed many ‘cold fusion’ patents. These low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) patents take time to develop, often a number of years before filing with a patent office; each being a tedious project unto itself. One patent’s development began with a contract from NSWC, Indian Head Division in 2008, “Deuterium Reactor” US 20130235963 A1, by Pharis Edward Williams. This patent was not filed till 2012, after four years of development. Also, a delay can occur between the patent filing date and publication date if the patent is deemed a matter of national security. This may be the case with the 2007 SPAWAR patent, System and Method for Generating Particles US8419919B1, with a filing date of Sep. 21, 2007 and publication date of Apr. 16, 2013, a delay of six years. Usually a patent gets published (becomes exposed) within one or two years of the filing date, rarely longer; for a delay of six years there seems to be no other plausible explanation.

Greg often asserts a reason with a comment like “there seems to be no other plausible explanation.” There are always other explanations, some of which might be plausible, and absence of evidence is not evidence of absence, “explanations” are the same, it can be a failure of imagination, and I suggest keeping this in mind. Otherwise conspiracy theories can be built on what is not known. In this case, any patent relating to LENR might experience substantial delays in publication. Many are never granted, for various reasons. We do know that the SPAWAR patent involved what was, at one time, secret, the generation of neutrons, so what Greg suggests is plausible.

Greg does not provide links, which would be helpful. Links inserted above, and I will note inserted links that were not in the original post.

The Pharis patent was filed with a priority date of 2012-03-12. That application was abandoned, but it was renewed, apparently, 2013-09-12. As shown by Google, this came out of federally sponsored research, but there is no patent assignment shown.

$25,000 was received in 2008 from NSWC, Indian Head Division, to design experiments, review reports, and analyze data. The experiments verified heating using powered/granulated fuel.

The patent itself is naive, more or less an attempt to patent a theory revising basic theory, with no legs. I would predict rejection based on lack of clear enablement, if not for implausibility, as many similar patents have been rejected. Much of the application is irrelevant fluff. If granted, the patent would likely be worthless, unenforceable.

The SPAWAR patent was granted. Notice that it does not mention fusion. It does mention LENR, but as a general concept, LENR does not “enjoy” the massive negative information cascade that leads the USPTO to challenge plausibility for “cold fusion” patents. A security hold is quite plausible as an explanation for the delay. The patent claims reproducibility. That is not a proof that the method has actually been reproduced. If the patent had been held for general implausibility, I’d expect to see evidence of early rejection and the provision of evidence that it had actually been reproduced. Rather, this patent is based on work “reported” by SPAWAR. There were some rather fuzzy attempts at replication, this is not truly confirmed work. But it’s plausible, and, in fact, deserving of replication attempts. And it is now the basis for a possibly more useful technology, als0 plausible, as we will see.

U.S. LENR patent development has been funded through the Air Force, NASA, the Navy and many other Department of Defense labs. The government may retain rights to any of these LENR patents and control licensing agreements. Patent licensing may be granted to those who partnered with government labs in the development of LENR technology, as in SPAWAR JWK LENR technology and the Global Energy Corporation. Included with the patents in this review are U.S. Government funded LENR energy applied engineering programs and presentations, along with a few from related company partners.

There is no evidence shown that “patent development” has been funded. The Pharis patent looks to me to be a private effort by Pharis. However, where research was funded, the government may “retain rights.” The underlying Pharis work was apparently a small-scale consulting contract, $25,000 is small, and I have seen very shallow work that was funded with more than that. If push came to shove, Pharis needed to disclose that funding, but might claim that the patent was his own work, merely inspired by the contract. What rights the government might have, then . . . I’d ask a patent attorney.

A chronological review of U.S. funded ‘cold fusion’ projects and patents, accompanied with a list of the individuals, companies, universities and agencies involved may be helpful in understanding the history of, and to determine the direction of, United States of America government funded LENR energy technologies entering the marketplace.

There is no LENR technology actually entering the marketplace. There has always been a U.S. governmental interest in LENR, and the idea that LENR was actually rejected by the DOE reviews was never accurate. Indeed, it could be argued that in 2004, LENR was substantially accepted, there being major division of opinion among the experts on the panel. Given the extended interest, modest investment in consulting contracts and studies, and some experimental work (SRI was funded by DARPA for at least one major project) would be normal. What this is made to mean could be, and often is, exaggerated.

Boeing, General Electric and many others team up with NASA and the Federal Aviation Administration developing LENR aircraft. Both the SpaceWorks contract with NASA, NASA LENR patent citing the Widom/Larson theory, and the many University, NASA and Corporate joint LENR aerospace presentations point towards NASA partnering with private industry on spaceplanes and Mars. All of these efforts prepare the way for low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) non-radioactive nuclear flight (NRNF).

We have studied those situations. Widom/Larsen theory is warmed-over bullshit, highly implausible, rejected by physicists who accept LENR but reject the theory, because the theory would predict effects that are not observed (with even more implausible ad-hoc explanations of those non-observations, if they are not just ignored), and there is no confirmed technology even close to spaceflight application. There is an exception, possibly (the GEC work), but it, too, could be an extrapolation from unconfirmed results.

Boeing and others took on the task of identifying a series of highly speculative ideas for space flight, and LENR has been included. The reports indicate the problems as well. None of this indicates major progress in the basic science of LENR. Space flight and other major application would require reliable protocols, the first sign of which would be what is called a “lab rat” in the field, a reproducible experiment that can easily be replicated and studied. There is no plausible claim that such has ever been confirmed, and general agreement that it would be highly desirable. McKubre has stated that even modest reliability (say, excess heat in half the attempts) would be valuable.

The SPAWAR and JWK partnership developed a different form of LENR energy technology. SPAWAR JWK LENR technology transmutes nuclear waste to benign elements while creating high process heat. The SPAWAR JWK LENR tech group is partnered with Global Energy Corporation (GEC). Applied engineering has culminated in the GEC ‘GeNie’ LENR reactor(s) placed in unit with a helium closed-cycle gas turbine electrical generator. This unit is called the GEC ‘Small Modular Generator’ (SMG). Recent commercialization claims are, “GEC is currently negotiating several new SMG construction contracts ranging from 250MWe to 5GWe around the world”. This LENR energy technology leads towards massive electrical power generation and the worldwide cleanup of highly radioactive nuclear waste.

Again, unconfirmed claims of low-level experimental results are extrapolated to commercially useful levels. Generally, as an example, transmutation claims are not associated with heat measurements. There is no available evidence that the “GeNie” reactor actually exists as other than a concept, no evidence that it has ever actually been coupled with an electrical generator, no evidence that heat levels have been produced that could be so harnessed. But extrapolation of low-level results, often still controversial, to higher-level by scaling up, neglecting the reliability problem, i.e., assuming that it can be resolved, is not uncommon, and we have seen many announcements of vaporware. With alleged photos of products. Seeking investment. None of this proves that GEC does not have real devices that could be developed, but there is a lost opportunity cost of maybe a trillion dollars per year from delay in creating commercial LENR applications. So long delay is evidence of confident announcements being fluff.

And contracts may be negotiated based on fluff. They may provide for delivery of a product meeting specifications that cannot be met by any existing devices. It’s like an X-prize. It does not show that X actually exists, or even that it could ever exist, though X-prizes are not declared for anything considered actually impossible by the organization or person establishing the prize.

Recent Lead: NASA/PineScie is a another LENR energy pursuit, different than NASA/Widom Larson or SPAWAR JWK/GEC… Look to future collaboration and theoretical support in the development of various LENR reactor types, by NASA and PineScie, GEC and other spinoff companies.

Greg has sources for what he is claiming, but did not provide them in-line. So to review this takes more work than would otherwise be necessary if he merely cited what he was looking at. There are bloggers who just make claims, and don’t care about setting up conditions to support deeper consideration. Greg does have a list of sources at the end, not linked from the text. (and those were text URLs, not actual links. My blog software here (WordPress) automatically made those into links. Also I just created anchors to the sections of Greg’s post.

Googling PineSci pulls up many LENR community posts, but one of particular interest, which is a Greg Goble Google+ post.

It contains a link that come up with nothing. But it mentions a patent number, US20170263337A1/en

This, then, tells us what “PineScie” [sic] is, obviously a consulting company, “Pinesci consulting,” one of the assignees, along with NASA Glenn Research Center, apparently named after Vladimir Pines and

Editor Note: The following is not necessarily part of the review.

You may include it if you want to. 

“I began to compile this review in the fall of 2017. The reason being, I had asked a few editors of LENR news sites what they thought of the claims being made by Global Energy Corporation. Each editor asked me to provide any recent follow up to those claims. None that I could find; so I decided to compile this review as a frame of reference for the question: What are your opinions of these claims?” – Greg Goble

Please send edit suggestions or leads for the review.

gbgoble@gmail.com (415) 548-3735 -end editor note

United States Government LENR Energy 2018 is Open Source

This review will be updated as new information becomes available, the URL will remain the same. The most recent edition will always be what you see at http://gbgoble.kinja.com Permission is given for anyone to copy and use any part of this review.

Here is a quick link to Chapter 2 of this review:

United States Government LENR Energy 2018 Chapter 1 (edit 5/20/2018 -gbgoble)

1993 Air Force Patent “Method of maximizing anharmonic oscillations in deuterated alloys” US5411654A Filed: Jul. 2, 1993 GRANT issued: Feb. 5, 1995 – Inventors: Brian S. Ahern, Keith H. Johnson, Harry R. Clark Jr. – Assignee: Hydroelectron Ventures Inc, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, US Air Force – This invention was made with U.S. Government support under contract No. F19628-90-C-0002, awarded by the Air Force. The Government has certain rights in this invention. https://patents.google.com/patent/US5411654A

1996 Air Force Patent (a patent continuation) “Amplification of energetic reactions” US20110233061A1 Inventor: Brian S. Ahern – Filing date: Mar 25, 2011 Publication date: Sep 29, 2011. This invention was made with U.S. Government support under contract No. F19-6528-90-C-0002, awarded by the Air Force. The Government has certain rights in this invention. This application is a continuation of Ser. No. 08/331,007, filed Oct. 28, 1994, now abandoned, which is a division of Ser. No. 08/086,821, filed Jul. 2, 1993, now U.S. Pat. No. 5,411,654https://www.google.com/patents/US20110233061A1

2003 NASA LENR Report NASA / CR-2003-212169 “Advanced Energetics for Aeronautical Applications” David S. Alexander, MSE Technology Applications, Inc., Butte, Montana

3.1.5 Low Energy Nuclear Reactions Electrochemically Induced Deuterium Fusion in Palladium

  • The first-discovered form of solid-state fusion was that achieved by electrochemically splitting heavy water in order to cause the deuterium to absorb into pieces of palladium metal. When this experiment is conducted according to procedures that have resulted from the work of many researchers since 1989, it is reproducible.

3.1.6 Nanofusion Background Dr. Brian Ahern, whose background is physics and materials science, claims his nanofusion concept will take advantage of the demonstrated fact that nanosize particles (containing approximately 1,000 to 3,000 atoms) have different chemical and physical properties than bulk-size pieces of the same material. One reason Dr. Ahern gives for this is explained as given below.

  • When a particle of a substance consists of 1,000 to 3,000 atoms in a cluster, there is a higher fraction of surface atoms than for atoms in a bulk piece of the same material.
  • Military research (suggested by the nuclear physicist Enrico Fermi), which had been classified in 1954, but was later declassified, demonstrated that if a cluster of atoms in the 1,000 to 3,000 size range was given an impulse of energy (e.g., as heat) and if a significant number of these atoms have a nonlinear coupling to the rest (e.g., the coupling of surface atoms to interior atoms), the energy will not be shared uniformly among all the atoms in the cluster but will localize on a very small number of these atoms.
  • Thus, a few atoms in the cluster will rapidly acquire a vibrational energy far above what they would have if they were in thermal equilibrium with their neighboring atoms.
  • This “energy localization” explains why clusters in this size range are particularly good catalysts for accelerating chemical reactions.
  • If the cluster is palladium saturated with deuterium, Dr. Ahern claims the localized energy effect will enable a significant number of the deuterons to undergo a nuclear fusion reaction, thereby releasing a high amount of energy. https://www.focus.it/site_stored/old_fileflash/energia/fusioneFredda/FF_doc/2003-02-00_NASA-CR-2003-212169_vol1.pdf

This is a nice report, in general, on LENR, but is not an indication that any advanced technology, close to practical application, is available. Work is reported that has not been confirmed. The LENR material begins on PDF page 56.

2007 SPAWAR JWK American Physical Society Presentation “Time Resolved, High Resolution, γ−Ray and Integrated Charged and Knock-on Particle Measurements of Pd:D Co-deposition Cells” Authors: L.P.G. Forsley and G.W. Phillips (JWK Technologies Corporation), P.A. Mosier-Boss, S. Szpak, and F.E. Gordon (3US Navy SPAWAR Systems Center, San Diego), J.W. Khim (JWK Corporation)

Slide 12 – Conclusions

  • 1. The SPAWAR co-deposition cell consistently, and repeatedly, produces tracks.
  • 2. Tracks are consistent with both nuclear charged particle and neutron knock-on tracks.
  • 3. Tracks are not of chemical origin, although chemical damage may occur.
  • 4. γ data offers insight into nuclear mechanisms causing tracks.
  • 5. More real-time, spectrally resolved, charged particle, neutron and γ diagnostics needed.
  • 6. Robust SPAWAR protocol may allow theory determination. http://newenergytimes.com/v2/library/2007/2007ForsleyL-APS.pdf

2007 JWK Lawrence Forsley New Energy Times Interview “Charged Particles for Dummies: A Conversation with Lawrence P.G. Forsley” By Steven Krivit April 20, 2007.


  • Bio: Lawrence Forsley is president of JWK Technologies Corp. in Annandale, Va., which he joined in 1995, and is a collaborator of the SPAWAR Systems Center San Diego Co-Deposition group. During the past 30 years, he has worked in fusion research as a laser fusion group leader and visiting scientist in chemical engineering at the University of Rochester; a consultant to the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Mirror Fusion TMX-U and MFTF-B experiments; a visiting scientist at the Max Planck Institute for PlasmaPhysics on the ASDEX Tokamak in Garching, Germany; and a principal investigator on a variety of sonoluminescence, palladium/deuterium electrolysis, SPAWAR co-deposition and high Z experiments. He has specialized in temporally, spatially and spectrally resolved visible, ultraviolet, extreme ultraviolet, x-ray, gamma ray, charged particle and neutron measurements. He attended the University of Rochester and taught there for several years. In his spare time, he’s developed and deployed autonomous seismic sensors around the world and applied space-based Differential Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar in places hard to write home from.
  • Prelude: Steven Krivit: I have a bunch of questions about your slide presentation from the March 5 American Physical Society conference. I’d like to go through them with you. Hopefully, I won’t ask any really dumb questions. – end quotes http://newenergytimes.com/v2/news/2007/NET22.shtml#dummies

This is a nice interview on the SPAWAR neutron findings. What is not revealed is the actual neutron flux, which is very important if there is to be an attempt to put it to practical use. CR-39 accumulates tracks in these experiments for hundreds of hours. I don’t know what the efficiency is, i.e., how many neutrons it takes to produce a thousand knock-on tracks; it would also depend on energy. CR-39 can be used for low-level radiation detection because it can be very close to the source. One can see the difference in the front-side tracks, where the CR-39 is immediately adjacent to the cathode, whereas on the back side, there is a whole piece of CR-39 in between, so the “image” of the cathode wires is spread out, a lot. The conversation about 40 MeV alphas was a red herring. The back side tracks are caused by neutrons, it’s a near certainty. But not very many neutrons. Far higher than background, but background neutron radiation is very low.

2007 NASA LENR/National Security “Future Strategic Issues/Future Warfare [Circa 2025]” NASA Dennis Bushnell, June 2007. This presentation based on Futures Work For/With: USAF NWV • USAF 2025 • National Research Council • Army After Next • ACOM Joint Futures • SSG of the CNO • Australian DOD • NRO, DSB • DARPA, SBCCOM • DIA, AFSOC, EB, AU • CIA, STIC, L-M, IDA • APL, ONA, SEALS • ONI, FBI, AWC/SSI • NSAP, SOCOM, CNO • MSIC, TRADOC, QDR • NGIC, JWAC, NAIC • JFCOM, TACOM • SACLANT, OOTW https://fedgeno.com/documents/future-strategic-issues-and-warfare.pdf

2007 SPAWAR Patent “System and method for generating particles”US8419919B1 Filing: Sep 21, 2007 – Publication: Apr 16, 2013 Assignee: JWK International Corporation, The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy – GRANT Issued: Apr 16, 2013Inventors: Pamela A. Boss, Frank E. Gordon, Stanislaw Szpak, Lawrence Parker Galloway Forsley https://www.google.com/patents/US8419919B1

2008 Patent (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech) “A hybrid fusion fast fission reactor”WO2009108331A2 – Publication date: Dec 30, 2009 – Priority date: Feb 25, 2008 Inventors: Lawrence Parker Galloway Forsley, Jay Wook Khim – Applicant: Lawrence Parker Gallow Forsley

  • [011] Recently, Boss (Boss, et al, “Triple Tracks in CR-39 as the result of Pd-D Co- deposition: evidence of energetic neutrons”, Naturwissenschaften, (2009) VoI 96:135- 142) documented the production of deuterium-deuterium (2.45 MeV) and deuterium- tritium (14.1 MeV) fusion neutrons using palladium co-deposition on non-hydriding metals. These energetic neutrons were observed and spectrally resolved using solid state detectors identical to those routinely used in the ICF (DoE lnertial Confinement Fusion program) experiments (Seguin, FH, et al. “Spectrometry of charged particles from inertial-confinement-fusion plasmas” Rev Sci Instrum. 74:975-995. (2003). [012] Boss, et al, filed U.S. Provisional Patent Application Serial No. 60/919,190, on March 14, 2007, entitled “Method and Apparatus for Generating Particles”, which is incorporated by reference in its entirety and Serial No. 11/859,499, [’499] “System and Method for Generating Particles”, filed on September, 21 , 2007, which is incorporated by reference in its entirety. Although that patent teaches a method to generate neutrons and describes in general terms their use, this embodiment teaches another means to fast fission a natural abundance uranium deuteride fuel element driven by DD primary and secondary fusion neutrons within said fuel element. Consequently, a heavily deuterided actinide can be its own source of fast neutrons, with an average neutron kinetic energy greater than 2 MeV and greater than the actinide fission neutron energy. Such energetic neutrons are capable of fissioning both fertile and fissile material. There is no chain reaction. There is no concept of actinide criticality. Purely fertile material, like 232Th or non-fertile isotopes, like 209Bi, may fission producing additional fast neutrons and energy up to 200 MeV/nucleon fissioned. [013] This results in considerable environmental, health physics, and economic savings by using either spent nuclear fuel, mixed oxide nuclear fuel, natural uranium or natural thorium to “stoke the fires of a nuclear furnace” and is the basis for our Green Nuclear Energy technology, or GNE (pronounced, “Genie”). GNE reactors may consume fertile or fissionable isotopes such as 232Th, 235U, 238U, 239Pu, 241Am, and 252Cf, and may consume fission wastes and activation products in situ without requiring fuel reprocessing. GNE reactors may consume spent fuel rods without either mechanical processing or chemical reprocessing. In this regard, GNE reactor technology may be an improvement over proposed Generation IV fission reactor technologies (http://nuclear.enerqv.aov/aenlV/neGenlV1.htmh) under development. GNE may: improve safety (no chain reaction), burn actinides (reduced waste) and provide compatibility with current heat exchanger technology (existing infrastructure). By employing a novel, in situ, very fast neutron source, GNE constitutes a new Generation V hybrid reactor technology, combining aspects of Generation IV fast fission reactors, the DoE Advanced Accelerator reactor, and hybrid fusion/fission systems. It may eliminate the need for uranium enrichment and fuel reprocessing and, consequently, the opportunity for nuclear weapons proliferation through the diversion of fissile isotopes. Advantages of the embodiment of the invention
  • [014] It may be an advantage of one or more of the embodiments of the invention to provide a safer nuclear reactor.
  • [015] Another advantage of one or more of the embodiments may be to provide a nuclear reactor with an internal source of fast neutrons.
  • [016] Another advantage of one or more of the embodiments may be to provide a nuclear reactor that operates with fertile or fissile fuel.
  • [017] A further advantage of one or more of the embodiments may be to provide a nuclear reactor that consumes its own nuclear waste products.
  • [018] A further advantage of one or more of the embodiments may be to provide a means to fission spent fuel rods.
  • [019] Yet another advantage of one or more of the embodiments may be to co- generate heat while consuming nuclear fission products and unspent nuclear fuel.
  • [020] Still yet another advantage of one or more of the embodiments may be to co- generate power from a conventional steam/water cycle
  • https://www.google.com/patents/WO2009108331A2

2008 DoD Grant (2014 patent publication date) “Deuterium Reactor”US20130235963A1 – Filed: Mar 12, 2012 – Publication date: Sep 12, 2013 Inventor: Pharis Edward Williams Original Assignee: Pharis Edward Williams $25,000 was received in 2008 from NSWC, Indian Head Division, to design experiments, review reports, and analyze data. The experiments verified heating using powdered/granulated fuel. editor note Quote: “As a United States Department of Defense (DoD) Energetics Center, Naval Surface Warfare Center, Indian Head Division is a critical component of the Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) Warfare Center (WFC) Enterprise. One of the WFC’s nine Divisions, Indian Head’s mission is to research, develop, test, evaluate, and produce energetics and energetic systems for U.S. fighting forces.” It is a 1700-person organization with sites in McAlester, OK; Ogden, UT; Picatinny, NJ and a second site in Indian Head, MD. NSWC IHEODTD has the largest U.S. workforce in the DoD dedicated to energetics and EOD, comprising more than 800 scientists and engineers and 50 active duty military. The business base totals $1.4B. -end note https://www.google.com/patents/US20130235963A1

2009 thru 2010 NASA-LaRC SpaceWorks Contract (applied engineering)
Quote: “SpaceWorks conducted separate vehicle design studies evaluating the potential impact of two advanced propulsion system concepts under consideration by NASA Langley Research Center: The first concept was an expendable multistage rocket vehicle which utilized an advanced Air-Augmented Rocket (AAR) engine. The effect of various rocket thrust augmentation ratios were identified the resulting vehicle design where compared against a traditional expendable rocket concept. The second concept leverage Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR), a new form of energy generation being studied at NASA LaRC, to determine how to utilize an LENR-based propulsion system for space access. For this activity, two LENR-based rocket engine propulsion performance models where developed jointly by SpaceWorks and LaRC personnel.” -end quote See: “SpaceWorks Advanced Concepts Group (ACG) Overview” October 2012 PowerPoint presentation, page 31. http://www.sei.aero/eng/papers/uploads/archive/Advanced_Concepts_Group_ACG_Overview.pdf

2009 Navy Patent “Excess enthalpy upon pressurization of nanosized metals with deuterium” WO2011041370A1 – Original Assignee: The Government Of The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy – Inventor: David A. Kidwell – Priority date: Sep 29, 2009 – Publication date: Mar 31, 2011 – GRANT issued: Nov 10, 2015 – The present application claims the benefit of United States Provisional Application Serial No. 61/246,619 by David A. Kidwell, filed September 29, 2009 entitled “ANOMALOUS HEAT GENERATION FROM DEUTERIUM (OR PLATINUM) LOADED NANOPARTICLES.” https://www.google.com/patents/WO2011041370A1

2009 November Defense Intelligence Agency (LENR report) DIA-08-0911-003 Technology Forecast: “Worldwide Research on Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions Increasing and Gaining Acceptance” Quote, “LENR power sources could produce the greatest transformation of the battlefield for U.S. forces since the transition from horsepower to gasoline power.” -end quote Prepared by: Beverly Barnhart, DIA/DI, Defense Warning Office. With contributions from: Dr. Patrick McDaniel, University of New Mexico; Dr. Pam Mosier-Boss, U.S. Navy SPAWAR/Pacific; Dr. Michael McKubre, SRI International; Mr. Lawrence Forsley, JWK International; and Dr. Louis DeChiaro, NSWC/Dahlgren. Coordinated with DIA/DRI, CPT, DWO, DOE/IN, US Navy SPAWAR/Pacific and U.S. NSWC/Dahlgren,VA. http://www.lenr-canr.org/acrobat/BarnhartBtechnology.pdf

2010 Navy Patent (LENR fuel) “Metal nanoparticles with a pre-selected number of atoms” US 8728197 B2 – Original Assignee: The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy – Inventors: Albert Epshteyn, David A. Kidwell GRANT issued: May 20, 2014 https://www.google.com/patents/US8728197B2

2010 United States. Defense Threat Reduction Agency. Advanced Systems and Concepts Office “Applications of Quantum Mechanics: Black Light Power and the Widom-Larsen Theory of LENR” This document consists of a set of slides on the topic of Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) “theoretical modeling” and “experimental observations.” It also discusses efforts to: “Catalogue opponent/proponent views on LENR theories and experiments,” “Review data on element transmutation,” “Prepare assessment and recommendations,” and “Critically examine past and new claims by Black Light Power Inc […] power generation using a newly discovered field of hydrogen-based chemistry.” Note: This document has been added to the Homeland Security Digital Library in agreement with the Project on Advanced Systems and Concepts for Countering WMD (PASCC) as part of the PASCC collection. Permission to download and/or retrieve this resource has been obtained through PASCC.

  • Report Number: Report No. ASCO 2010-014; Report No. Advanced Systems and Concepts Office ASCO 2010 014
  • Author: Ullrich, George
  • Toton, Edward
  • Publisher: United States. Defense Threat Reduction Agency. Advanced Systems and Concepts Office
  • Date: 2010-03-31
  • Copyright: Public Domain. Downloaded or retrieved via external web link as part of the PASCC collection.
  • Retrieved From: ASCO/PASCC Archives via NPS Center on Contemporary Conflict
  • Media Type: application/pdf
  • URL: https://www.hsdl.org/?view&did=717806

(editor note) E-Cat’s first public demo by Rossi in January 2011

2011 Nov. 2 Fox news
title “Cold Fusion Experiment: Major Success or Complex Hoax?”

2011 NASA Patent “Method for Producing Heavy Electrons” US20110255645A1 Inventor: Joseph M. Zawodny – Publication date: Oct 20, 2011 – Filing date: Mar 24, 2011 Assignee: USA As Represented By The Administrator Of NASA – Pursuant to 35U.S.C. §119, the benefit of priority from U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 61/317,379, with a filing date of Mar. 25, 2010, is claimed for this non-provisional application, the contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety. The invention was made by an employee of the United States Government and may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor. https://www.google.com/patents/US20110255645A1

2011 July (NASA LENR) in the NASA Technical report NASA/CR-2003-212169 “Advanced Energetics for Aeronautical Applications” (see Section, pg. 45-48). 3.1.5 Low Energy Nuclear Reactions Induced Deuterium Fusion in Palladium The first-discovered form of solid-state fusion was that achieved by electrochemically splitting heavy water in order to cause the deuterium to absorb into pieces of palladium metal. When this experiment is conducted according to procedures that have resulted from the work of many researchers since 1989, it is reproducible.

The evidence that a nuclear process is occurring is that excess energy in the form of heat (greater than what could be produced by any possible chemical reaction in the system) and helium 4 (He4) (in quantities exceeding any possible contamination) occur. https://www.focus.it/site_stored/old_fileflash/energia/fusioneFredda/FF_doc/2003-02-00_NASA-CR-2003-212169_vol1.pdf

Also see the patent: “Nuclear reactor consuming nuclear fuel that contains atoms of elements having a low atomic number and a low mass number” WO 2013108159 A1 – Assignee – Yogendra Narain SRIVASTAVA, Allan Widom, Publication date: Jul 25, 2013 – Priority date: Jul 16, 2012 Abstract: NASA identifies this new generation of nuclear reactors by using the term “Proton Power Cells.” NASA contractors (University of Illinois and Lattice Energy LLC) have measured an excess heat ranging from 20% to 100% employing a thin film (about 300 angstroms) of Nickel, Titanium and/or Palladium loaded with hydrogen as nuclear fuel. The metallic film was immersed in an electrochemical system with 0.5 to 1.0 molar Lithium sulfates in normal water as the electrolyte. To explain the reaction mechanism, Dr. George Miley (University of Illinois) hypothesized the fusion of 20 protons with five atoms of Nickel- 58 by creating an atom of a super-heavy element (A=310); this super-heavy atom rapidly should decay by producing stable fission elements and heat in the metal film. https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2013108159A1

2011 Sept. (NASA GRC LENR Brief) “Low Energy Nuclear Reactions Is there better way to do nuclear power?” Dr. Joseph M. Zawodny NASA Langley Research Center

pg 17. Experimental Implications

  • LENR experiments employing electrochemical cells are basically uncontrolled experiments.
  • IF the right pattern of dendrites/textures occurs, it is a random occurrence – almost pure luck. This is why replication is so sporadic, why some experiments take so long before they become active, and why some never do.
  • Need to design, fabricate, and maintain the surface texture and/or grains – not rely on chance.
  • MeV/He not a unique, let alone important, metric.

2011 Nov. (SPAWAR LENR news) Quote, “On or about Nov. 9, 2011, Rear Admiral Patrick Brady , commander of SPAWAR, ordered SPAWAR researchers to terminate all LENR research.” -end quote A New Energy Times article titled, “Navy Commander Halts SPAWAR LENR Research” by Steven Krivit http://news.newenergytimes.net/2012/03/01/navy-commander-halts-spawar-lenr-research/

2012 NASA/Boeing Publication (applied engineering) NASA Contract NNL08AA16B – NNL11AA00T “Subsonic Ultra Green Aircraft Research – Phase II N+4 Advanced Concept Development” Pg. 24 -Even though we do not know the specific cost of the LENR itself, we assumed a cost of jet fuel at $4/gallon and weight based aircraft cost. We were able to calculate cost per mile for the LENR equipped aircraft compared to a conventional aircraft (Figure 3.2). Looking at the plots, one could select a point where the projected cost per mile is 33% less than a conventionally powered aircraft (Heat engine > 1 HP/lb & LENR > 3.5 HP/lb).

(editor note) The NASA Working Group Report also makes public the following list of organizations and individuals working on the advanced concept contract:

Marty Bradley, Christopher Droney, Zachary Hoisington, Timothy Allen, Dwaine Cotes, Yueping Guo, Brian Foist, Blaine Rawdon, Sean Wakayama, Emily Dallara, Ed Kowalski, Joe Wa, Ismail Robbana, Sergey Barmichev, Larry Fink, Mithra Sankrithi, Edward White
General Electric
Kurt Murrow, Jeff Hammel, Srini Gowda
Georgia Tech
Michelle Kirby, Hongjun Ran, Teawoo Nam, Jimmy Tai, Chris Perullo
Vermont Tech
Joe Schetz, Rakesh Kapania
Mark Guynn, Erik Olson, Gerald Brown, Larry Leavitt, Richard Wahls, Doug Wells, James Felder, Casey Burley, John Martin
Federal Aviation Administration
Rhett Jeffries, Christopher Sequiera

2012 National Institute of Aeronautics and NASA (applied engineering)
“MPD Augmentation of a Thermal Air Rocket Utilizing Low Energy Nuclear Reactions Roger Lepsch, NASA Langley Research Center; Matt Fischer, National Institute of Aerospace; Christopher Jones, National Institute of Aerospace; Alan Wilhite, National Institute of Aerospace. Presented at the 53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference, April 26, 2012 https://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/6.2012-1351

2012 Global Energy Corporation news (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech)

“Virginia Firm Offers Nuclear Energy” Jun 2012 – Emmanuel T. Erediano


“Lawrence P.G. Forsley, vice president for science and technology of Global Energy Corp. (globalenergycorporation.com), said their “revolutionary technology” is based on the “new science of hybrid fusion fast fission” green nuclear energy, or “Genie.”

Forsley said he is among the GEC scientists who conducted 23 years of research and development with the U.S. Navy. He said they completed the design of a safe, clean, secure and affordable green hybrid fusion nuclear reactor for commercial uses.

Genie reactors, he said, don’t use a uranium-235 chain reaction. Without a chain reaction, there can’t be a runaway, core meltdown, no explosions initiated by the meltdowns and no radioactive fallout, he added. Genie reactors, Forsley said, don’t have nuclear waste problems.

It doesn’t need a spent fuel pool nor a spent fuel waste storage dump. It “burns” uranium-238 that comprises 95 percent of conventional nuclear waste. Therefore, Genie actually “cleans” nuclear waste, he added.
-end quotes

ALSO “Guam Eyes Clean Nuclear Power”http://www.mvariety.com/cnmi/cnmi-news/local/43960-guam-eyes-clean-nuclear-power


“We’re generation five,” Dr. Khim (President of Global Energy Corp) told the Variety during an exclusive interview, “and first of all this is a brand new concept.” He said safety is the first consideration, and that cannot be ensured by building higher walls around reactors, as Japan saw last year with Fukushima.

“You have to change the basic science of nuclear power,” Khim explained. “We’ve been working with the U.S. Navy for about 22 years and the basic science phase is now over. Now we’re going into commercial development, which the Navy is not going to do.” But Khim says the science has been repeatedly duplicated by the Navy, and has been proven, recognized and published.

Officials of the Navy on Guam, including Capt. John V. Heckmann Jr., CO of Naval Facilities and a professional engineer, attended the GEC briefing. The GEC board of directors, Khim says, includes some well-known Washington D.C. Players, including former Secretary of Defense Frank Carlucci, former Congressman and Secretary of Transportation Norman Mineta, and former U.S. Congressman Tom Davis, among others.” – end quotes

(editor note) E-Cat’s Ferrara, Italy tests Dec. 2012 and Mar. 2013

2013 Global Energy Corporation news (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech)
title “Impeached governor inked secret deal to construct fast breeder reactor” By Lucas W Hixson, March 25


Later that month, the press reported that Global Energy Corp. was proposing to build a 50-megawatt plant as a pilot project on Guam, on a build, operate and transfer basis for which GEC would obtain its own financing. The reports argued that Guam ratepayers would pay only for the electric power generated. GEC CEO Dr. Khim even said that he would finance the estimated $250 million plant himself. “No initial money for Guam at all,” Khim assured the press. “I’ll pay all the money; I’ll run it; and give Guam cheap electricity.” – end quote


2013 Navy Patent (a 2009 patent continuation) “Excess enthalpy upon pressurization of dispersed palladium with hydrogen or deuterium”US9192918B2 Original Assignee: The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy – Inventors: David A. Kidwell – Filing date: Aug 8, 2013 – GRANT issued: Nov 24, 2015 editor note: see PRIORITY CLAIM) i.e. “All applications listed in this paragraph as well as all other publications and patent documents referred to throughout this nonprovisional application are incorporated herein by reference.” -end note https://www.google.com/patents/US9192918B2

May 2013 NASA (publication) NASA/TM-2013-217981, L-20240, NF1676L-16305- “Advanced-to-Revolutionary Space Technology Options – The Responsibly Imaginable” Apr 1, 2013 Dennis M. Bushnell – See pg. 13, ‘Low Energy Nuclear Reactions, the Realism and the Outlook’ Quote: “- given the truly massive-to-mind boggling benefits – solutions to climate, energy and the limitations that restrict the NASA Mission areas, all of them. The key to space exploration is energetics. The key to supersonic transports and neighbor-friendly personal fly/drive air vehicles is energetics, as simplex examples of the potential implications of this area of research.” –end quote https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20130011698

2013 Boeing Patent (applied engineering) “Rotational annular airscrew with integrated acoustic arrester” CA2824290A1 Applicant: The Boeing Company, Matthew D. Moore, Kelly L. Boren – Filing date: Aug 16, 2013 – Publication date: May 12, 2014 – “ The contra-rotating forward coaxial electric motor and the contra-rotating aft coaxial electric motor are coupled to at least one energy source. The contra-rotating forward coaxial electric motor and the contra-rotating aft coaxial electric motor may be directly coupled to the at least one energy source, or through various control and/or power distribution circuits. The energy source may comprise, for example, a system to convert chemical, solar or nuclear energy into electricity within or coupled to a volume bearing structure. The energy source may comprise, for example but without limitation, a battery, a fuel cell, a solar cell, an energy harvesting device, low energy nuclear reactor (LENR), a hybrid propulsion system, or other energy source. https://www.google.com/patents/CA2824290A1

(editor note) E-Cat’s Oct. 2014 32 day test in Lugano, Switzerland


Heading added by Abd. Section headers with anchors and links created. Sequence of video sections has been reversed to match “Newscast” numbers.

2014 Global Energy Corporation Newscasts (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech)

GEC Thorium SMR editor note- (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech)
Global Energy Corporation YouTube Channel

GEC Thorium SMR

Article preview thumbnail

Slide show: https://nari.arc.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/SeedlingWELLS.pdf

2014 NASA and Georgia Institute of Technology (applied engineering)“The Application of LENR to Synergistic Mission Capabilities” Presented at AIAA AVIATION 2014 Atlanta, GA USA, Douglas P. Wells NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, Dimitri N. Mavris Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia – Pg. 2 (comparing energetics) LENR 8,000,000 times chemical -Fusion 7,300,000 times chemical – Fission 1,900,000 times chemical. https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20150000549.pdf

2014 NASA and Cal Tech Presentation (applied engineering) “Low Energy Nuclear Reaction Aircraft” NASA Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD) 2014 Seedling Technical Seminar, February 19–27, 2014.
California Polytechnic State University • Dr. Rob McDonald • Advanced Topics in Aircraft Design course (10wks) • Sponsored Research Project Team
NASA Glenn Research Center • Jim Felder, Chris Snyder
NASA Langley Research Center • Bill Fredericks, Roger Lepsch, John Martin, Mark Moore, Doug Wells, Joe Zawodny

2014 NASA (presentation) “Frontier Aerospace Opportunities”
NASA/TM-2014-218519, L-20449, NF1676L-19426
Dennis M. Bushnell Oct 01, 2014 LENR (pages) 11, 13, 21, 24, 25, and 26. https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20150001248.pdf

2015 September Dr. DeChiaro – Branch Q51 NSWC Dahlgren (presentation) IEEE Date: 23 September 2015 Presented by Dr. Louis F. DeChiaro – NSWC Dahlgren and Professor Peter Hagelstein – MIT editor note- DeChiaro Bio.

Quote: “He joined the US Navy as a civilian Physicist in September, 2006 and since 2009 been performing investigations in LENR physics and supporting the EMC efforts of Branch Q51 at the Naval Surface Warfare Center, Dahlgren, VA. During the period 2010-2012 he was on special assignment at the Naval Research Labs, Washington, D.C. in their experimental LENR group. Dr. DeChiaro is a member of Tau Beta Pi.” – end quote -end note
Bios for these speakers are found at: https://meetings.vtools.ieee.org/m/35303
IEEE presentation title: Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) Phenomena and Potential Applications” http://fuelrfuture.com/science/navylenr.pdf

2015 SPAWAR/JWK/NSWC Dahlgren (presentation) ‘Strained Layer Ferromagnetism in Transition Metals and its Impact Upon Low Energy Nuclear Reactions’ Louis F. DeChiaro – Naval Surface Warfare Center, 5493 Marple Road, Suite 156, Dahlgren, VA 22448, USA, Lawrence P. Forsley – Global Energy Corporation, Annandale, VA 22003, USA, Pamela Mosier-Boss – Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center (SPAWAR) Pacific, San Diego, CA 92152, USA Acknowledgements: The DFT studies documented in this work are a direct outgrowth of US Navy research that was funded under the In-house Laboratory Independent Research (ILIR) Program, and we wish to gratefully acknowledge the strong support of Jeff Solka (the ILIR sponsor) and the Department Q management over the past 5 years. In addition, we wish to thank a number of dear colleagues for their inspiration, including Peter Hagelstein of the MIT Electronics Research Laboratory, the LENR teams at the NASA Langley and Glenn facilities, and especially Olga Dmitriyeva and Rick Cantwell of Coolescence, who were instrumental in suggesting the potential value of spin-polarized calculations in elemental metal systems. – end quotes http://www.iscmns.org/CMNS/JCMNS-Vol17.pdf

2016 – May 4th, U.S. House Committee on Armed Services (LENR inquire)
Quote “The committee is aware of recent positive developments in developing low energy nuclear reactions (LENR), which produce ultra clean, low cost renewable energy that have strong national security implications.
…the committee directs the Secretary of Defense to provide a briefing on the military utility of recent U.S. industrial base LENR advancements to the House Committee on Armed Services by September 22, 2016.
See -Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) Briefing;
“National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017″ page 87.

2016 SPAWAR, U. of Austin, U. of New Mexico, and GEC (publication)
Defense Threat Reduction Agency “DTRA: INVESTIGATION OF NANO-NUCLEAR REACTIONS IN CONDENSED MATTER FINAL REPORT” June 2016 Affiliation: US Navy SPAWAR-PAC, Global Energy Corporation, University of New Mexico, University of Austin https://www.researchgate.net/publication/307594560_DTRA_INVESTIGATION_OF_NANO-NUCLEAR_REACTIONS_IN_CONDENSED_MATTER_FINAL_REPORT

2016 NASA Patent “Methods and apparatus for enhanced nuclear reactions”US20170263337A1 Inventors: Vladimir Pines, Marianna Pines, Bruce Steinetz, Arnon Chait, Gustave Fralick, Robert Hendricks, Paul Westmeyer – Current Assignee: NASA Glenn Research Center, Pinesci Consulting – Priority date: 2016-03-09, Application: 2017-09-14. editor note-US20170263337A1 claims that many types of materials are suitable for LENR. – end note

[0082] It should be understood that any material which may be hydrided may be used as the initial material, such as, for example, single-walled or double-walled carbon nanotubes. Double-walled carbon nanotubes in particular have an internal spacing consistent with the lattice spacing of palladium-silver lattices, the usage of which in experiment will be described in detail below.

Alternatively, materials such as silicon, graphene, boron nitride, silicene, molybdenum disulfide or ferritin (editor note: ferritin BIOCHEMISTRY noun: ferritin – a protein produced in mammalian metabolism that serves to store iron in the tissues) may be used, although it should be understood that substantially two-dimensional structures, such as graphene, boron nitride, silicene and molybdenum disulfide are not hydrated similar to their three-dimensional counterparts and may be subjected to a separate process, specifically with the two-dimensional structure being positioned adjacent one of the above materials, as will be described in greater detail below.

Similarly, ferritin and other complex materials may be filled or loaded with hydrogen using methods specific to the particular material properties. In general, the initial material may be any suitable material which is able to readily absorb and or adsorb hydrogen isotopes, such as, for example, metal hydrides (e.g., titanium, scandium, vanadium, chromium, yttrium, niobium, zirconium, palladium, hafnium, tantalum, etc.), lanthanides (e.g., lanthanum, cesium, etc.), actinides (e.g., actinium, thallium, uranium, etc.), ionic hydrides (e.g., lithium, strontium, etc.), covalent hydrides (e.g., gallium, germanium, bismuth, etc.), intermediate hydrides (e.g., beryllium, magnesium, etc.), and select metals known to be active (e.g., nickel, tungsten, rhenium, molybdenum, ruthenium, rhodium, etc.), along with hydrides thereof, as well as alloys with non-hydriding materials (e.g., silver, copper, etc.), suspensions, and combinations thereof. – end quote

(editor note) The patent US20170263337A1 is a LENR patent by a NASA team. This patent’s citations include two patents “Method and apparatus for generating thermal energy” and “Methods of generating energetic particles using nanotubes and articles thereof” which have a classification: G21B3/00 Low temperature nuclear fusion reactors, e.g. alleged cold fusion reactors. Also note the following Glenn Research Center Publication, “Investigation of Deuterium Loaded Materials Subject to X-Ray Exposure” Apr 3, 2017, where US20170263337A1 inventors work with Lawrence P. Forsley of Global Energy Corporation (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech). – end note

2016 NASA Glenn Research Center (LENR tech licensing offer)
editor note-
 A search for ‘fusion’ that I did in May of 2016, at the NASA Technology Gateway, yielded this out of Glenn Research Center… “Methods and Apparatus for Enhanced Nuclear Reactions” Reference Number LEW-19366-1. Contact us for information about this technology. NASA Glenn Research Center, Innovation Projects Office ttp@grc.nasa.gov -end note

2017 July 14 NASA PineScie Contract Award $485,750 title “Theoretical Support for Advanced Energy Conversion Project” National Aeronautics and Space Administration – Glenn Research Center – Office of Procurement Contract Award Number 80GRC017C0021 (LENR Forum attachment) https://www.lenr-forum.com/attachment/4570-fbo-search-theoretical-support-for-advanced-energy-conversion-project-pdf/

(editor note) E-Cat QX demo held November, 2017 in Stockholm, Sweden.

2017 Global Energy Corporation LENR Update (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech)


Our team of scientists and consultants have solid backgrounds in both technology and business for the development of energy technology. With GEC you get the benefit of experience that’s been acquired year after year, job after job.

While development of NanoStar and Nanomite is ongoing, GEC initial focus is the product development and commercialization of Small Modular Generators (SMG’s) using Hybrid Fusion technology. GEC is currently negotiating several new SMG construction contracts ranging from 250MWe to 5GWe around the world.

After 20 years of R&D and product development, GEC has developed a truly safe, clean and secure atomic energy generator through hybrid fusion-fast-fission Technology. These SMG’s are safe (no chain reaction-no melt down), clean (uses nuclear waste/unenriched U as fuel), and secure (no enrichment and no reprocessing).

2006 – Global Energy Corporation founded

2011 – Subsidiary GEC Global LLC established for development of conventional power plants

2012 – BOT signed to develop and build a 50MWe GEC SMG Power Plant on the island of Saipan

2013 – Patent issued for Technology – end quotes

(editor note) GEC holds the 2008 Patent (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech) “A hybrid fusion fast fission reactor” WO2009108331A2; which is the sister patent of the 2007 SPAWAR patent “System and method for generating particles” US8419919B1 which was granted Apr. 16, 2013; assigned to JWK International Corporation and The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy. -end note

Entities of Interest from
U. S. Government LENR Energy 2018 Review

Inventors, Authors and other Persons of Interest

Brian S. Ahern https://patents.google.com/?inventor=Brian+S.+Ahern

Beverly Barnhart – DIA/DI, Defense Warning Office

Michael D. Becks https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20170002544

Theresa L. Benyo – Theresa Benyo currently works at the Structures and Materials Division, NASA. Theresa does research in Plasma Physics, Electromagnetism and Nuclear Physics. Their most recent publication is ‘Experimental Observations of Nuclear Activity in Deuterated Materials Subjected to a Low-Energy Photon Beam.’ https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Theresa_Benyo

Marty K. Bradley https://aviation.aiaa.org/uploadedFiles/AIAA-Aviation_Site/Program/Bradley%20Bio.pdf

Kelly L. Boren https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Kelly+L.+Boren%22

Pamela A. Boss https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Pamela+A.+Boss%22

Frank Carlucci https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Carlucci

Arnon Chait – Arnon Chait, Ph.D. – Head of Med-Tech
Arnon Chait is the co-founder of both ANALIZA, Inc. and Cleveland Diagnostics, and is the President and CEO at AnalizaDx, LLC and Cleveland Diagnostics, Inc. Dr. Chait`s training and experience covers physics, engineering and biosciences, concentrating on interdisciplinary research for over two decades. Dr. Chait was the founder of an advanced interdisciplinary lab at NASA, and has held several academic positions at leading universities, including Tufts and Case Western Reserve University. He has extensively published in multiple fields, and is the holder of over a dozen of patents and multiple international patent applications. Arnon has been the co-founder of two additional companies in the fields of structural genomics (IP sold to Fluidigm) and opto-electronics. http://www.kitalholdings.com/html5/ProLookup.taf?_ID=10529&did=2241&G=8899&SM=8907 Also see: Dr Arnon Chait, CEO of Cleveland Diagnostics CDx – Also: Arnon Chait NASA on YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CVe117kQaP4

Harry R. Clark Jr. https://patents.google.com/?inventor=Harry+R.+Clark%2c+Jr.

Christopher C. Daniels https://www.uakron.edu/engineering/research/profile.dot?u=cdanielsAlso: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Christopher_Daniels5

Tom Davis https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_Davis_(Virginia_politician)

Dr. Louis F. DeChiaro (see bio speakers) https://meetings.vtools.ieee.org/m/35303

Christopher K. Droney – Configuration Synthesis Manager. Boeing, News article “SUGAR sweetens the deal with Phase 3 results, Phase 4 underway” by Christopher Droney http://www.boeing.com/features/innovation-quarterly/aug2017/feature-technical-sugar.page

Albert Epshteyn https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Albert+Epshteyn%22

Matt Fischer – NIA Graduate (see year 2012) University/Date: Georgia Tech/May 2012 Degree/Advisor: M.S., Aerospace Engineering, Dr. Alan Wilhite. Present Position: Boeing, Alabama – Thesis Topic: “Magnetohydrodynamic Acceleration of a Thermal Air Rocket Utilizing Low Energy Nuclear Reactions” https://www.researchgate.net/publication/268478605_MPD_Augmentation_of_a_Thermal_Air_Rocket_Utilizing_Low_Energy_Nuclear_Reactions

Gustave Fralick https://patents.google.com/?inventor=Gustave+Fralick

Lawrence Parker Galloway Forsley https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Lawrence+Parker+Galloway+Forsley%22 also https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Lawrence_Forsley2

Frank E. Gordon https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Frank+E.+Gordon%22

Prof. Peter Hagelstein – MIT https://www.researchgate.net/scientific-contributions/12103481_Peter_L_Hagelstein Also see bio – speakers: https://meetings.vtools.ieee.org/m/35303

Capt. John V. Heckmann Jr. (editors note) This news, “Lynch to Move on to NAVFAC Pacific; Heckmann to Assume Command of NAVFAC Marianas” – By Pacific News Center – July 14, 2011 Quote “An official change of Command Ceremony is slated for next Wednesday at 10 am at the Big Screen Theater on Naval Base Guam. At that “time-honored Navy tradition” Captain Lynch will render his command to the new NAVFAC Marianas Commander, Captain John V. Heckmann Jr. Heckmann is coming to Guam from Norfolk, Virginia where he served as the executive officer for NAVFAC Mid-Atlantic.” – end quote

Robert C. Hendricks https://patents.google.com/?inventor=Robert+Hendricks

Keith H. Johnson – MIT https://patents.google.com/?inventor=Keith+H.+Johnson Also: MIT News, Scientist/Screenwriter, Professor Leads Double Life March 11, 1992. http://news.mit.edu/1992/doublelife-0311 Also this from 2012,
Cold Fusion Returns to MIT, by Eugene Mallove http://www.infinite-energy.com/iemagazine/issue47/mit.html Also: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Keith_Johnson8

Christopher A. Jones – NASA Langley Research Center https://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/6.2017-5284 Also: Sponsor, Non-Voting Member of RASC-AL; The Revolutionary Aerospace Systems Concepts – Academic Linkages (RASC-AL) is managed by the National Institute of Aerospace on behalf of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Bio: Dr. Christopher Jones works in the Space Mission Analysis Branch at NASA’s Langley Research Center in Hampton, VA. His current work includes strategic analysis of space technology investments, applications of in-space assembly to Mars exploration, and mission design for an Earth Science satellite. His previous work includes leading development of a Venus atmospheric exploration concept, performing trajectory analysis in support of future NASA missions, and modeling in-situ resource utilization architectures for the Moon and Mars. He obtained his Masters and Ph.D. in aerospace engineering from Georgia Tech in 2009 and 2016, respectively, and his Bachelors in mechanical engineering from the University of South Carolina in 2007. http://rascal.nianet.org/steering-committee/

Tracy R. Kamm https://arxiv.org/find/nucl-ex/1/au:+Kamm_T/0/1/0/all/0/1

Jay Wook Khim https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Jay+Wook+Khim%22

David A. Kidwell https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22David+A.+Kidwell%22

Roger Lepsch – Aerospace Technologist, Vehicle Analysis Branch, Systems Analysis and Concepts Directorate, NASA Langley. https://www.researchgate.net/scientific-contributions/2058682370_Roger_Lepsch

Richard E. Martin http://www.csuohio.edu/engineering/mce/faculty-and-staff-5 Also: https://arxiv.org/find/physics/1/au:+Martin_R/0/1/0/all/0/1

Dimitri N. Mavris – Regents Professor, Boeing Professor of Advanced Aerospace Systems Analysis, & Langley Distinguished Professor in Advanced Aerospace Systems Architecture https://www.ae.gatech.edu/people/dimitri-mavris

Dr. Michael McKubre

Matthew D. Moore https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Matthew+D.+Moore%22

Norman Mineta https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Mineta

Nicholas Penney https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Nicholas_Penney2

Marianna Pines https://www.researchgate.net/search/publications?q=marianna%2Bpines

Vladimir Pines https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Vladimir_Pines

Bruce M. Steinetz https://patents.google.com/?inventor=Bruce+Steinetz

Stanislaw Szpak https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Stanislaw+Szpak%22

Douglas P. Wells – Low Energy Nuclear Reaction Aircraft Investigator NASA Langley Research Center https://nari.arc.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/attachments/17WELLS_ABSTRACT.pdf

Paul Westmeyer https://patents.google.com/?inventor=Paul+Westmeyer

Alan Wilhite – News title “AE salutes Prof. Alan Wilhite” Dec. 10, 2014″ The faculty and staff of the School of Aerospace Engineering gave a spirited send-off to Dr. Alan Wilhite who officially retired from his positions at Georgia Tech and NASA. https://www.ae.gatech.edu/news/2015/07/ae-salutes-prof-alan-wilhite

Pharis Edward Williams https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Pharis+Edward+Williams%22

Joseph M. Zawodny https://www.google.com/search?tbo=p&tbm=pts&hl=en&q=ininventor:%22Joseph+M.+Zawodny%22

also… the SUGAR team

Marty Bradley, Christopher Droney, Zachary Hoisington, Timothy Allen, Dwaine Cotes, Yueping Guo, Brian Foist, Blaine Rawdon, Sean Wakayama, Emily Dallara, Ed Kowalski, Joe Wa, Ismail Robbana, Sergey Barmichev, Larry Fink, Mithra Sankrithi, Edward White
General Electric
Kurt Murrow, Jeff Hammel, Srini Gowda
Georgia Tech
Michelle Kirby, Hongjun Ran, Teawoo Nam, Jimmy Tai, Chris Perullo
Vermont Tech
Joe Schetz, Rakesh Kapania
Mark Guynn, Erik Olson, Gerald Brown, Larry Leavitt, Richard Wahls, Doug Wells, James Felder, Casey Burley, John Martin
Federal Aviation Administration
Rhett Jeffries, Christopher Sequiera

Companies of Interest

PineSci Consulting http://government-contractors.insidegov.com/l/172920/Pinesci-Consulting

Ohio Aerospace Institute – The Ohio Aerospace Institute (OAI) is a non-profit organization that enhances the aerospace competitiveness of its corporate, federal agency, non-profit and university members through research and technology development, workforce preparedness and engagement with networks for innovation. www.oai.org/

Vantage Partners, LLC – Vantage Partners, LLC provides aero-engineering and information technology solutions. Its engineering solutions include electrical, mechanical, software, and systems. The company was incorporated in 2008 and is based in Lanham, Maryland. Vantage Partners, LLC operates as a joint venture between Stinger Ghaffarian Technologies, Inc. and Vantage Systems, Inc. https://vantagepartners.com/

JWK International Corporation http://www.jwk.com/site/

Global Energy Corporation http://www.gec.solutions

Hydroelectron Ventures Inc

Spaceworks Enterprises Inc. http://spaceworkseng.com/

National Institute of Aerospace (NIA) http://www.nianet.org

Boeing http://www.boeing.com/

General Electric https://www.ge.com/

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) https://www.aiaa.org/

IEEE https://meetings.vtools.ieee.org/m/35303

Universities of Interest

The University of Akron

Cleveland State University

Massachusetts Institute of Technology http://web.mit.edu/

Georgia Tech (Georgia Institute of Technology) http://www.gatech.edu/

Vermont Technical College https://www.vtc.edu/

Cal Poly San Luis Obispo – California State University

University of Alabama https://www.ua.edu/

U.S. Agencies and Labs of Interest

United States Department of Defense (DoD) https://www.defense.gov

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) https://www.darpa.mil/

Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) Energetics Center Indian Head http://www.navsea.navy.mil/Home/Warfare-Centers/NSWC-Indian-Head-EOD-Technology/Who-We-Are/

Naval Surface Warfare Center, Dahlgren Division (NSWCDDhttp://www.navsea.navy.mil/Home/Warfare-Centers/NSWC-Dahlgren/

Naval Surface Warfare Center, Indian Head Division http://www.navsea.navy.mil/Home/Warfare-Centers/NSWC-Indian-Head-EOD-Technology/

NASA Langley Research Center https://www.nasa.gov/langley

Federal Aviation Administration https://www.faa.gov/

NASA Glenn Research Center –editor note- A search for ‘fusion’ out of the NASA Technology Gateway yields this out of Glenn Research Center… “Methods and Apparatus for Enhanced Nuclear Reactions” Reference Number LEW-19366-1 Contact us for information about this technology NASA Glenn Research Center Innovation Projects Office ttp@grc.nasa.gov -end note https://www.nasa.gov/centers/glenn/home/index.html

Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR) www.public.navy.mil/spawar

Recommended Reading

2016 March 19 article by Greg Goble
title “LENR NRNF Low Energy Nuclear Reaction NonRadioactive Nuclear Flight US and EU Applied Engineering”

Chapter 2

LENR at NASA GRC Advanced Energy Conversion Project


  • Frank Akland at E-Catworld.com
    What are your opinions of these claims?
    I am asking this of you, and a few others.
    Steven Krivit
    Peter Hagelstein
    Dr. Andrea Rossi
    Dr. Francis Tanzella
    Dr. Swartz
    Florian Metzler
    Jeff Driscoll
    Also soon, to a few others I will frame a similar question.

    – Greg Goble

  • I decided to compile this review a number of months ago. The reason being, I had asked a few editors of LENR news sites what they thought of the claims being made by Global Energy Corporation, see in the review “2017 Global Energy Corporation LENR Update (SPAWAR LENR tech)“. Each editor asked me to provide any recent follow up to those claims. None that I could find. So I decided to compile a review as a frame of reference for the question.

    I ask of each of you…
    “What is your opinion? Are the claims of GEC credible, perhaps credible, or not?
    Thanks for your consideration
    The original review, here at kinja, is continuously being updated as information becomes available.
    View the latest edition to keep updated.

    gbgoblenote – The review is open-sourced for any to use. If doing so, please include the edition date in this format ( ed1/26/2018gbgoble )
    Any leads to be included in the review are so appreciated.

    gbgoble@gmail.com (415) 548-3735


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